From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
TypeLimited liability company
IndustryComputer software
video games
FoundedEugene, Oregon, U.S. (2000)
FounderJeff Tunnell
Tim Gift
Rick Overman
Mark Frohnmayer
HeadquartersVancouver, WA, U.S.
Area served
Key people
Eric Preisz (CEO)
ProductsTorque 3D
Torque 2D
iTorque 2D
Torque X

GarageGames was a game technology and software developer. GarageGames was the parent company of GG Interactive, developers of educational technology in the areas of computer science, video game development and programming. In addition, the company has been a video game developer and publisher. GarageGames created several game engines targeted for indie development. Founded in Eugene, Oregon, the company had offices in Las Vegas, Nevada, United States and its headquarters in Vancouver, Washington. In 2007, GarageGames was acquired by IAC[1] and the company was renamed TorquePowered. In 2011, the company was purchased by Graham Software Development and reverted to the original name GarageGames.


GarageGames was founded in Eugene, Oregon in 2000 by Jeff Tunnell, Tim Gift, Rick Overman, and Mark Frohnmayer. Working in their garage on severance checks, the founders derived the name GarageGames as a play off the term "garage band", and is meant to evoke a similar attitude in game development. The stated goal of the original founders of GarageGames was to offer licensing of game engines to virtually anyone, allowing independent game-makers more options in developing and publishing video games. In 2001, GarageGames released the Torque game engine. It was used to create the Tribes game series and was released at an initial price point to allow independent game developers access. Later the company expanded its product lines with additional tools, and more advanced engines and introduced tiered licensing. In 2005, the company introduced Enterprise licenses for large companies and educational institutions available for annual fees ranging from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of dollars per year. In 2006, its developer community surpassed 100,000 users. Over its history, the company launched several of its own games, including Marble Blast Ultra for Microsoft Windows and Xbox Live Arcade.[citation needed]

In 2006, GarageGames acquired BraveTree Technologies, developers of Think Tanks and real-time networked multiplayer physics technology.[citation needed] In 2007, Barry Diller and InterActive Corporation (NASD: IACI) acquired a majority interest in GarageGames for an estimated $80–100M in cash[2] and renamed the company InstantAction.[3] InterActive Corporation later bought out the remainder of GarageGames' equity for an undisclosed sum and on July 15, 2009, Louis Castle, notable for his Command & Conquer series, would become the CEO of GarageGames and InstantAction.[4] The company headquarters were moved to Las Vegas and some employees relocated to Portland, Oregon. Shortly after the move, the "GarageGames" brand was retired.[citation needed]

On November 11, 2010 it was announced that IAC was shutting down InstantAction, and the intellectual property for the Torque game engine would be sold off.[5] On January 20, 2011, the Torque engine and GarageGames brand was purchased and the company was re-launched, as GarageGames again, with new CEO Eric Preisz. The company moved to a new office in Las Vegas, Nevada.[6] In 2011, GarageGames began doing game and technology-based service work. The company created the Microsoft Digital Literacy Program for Windows 8 and an undisclosed project for a World Famous Theme Park. The company also created game-based learning courses for online colleges in the areas of criminal justice, customer service and career development.[citation needed]

In 2014, GarageGames CEO Eric Preisz announced the establishment of GG|Interactive, a subsidiary of GarageGames that would focus on bringing game design, game programming and game development courses to middle schools, high schools and colleges. Under the product name Dev|Pro: Game Development Curriculum, the company offers digital education courses in the areas of computer science, game design and programming. Offices for GG|Interactive were established in Vancouver, Washington while the Las Vegas offices remained open.[citation needed]


GarageGames offered the Torque Game Engine for sale in 2000, offering the technology under a per-seat "Indie" license.[7] GarageGames also offered "Commercial" licensing options to companies with more than $250,000 in annual revenues. In 2012, GarageGames announced that both the Torque 2D Engine and Torque 3D Engine would be offered free as an open-source MIT license.[8] The source code was released on GitHub on September 20, 2012.[9][10] Torque is primarily a video game development technology. Various versions of the engine have been used to develop more than 200 published games.[11] It has been licensed by Electronic Arts, NC Soft, Sony, Disney, Vivendi Universal, Hasbro, and many other game teams and publishers and it has officially supported middleware for Microsoft and Nintendo.[citation needed]

Torque is also used for non-game applications like serious games and virtual worlds. It has been licensed by NASA, L3, Lockheed Martin and it has been used for dozens of virtual worlds applications like Onverse[12] and by IBM for internal and external training simulations.[13] Torque is currently used for education in more than 200 schools and universities worldwide.[14]

Game development[edit]

Title System Release date Genre Ref(s)
Caribbean Hideaway Windows, Macintosh January 23, 2008 Casual [15][16]
Chain Reaction Windows Puzzle [citation needed]
Dark Horizons Lore: Invasion Linux February 11, 2005 Action, mech [17]
Microsoft Windows, Macintosh March 22, 2005 [18]
Realm Wars Windows March 1, 2003 Action [19]
Fallen Empire: Legions Windows 2008 Action [citation needed]
Legions: Overdrive Windows December 20, 2010 Action [citation needed]
Marble Blast Gold Linux May 2, 2002 Platform, puzzle [citation needed]
Macintosh [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Xbox Live Arcade [citation needed]
Marble Blast Ultra Xbox 360, Windows January 25, 2006 Platform, puzzle [citation needed]
Rack'em Up Roadtrip Windows Sport [citation needed]
Rokkitball Windows April 2008 Action, sport [citation needed]
Think Tanks Windows 2005 Action [20]
Xbox Live Arcade [21]
Z.A.P. Windows March 2008 Action [22]


  1. ^ "IAC/InterActiveCorp Takes Game Designer Stake". Wall Street Journal. 2007-09-18. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  2. ^ "Barry Diller's Web Gaming Play". 20 September 2007.
  3. ^ "IAC's Grand Acquisitor". Fast Company. 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  4. ^ "Lou Castle to Head Up InstantAction as New CEO". Archived from the original on 2012-02-19. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  5. ^ "November Update | Eric Preisz | Blogs | Community |". Retrieved 2012-06-17.
  6. ^ "Welcome Back GarageGames!". 2011-01-20. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  7. ^ "Torque Game Engine - Engine Details".
  8. ^ O'Conner, Alice (2012-09-11). "Torque 3D engine going open-source and free". Shacknews. Retrieved 2023-03-20.
  9. ^ "GarageGames to Release T3D as Open Source". 2012-09-20.
  10. ^ "It's here! The MIT licensed Torque 3D GitHub repo is ready!".
  11. ^ "Products : Torque : Powered". . GarageGames. 2006-09-21. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  12. ^ "The World is your Playground with Onverse". 2009-08-31. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  13. ^ "Blog Archive » The IBM Innovate Quick internal metaverse project". eightbar. 2007-05-08. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  14. ^ "Solutions : Education". . GarageGames. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  15. ^ "Caribbean Hideaway for PC - GameRankings". Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  16. ^ "Twintale Finds Gold with TGB and Match-3 | Deborah M. Fike | Blogs | Community |". Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  17. ^ "Satisfy Your Hardcore Gaming Urges with DH:Lore Invasion on Linspire". 11 February 2005. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  18. ^ "DH: Lore Invasion Brings the Battle to GarageGames". 22 March 2005. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  19. ^ "Realm Wars for PC - IGN". Retrieved 2017-05-11.
  20. ^ "ThinkTanks". IGN.
  21. ^ "GarageGames Acquires BraveTree". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  22. ^ "Z.a.p. - Ign". IGN.

External links[edit]