The old lighthouse in Garður at Reykjanes Peninsula Iceland
Coat of arms of Garður
Location of the municipality
|Area||21 km2 (8.1 sq mi)|
|Density||67.10/km2 (173.8/sq mi)|
The town Gardur, which means garden or yard, was named after one of the many earthen walls once erected on the boundaries between local properties. Garður was mentioned in the Book of Settlement when Ingólfur Arnarson, the first settler in Iceland, gave his cousin Steinunn Gamla this area of land.
The rich fishing grounds by the shore remain the town's economic base. A great deal of fishing was carried out here in earlier centuries, and there are relics to be found along the shore. Garður remains a strong fishing center with fish processing firms.
Garður is also known for its lighthouses. The old Garðskagi Lighthouse was built in 1897 and was used until recently as a centre for studying the thousands of migrating birds which arrive there from Greenland and North America every year to breed on the surrounding shore.