Gaoyao District

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Gaoyao
高要区
District
Skyline of Gaoyao
Location of Gaoyao (red) within Zhaoqing City and Guangdong province
Location of Gaoyao (red) within Zhaoqing City and Guangdong province
Gaoyao is located in Guangdong
Gaoyao
Gaoyao
Location of the seat in Guangdong
Coordinates: 23°02′N 112°27′E / 23.033°N 112.450°E / 23.033; 112.450Coordinates: 23°02′N 112°27′E / 23.033°N 112.450°E / 23.033; 112.450
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
Prefecture-level cityZhaoqing
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Gaoyao District
Chinese高要
PostalKoyiu
Literal meaningLingyang Gorge

Gaoyao, formerly romanized as Koyiu, is an urban district of Zhaoqing in western Guangdong, China. Population: 706,000.[when?]

Name[edit]

Gaoyao—literally "high-&-wanting"—is a former name of the Lingyang Gorge on the Xi River. It was originally the name of the surrounding land but came to be used for the area's seat of government. Gaoyao is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese name, based on its Mandarin pronunciation; the former Chinese Postal Map spelling was based on the local Cantonese pronunciation of the same name. Gaoyao has also sometimes been romanized as Kaou Yaou.[1]

Geography[edit]

Gaoyao is located on the southern bank of the Xi River, opposite central Zhaoqing. Both are about 100 kilometers (62 mi) away from Guangzhou, the provincial capital.

History[edit]

Gaoyao was a county of the Qin and Han and its eponymous county seat was the principal settlement of the area. Under the Sui, the administration relocated across the river to Duanzhou, which was renamed Zhaoqing under the Song. Gaoyao continued as a separate county in Zhaoqing Commandery.[1] It was promoted to a county-level city in 1993 and later to urban district status.

Tourism[edit]

Places of interest include the Red Mansion and Gaoyao Xuegong Pavilion. There are also 3 pagodas that can be seen in Gaoyao.

Image gallery[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Gaoyao has jurisdiction over one subdistrict and several towns:

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[2] Area (km2)
Nan'an Subdistrict 南岸街道 Nán'àn Jiēdào 81,886 36.5
Hetai town 河台镇 Hétái Zhèn 33,660 150
Lecheng town 乐城镇 Lèchéng Zhèn 24,337 94
Shuinan town 水南镇 Shuǐnán Zhèn 11,598 126
Lubu town 禄步镇 Lùbù Zhèn 63,488 254
Xiaoxiang town 小湘镇 Xiǎoxiāng Zhèn 30,964 200
Dawan town 大湾镇 Dàwān Zhèn 34,535 108
Xinqiao town 新桥镇 Xīnqiáo Zhèn 39,265 41.8
Baizhu town 白诸镇 Báizhū Zhèn 36,977 128
Liantang town 莲塘镇 Liántáng Zhèn 58,429 125
Huodao town 活道镇 Huódào Zhèn 41,358 228
Jiaotang town 蛟塘镇 Jiāotáng Zhèn 33,060 130
Huilong town 回龙镇 Huílóng Zhèn 25,426 124.25
Baitu town 白土镇 Báitǔ Zhèn 71,430 108.4
Jindu town 金渡镇 Jīndù Zhèn 43,623 101.23
Jinli town 金利镇 Jīnlì Zhèn 93,792 141.3
Xiangang town 蚬岗镇 Xiǎngǎng Zhèn 29,292 96.6

Miscellaneous[edit]

  • Gaoyao is closely connected with the Duanzhou District of Zhaoqing City, geographically as well as culturally. The two urban districts are connected by two road bridges and a railway bridge.
  • Gaoyao is also a known hometown for many Overseas Chinese. There is a large community from Gaoyao in Sydney, Australia.[3][4]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bolton & al. (1941), p. 262.
  2. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  3. ^ Heritage Council of NSW: Yiu Ming Temple
  4. ^ Choi, C.Y., , Sydney University Press, Sydney, 1975

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bolton, Kingsley; et al. (1941), Triad Societies, Vol. 5, Abingdon: Routledge, reprinted 2000.
  • Choi, C.Y. (1975), Chinese Migration and Settlement in Australia, Sydney: Sydney University Press

External links[edit]