Garbage performing in 2015
|Origin||Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.|
|Years active||1993–2005, 2007, 2010–present|
Garbage is an American rock band formed in Madison, Wisconsin, in 1993. The band consists of Scottish singer and musician Shirley Manson and American musicians Duke Erikson, Steve Marker, and Butch Vig. All four members are involved in songwriting and production. Garbage has sold over 17 million albums worldwide.
The band's eponymous debut album was critically acclaimed upon its release, selling over four million copies and achieving double platinum certification in the UK, US and Australia. It was accompanied by a string of increasingly successful singles from 1995 to 1996, including "Stupid Girl" and "Only Happy When It Rains". Follow-up Version 2.0, released in 1998 after a year in production, was equally successful, topping the UK Albums Chart and receiving two Grammy Award nominations. Garbage followed this by performing and co-producing the theme song to the nineteenth James Bond film The World Is Not Enough (1999).
Despite critical acclaim, Garbage's third album Beautiful Garbage failed to match the commercial success achieved by its predecessors. Garbage quietly disbanded amidst the troubled production of their fourth album Bleed Like Me, but regrouped to complete the album, which was released in 2005 and peaked at a career-high number four in the US. The band cut short their concert tour of Bleed Like Me, announcing an "indefinite hiatus", emphasizing that they had not broken up, but wished to pursue personal interests. The hiatus was briefly interrupted in 2007, when Garbage recorded new tracks for their greatest hits retrospective Absolute Garbage. Garbage ultimately reunited in 2011, and self-released 2012's Not Your Kind of People to positive reviews via their label Stunvolume. Their sixth album Strange Little Birds was released in 2016.
Formation and early years (1993–1994)
Duke Erikson and Butch Vig had been in several bands, including Spooner and Fire Town (with Steve Marker as a sound engineer). In 1983, Vig and Marker founded Smart Studios in Madison and Vig's production work brought him to the attention of Sub Pop. Spooner reunited in 1990 and released another record, but disbanded in 1993 as Vig and Marker's career as producers gained strength. In 1994, as Vig become "kind of burned out on doing really long records," he got together with Erikson and Marker, and they started doing remixes for acts such as U2, Depeche Mode, Nine Inch Nails, and House of Pain. The remixes featured different instrumentation, and often highlighting new guitar hooks and bass grooves. This experience inspired the three men to form a band, where they "wanted to take that remix sensibility and somehow translate it into all of the possibilities of a band setup."
According to Vig, the team drew inspiration for its name from a hostile early comment, when a friend of the band heard recording material, probably for "Vow" and groaned, "This shit sounds like garbage!" However, according to This Is The Noise That Keeps Me Awake, an autobiography of the band, Vig wrote in his 1993 studio journal about the creative process; of working for long periods of time, "without coming up with anything cool... and when you least expect it, it all falls into place." The name derives from the last line of this entry: "I hope that all this garbage will become something beautiful!".
Initial sessions with Vig on vocals, along with the members' past work with all-male groups, led to the band's desire for a woman on lead. Vig declared that they wanted to find a female vocalist like "Debbie Harry, Patti Smith, Chrissie Hynde and Siouxsie Sioux – all really strong, unique personalities". Marker and Vig desired someone "who didn't have a high, chirpy, girly quality to her voice" and who could sing in an understated way, in contrast to "these alterna-rock singers [that] have a tendency to scream". Marker was watching 120 Minutes when he saw the music video for Angelfish's "Suffocate Me". He showed the video to Erikson and Vig while their manager Shannon O'Shea tracked down the band's singer, Shirley Manson. When Manson was contacted, she did not know who Vig was and was urged to check the credits on Nevermind, the popular Nirvana album which Vig produced.
On 8 April 1994, Manson met Erikson, Marker, and Vig for the first time in London. Later that evening Vig was informed of Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain's suicide. Garbage was put on hold until Angelfish was finished touring North America in support of Live. Erikson, Marker, and Vig attended the Metro Chicago date, and Manson was invited to Madison to audition for the band. The audition did not go well, but Manson socialized with the men while there and they found they had a similar taste in music. Angelfish disbanded at the end of the Live tour. Manson called O'Shea and asked to audition again, feeling that "it could work out".
Manson described her first session with the band as "a disaster", as she had no experience as a session player, and she and the band were "two parties totally uncomfortable with the situation", but the "mutual disdain" from that meeting managed to pull the band together. The first songs were skeletal versions of the songs "Stupid Girl", "Queer" and "Vow", which led to some ad-libbed lyrics by Manson. Manson had never written a song prior to this session; nevertheless, this time she was invited to join the band. Lyrics were penned at a cabin in the north woods of Wisconsin while the songs were recorded at Smart Studios. Conscious of the grunge genre that had made their names, particularly Vig's, the band made every effort to avoid sounding similar, deliberately striving to make a pop record.
Garbage sent out demo tapes with no bio, to avoid a bidding war over Vig's production history. Garbage signed with Mushroom UK worldwide (excluding North America) and secured the band a Volume magazine compilation inclusion. The only potential candidate for release was "Vow", as it was the only song for which the band had completed production. When released in December, "Vow" began to receive radio airplay on XFM and from Radio 1 DJs Steve Lamacq, John Peel, and Johnnie Walker. Word-of-mouth on "Vow" took the track back to the US. On December 21, Garbage signed to Jerry Moss's label Almo Sounds for North America. Manson was licensed to both Mushroom and Almo by Radioactive Records for a single album, with no compensation from any of Garbage's labels.
Garbage had not considered "Vow" for inclusion on the album or even as a single. Because the exclusive licensing of Volume prevented a full commercial single release, on March 20, 1995, Mushroom issued "Vow" in a limited 7-inch vinyl format through Discordant, a label set up just to launch Garbage. By May, commercial alternative radio in the US had picked up on the track, and it began to receive heavy rotation nationwide. "Vow" debuted on Hot Modern Rock Tracks at No. 39. It climbed gradually over the following weeks, peaking at No. 26 on July. "Vow" bubbled under for two weeks before it spent two weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 staying at No. 97 both weeks.
On 15 August 1995, Garbage debuted on the Billboard 200 at No. 193. In the United Kingdom, its release was preceded by non-album track "Subhuman" and "Only Happy When It Rains" as singles to promote the album instead of "Queer". The album debuted on the UK album chart at No. 12. In Australia, the album debuted at No. 5. "Queer" was quickly released in the UK and Europe, while Garbage began their first tour. Garbage was nominated for Brit Awards for Best New Band and Best International Newcomer.
Garbage toured for the self-titled Garbage throughout 1996. "Only Happy When It Rains" was released as a single in North America; "Stupid Girl" was released to promote European dates. MTV announced that "Only Happy When It Rains" was certified a "Buzz clip", guaranteeing heavy rotation on its network from February 13. "Only Happy" peaked at No. 55 on the Hot 100. "Stupid Girl" received frequent video and radio airplay in the UK and peaked at No. 4, becoming the band's first top 10 hit on the UK Singles Chart and elevated the album to No. 6.
In May, Garbage reworked "Milk" with Tricky in a Chicago recording studio before supporting Smashing Pumpkins on their arena tour until the overdose of Pumpkins keyboardist Jonathan Melvoin. "Stupid Girl" peaked at No. 24 on the Hot 100. Its Top 40 radio remix by Todd Terry received massive airplay.
Garbage Video, a compilation of the album's promotional videos, was released in November 1996. Garbage was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best New Artist, while "Stupid Girl" received two nominations for Best Rock Song and Best Rock Performance By A Duo Or Group.
Worldwide, the final single release from the album was the reworked version of "Milk", which became the band's second UK top 10 hit. The band performed the song live at the MTV Europe Music Awards in London on November 14; Garbage won the Breakthrough award at the event. In North America, Almo Sounds released album track "Supervixen" to Modern Rock radio, while Mushroom Records released a remix of "#1 Crush" in March 1997 as a single from the soundtrack to Romeo + Juliet, which topped the Modern Rock Tracks chart for four weeks from the start of the year; the remix was also featured as the theme for the TV show Hex. "#1 Crush" was later nominated for Best Song From a Movie at the 1997 MTV Movie Awards.
Version 2.0 (1997–2000)
Garbage relocated to Friday Harbor, Washington on March 1, 1997 to write songs for their second album. Returning to Smart Studios a short while later, the band found themselves under intense pressure to repeat the success of Garbage. The band decided not to change their formula, but progress musically by pushing their sound as far as it could go—hence the album's eventual title Version 2.0, which was completed by February 15, 1998. In March, the first single "Push It" became the No. 1 most added record at the UK Alternative Radio. It became their third consecutive UK top ten hit at No. 9.
In May 1998, Version 2.0 debuted at No. 1 in the UK and at No. 13 in the Billboard 200. Garbage began touring Version 2.0 that month, a tour which lasted until the end of 1999. "I Think I'm Paranoid" was released worldwide in July, while the music video for "Push It" received eight nominations at the 1998 MTV Video Music Awards. By October 12, "Special" was released and Garbage was nominated for three MTV Europe Music Awards: "Best Group", "Best Rock Act" and "Best Video" for "Push It".
In early 1999, Version 2.0 received two Grammy Award nominations for Album of the Year and Best Rock Album "Special" was No. 1 most added single at the Top 40 radio. In Europe, Garbage began their biggest headline tour, releasing singles for "When I Grow Up" and "The Trick Is to Keep Breathing". In April, "When I Grow Up" was released to Modern Rock radio. "When I Grow Up" was then featured on the movie Big Daddy. Version 2.0 was awarded the European Platinum Award by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry for 1 million sales across Europe and US. "You Look So Fine" was released as the final single from Version 2.0 worldwide, as Garbage toured Europe, including headlining in Edinburgh to mark the opening of the Scottish Parliament.
On August 4, Garbage was contracted to perform the theme for the James Bond film The World Is Not Enough and worked with composer David Arnold in London and Vancouver. Garbage co-headlined an Australian tour with Alanis Morissette, while "When I Grow Up" spent three months in the Australian chart, becoming the band's most successful single there. "The World Is Not Enough" reached the top 10s in Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway and Finland, as well as the top 40 in Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the UK. "Special" received Grammy nominations for Best Rock Song and for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group, while "When I Grow Up" was re-issued in Europe.
Beautiful Garbage (2001–2002)
Garbage regrouped on April 10, 2001. The group began work on their third record, and put aside plans for a B-sides album due to the sale of Almo Sounds to the UMG. Manson ran an online blog throughout the recording of the album named Beautiful Garbage. During the recording of the album, Garbage invoked a provision of its contract to leave Almo, and sued UMG when it refused to terminate the contract. UMG threatened to use Manson's 1993 solo contract to tie Garbage to the label. The suit was settled on July 29, 2001, and Garbage moved to Interscope. Lead single "Androgyny" was released to radio by the end of August, and its video was released on September 10. The following day, due to the September 11 attacks in New York City and Washington D.C., the promotional schedule for the album was put on hold.
Released three weeks after the September 11 attacks, the album suffered from lack of promotion, mixed reaction from critics and fans alike, and the failure of its lead single "Androgyny" to achieve high chart positions. Despite faltering in major markets, Beautiful Garbage debuted at No. 1 on Billboard's Top Electronic Albums chart where it stayed for 8 weeks, topped the album charts in Australia, and was named one of Rolling Stone's "Top 10 Albums of the Year".
In October, Beautiful Garbage achieved a No. 13 debut on the Billboard 200, as well as reaching No. 6 on the Top Internet Albums chart and topping the Electronic Albums chart for seven weeks. In its first three months on sale, Beautiful Garbage sold 1.2 million copies.
Garbage supported U2 on the third leg of their Elevation Tour. After the last show, Vig contracted Hepatitis A and was replaced by Matt Chamberlain for European dates. In December "Breaking Up the Girl" was released as a single. On December 27, Rolling Stone's US and Australian editions named Beautiful Garbage as one of their critics "Top 10 Albums of the Year".
"Cherry Lips" was released at the end of 2001, becoming a massive hit in Australia, peaking at number seven on the ARIA Charts, and number eleven in the highly influential Triple J Hottest 100, 2001. Sony Music Japan released an exclusive E.P. of rare tracks titled Special Collection.
Bleed Like Me (2003–2005)
Garbage started proper work on their fourth record in March 2003, writing "Right Between the Eyes" in 30 minutes. It was a false start. Recording was halted during the summer when Manson underwent surgery on her right vocal cord and was not given the okay to sing again until August. By October, due to rising tension within the band and a breakdown in communication, Vig relocated to Los Angeles while Manson returned to Scotland. During the Christmas period, Vig decided to give the band another chance, having met excited fans eager to hear how the album was going.
In January 2004 Garbage reconvened in Los Angeles with Dust Brothers' John King, drummer Matt Chamberlain, bassist Justin Meldal-Johnsen, and on February 6, Dave Grohl performed drums on "Bad Boyfriend". His performance was regarded by the band as "raising the bar" for the record. Following the John King sessions, the band formally relocated to Los Angeles and wrote "Metal Heart" and "Boys Wanna Fight", both more energetic than they had been writing and lyrically more "overtly political"; both songs referenced the US and UK-led 2003 invasion of Iraq.
In 2005, lead single "Why Do You Love Me" debuted on the Modern Rock Tracks chart at No. 39. as well as No. 97 and No. 81 on the Billboard Hot 100 and Pop 100 charts respectively, becoming the band's most successful single for six years. Bleed Like Me entered Top 10 in US.
On August 25, 2005 Garbage cancelled their scheduled October tour dates in France, Belgium and United Kingdom. They released a statement that the band had "somewhat overextended themselves" and decided to conclude their tour in Australia on October 1. Ahead of the Australian tour, "Sex Is Not The Enemy" was released to Australian radio. The end of the tour marked the end of active promotion for Bleed Like Me. The band confirmed that they were going "on indefinite hiatus" to dispel reports of a split. "We were barely even speaking," Manson later admitted. "We didn't want to talk to anyone outside of the band about the problems we were having with our career, so of course it turned into this whole passive-aggressive thing between us. I just wanted to get the fuck out of there and go home."
Absolute Garbage (2007)
Garbage ended their 18-month hiatus on January 31, 2007, at a benefit show in Glendale, California, organised by Vig to help pay musician Wally Ingram's medical care following treatment for throat cancer. Prior to this, Garbage had been sharing song ideas via the internet and were keen on getting into the recording studio to complete them. Garbage began work on the new songs in earnest during February and March at Vig's home studio, completing four tracks including "Tell Me Where It Hurts", which was released as the album's lead single.
Absolute Garbage was released in July, remastered and including a special edition bonus remix package. A DVD format rounded out the package; among the fifteen Garbage music videos included was a documentary film titled "Thanks For Your, Uhhh Support" featuring backstage and behind-the-scenes footage, live performances and interviews. A Garbage track called "Witness to Your Love" was released on a charity, "limited availability," compilation in the US. The release was available from Urban Outfitters from Wednesday, October 15, 2008, to Thursday, January 31, 2009, and went on radio in the US on October 17.
Not Your Kind of People (2010–2012)
On February 1, 2010, it was confirmed through Shirley Manson's official Facebook profile that she spent a week in the studio with her bandmates. In the post, Manson wrote "Guess who I just spent a week in the studio with? Would you be pleased if I said one of them was called Steve and one of them was called Duke and another was a Grammy-winning producer?" In October 2010, it was officially confirmed that Garbage were recording their fifth studio album. In an interview with Jason Tanamor, Duke stated in regard to the band reuniting after seven years, "It’s kind of amazing we all happen to be in the right place at the same time. I don’t know. The stars were aligned or something. It was quite coincidental we were all on the same page and ready to give it another go."
On September 17, 2011, the band clarified that their forthcoming 11-track LP would be mixed by October 17, while another 12 songs would be finalized by the end of the year and see release as "b-sides, extra tracks and maybe one might even come your way simply as a Christmas present from Garbage as a thank you to you all for sticking around," though this did not materialize.
The band announced to Billboard that their fifth studio album would be released independently of any major label support. On January 6, 2012, the band announced that they had entered Red Razor Studios in Glendale, California to record bonus material for their forthcoming album, later confirming on Twitter that a further five tracks were being worked on, including the new title "What Girls Are Made Of." Not Your Kind of People was released on May 14, 2012, to generally positive reviews. The album reached number 13 on the Billboard 200, and number 10 on the UK Albums Chart. The band supported the album with the year-long Not Your Kind of People World Tour. The song Not Your Kind of People was used in a trailer for the video game, Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain.
Record Store Day releases (2013–2015)
Garbage and Screaming Females recorded a cover of "Because the Night" for Record Store Day 2013. They released a video directed by Sophie Muller. The band released their first live DVD, One Mile High... Live, in May 2013. Shirley Manson confirmed that they would release two new songs for Record Store Day on April 19, 2014. "Girls Talk", an out-take from the Absolute Garbage sessions, was re-recorded to include vocals from Brody Dalle, and was backed by an out-take from the Not Your Kind of People sessions, "Time Will Destroy Everything".
In 2014, Manson confirmed that the band is working on a book, and noted that the next record would be her "romance novel". On January 23, 2015, Garbage confirmed on their Facebook page that they completed two new songs for Record Store Day 2015; "The Chemicals", which features vocals from Brian Aubert of Silversun Pickups, was released on April 18, 2015. The band played the Pa’l Norte Rock Festival in Monterrey, Mexico, on April 25, 2015.
On October 2, 2015, the band released the Deluxe Edition of their debut album, in commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the album. The album was remastered from the original tapes, and all b-sides (called G-sides on the album), were included. During the 20 Years Queer tour, Vig announced that mixing of the new album would be finished by February 1, 2016, and that it would be promoted by a world tour beginning in the summer.
Strange Little Birds (2016–2018)
On February 6, 2016 Garbage stated on their Facebook page that mixing was almost done: "Our new record is an inch away, just an inch away from being done. And I do mean an inch away from being completely done. Recorded. Mixed. And soon to be mastered." Vig also confirmed the title of a new song, "Even Though Our Love is Doomed". Three days later, Garbage announced that they had completed the album. Strange Little Birds, the band's sixth studio album, was released on June 10, 2016.
Version 2.0: 20th Anniversary and new album (2018–present)
The band announced that in May 2018 the band will release a 20th anniversary edition of their second album Version 2.0 in a similar fashion to the 20th anniversary edition of their self-titled debut album. The anniversary edition will also see Garbage commit to touring for this celebration which is expected to take place towards the end of 2018. As of March 2018, Garbage is also working on a new studio album which, according to Shirley Manson, is due for a 2020 release.
Garbage's intention is to make pop-like songs which mix a variety of genres, with Steve Marker saying that the band wanted to "take pop music and make it as horrible sounding as we can." These genres include trip hop, grunge, 1980s rock music, techno, power pop and shoegazing. Shirley Manson has stated that the band itself "used to describe [their sound] as sci-fi pop, because we felt it was taking a futuristic approach." Vig has said the crossover-heavy sound was inspired by the band's background with remixes, where songs would be rearranged to every musical style to which they held interest, and also that he "grew up listening to everything from pop radio and opera to country music and polka, so I really thought that Garbage would be an interesting and eclectic thing to do." Lindsay Zoladz of Pitchfork notes Garbage prevailed in the glory days of alternative-rock "probably because their sound was a hectic amalgamation of almost everything that mingled on the format's airwaves: electronica, punk, industrial rock, grunge, and the occasional trip-hop". Likewise, Vice wrote that from their singular concoctions of styles like trip hop, grunge, rock, techno, and shoegaze, Garbage "has forged a kind of queasy originality" in the search of "a kind of perverse beauty".
Garbage has been inspired by The Velvet Underground, Iggy & The Stooges, T. Rex, Roxy Music, The Pretenders, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Blondie, Curve, Cocteau Twins, Patti Smith, The Smashing Pumpkins and David Bowie.
- Duke Erikson – guitar, bass, keyboards
- Shirley Manson – vocals, guitar, keyboards
- Steve Marker – guitars, keyboards
- Butch Vig – drums, percussion
- Eric Avery – bass, guitar, keyboards (2005–present)
- Daniel Shulman – bass (1995–2002)
- Matthew Walker – drums (2002, 2017, 2019) – freelance for Vig
- Matt Chamberlain – drums (2002) – freelance for Vig
Awards and nominations
- Garbage tour (1995–1996)
- Version 2.0 tour (1998–1999)
- Beautiful Garbage tour (2001–2002)
- Bleed Like Me tour (2005)
- Not Your Kind of People tour (2012–2013)
- 20 Years Queer tour (2015)
- Strange Little Birds tour (2016)
- Rage and Rapture tour (with Blondie) (2017)
- 20 Years Paranoid (2018)
- Destroying Angels (2019)
- Studio albums
- Garbage (1995)
- Version 2.0 (1998)
- Beautiful Garbage (2001)
- Bleed Like Me (2005)
- Not Your Kind of People (2012)
- Strange Little Birds (2016)
- McLean, Craig (April 29, 2012). "Shirley Manson interview: Breaking up the garbage girl". The Guardian.
- Henry, Dusty (September 20, 2015). "Garbage – Garbage (20th Anniversary Edition)". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
- Quick, Quentin (July 3, 2017). "Shirley Manson Does Not Think Garbage is a Grunge Band". SFWeekly. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
- Harrington, Richard (October 24, 1998). "Fresh Garbage". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- Jim Forbes (narrator) (March 31, 2002). "Garbage". Behind The Music. VH1.
- Baltin, Steve. "Garbage Might Be The Coolest Band In Rock". Forbes. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- "Version 2.0 press release" (Press release). Mushroom Records. March 30, 1998.
- Freydkin, Donna. "Getting dirty with Garbage". CNN. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- "Beautiful Garbage press release" (Press release). Mushroom Records. July 27, 2001.
- Breaking Up the Girl, Hits trade ad
- "Bleed Like Me press release" (Press release). Geffen Records. February 21, 2005.
- Murphy, Peter S. (2008). Absolute Garbage biography.
- "Shirley Manson On Garbage Hiatus: 'I'm Burnt, I'm Done, I'm Toast' says singer". MTV.com. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Dear worried and confused". Garbage.com. Archived from the original on February 10, 2008. Retrieved 24 February 2008.
- "Garbage End Sabbatical for Benefit Show". Music.AOL.com. Archived from the original on October 22, 2007. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Garbage announce London comeback show and festival appearances". NME. January 30, 2012.
- "Welcome to Spooner Town", by Andy Davis, Record Collector, issue No. 209, January 1997
- Buskin, Richard (March 1997). "BUTCH VIG: Nevermind The Garbage". Sound on Sound. Archived from the original on September 26, 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- Garbage (Musical group) (2017). This is the noise that keeps me awake. Cohen, Jason. Brooklyn, NY. ISBN 978-1617755507. OCLC 959035520.
- "Garbage Interview". Volume (12). November 1, 1994. Archived from the original on October 14, 1999. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- Bosso, Joe (October 8, 2015). "Butch Vig: The 10 Records That Changed My Life". Loudersound.com. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
- Gardner, Elysa (December 17, 1995). "POP MUSIC : Beyond the Pail : How to turn Garbage into gold". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "Thanks For Your, Uhh Support, Absolute Garbage DVD. Retrieved 2008-02-24
- Tony Barrell (May 17, 1998). "Shirley Bossy". The Sunday Times. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- Borzillo, Carrie (March 23, 1996). Garbage's Serendipitous Success; Popularity Falls into Place for Almo Act. Los Angeles: Billboard. pp. 9, 97.
- "Making Music June 1, 1996 issue". Retrieved 2008-02-24
- "Garbage press release, published by Mushroom Records, dated September 19, 1995. Retrieved 2008-02-24
- "Melody Maker, September 30, 1995 issue". Retrieved 2008-02-24
- "Record Collector No. 209". Retrieved 2008-02-24
- Schumacher-Rasmussen, Eric (November 1, 1995). "Taking Out the Garbage". City Pages. Archived from the original on October 1, 2010. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
- Pareles, Jon (November 18, 1995). "ROCK IN REVIEW". The New York Times. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
- 153 F.Supp.2d 462 RADIOACTIVE, J.V., Plaintiff, v. Shirley MANSON, Defendant. No. 01 Civ.1948 (SAS). United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. (July 29, 2001)
- "Garbage May 1999 news". CafeMomo.com. Archived from the original on December 10, 2003. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Musician issue 01/01/96" Retrieved - 2008-02-24
- ""Only Happy When It Rains" sell-in sheet (issued September 1995)" Retrieved 2008-02-24
- "Garbage advance Almo Sounds promo disc sleeve notes". Retrieved 2008-02-24
- "Garbage "Vow"". Billboard.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- Garbage "Vow" - Billboard Bubbling Under Hot 100 Listing For The Week Of July 15, 1995. Billboard. July 22, 1995. p. 75. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Music Week issue 25/04/05" (Retrieved - 2008-02-24)
- "Version 2.0 Repackage Mushroom Records Point-of-Sale brochure" (Retrieved - 2008-02-24)
- "Garbage Nominated For Two BRIT Awards". Kerrang!. January 1996.
- "NME "The Filth Amendment" 03/15/1996". Garbage.net. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Garbage "Only Happy When It Rains" Hot 100 Airplay Listing For The Week of April 6, 1996". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 20, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "beautifulgarbage promotional history press release" (Retrieved - 2008-02-24)
- ""Stupid Girl" Hot 100 Listing For The Week of June 22, 1996". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 18, 2008. Retrieved February 6, 2008.
- ""Hits (Stupid Girl trade ad)"" | (Retrieved - 2008-02-24)
- "Garbage November 1996 news". Cafemomo.com. Archived from the original on November 3, 1999. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Listings for October 1996 Modern Rock Radio". Promoonly.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Garbage Fast Facts". Garbage.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2000. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Single Chart History: Garbage". Billboard.com. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Garth Stays On Top". Yahoo! News. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Garbage Grabs A Donut At VMAs Despite Eight Nominations". MTV News. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Entertainment All Saints top MTV nominations". BBC News. October 1, 1998. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- "41st annual Grammy nominees and winners". CNN Showbiz. Archived from the original on January 29, 2008. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- ""Hits ("Special" trade ad)"" | (Retrieved - 2008-02-24)
- ""Hits ("When I Grow Up" trade ad)"" (Retrieved - 2008-02-24)
- "It's official: Garbage lands song". IanFleming.org. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
- "You Look So Fine press release" (Press release). FMR. Accessed 2008-02-24.
- Garbage Sue Universal, Rolling Stone
- Beautifulgarbage. point-of-sale brochure. Interscope Records. Accessed 2008-02-24.
- "Garbage interview". Kerrang!. EMap. January 2002.
- "Thanks For The, Uhhh, Support Documentary" (Retrieved - 2007-12-11)
- "Garbage (Timeline)". RockOnTheNet.com. Retrieved December 11, 2007.
- "Breaking Up the Girl Hits magazine trade ad" (Retrieved - 2007-12-11)
- "Ja Rule Feeling No 'Pain' With No. 1 Bow". AllBusiness.com (originally published by Billboard). Retrieved December 14, 2007.
- Music Week trade advertisement. Mushroom Records/Infectious/Perfecto. December 2001.
- "Elevation Third Leg 2001". U2Tours.com. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "BeautifulGarbage". SonyMusic.Co.Jp. Archived from the original on April 11, 2004. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- "Bleed Like Me press release" (Press release). Geffen.com. 2003. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- "08.04.03 Studio Diary". Garbage.com. Archived from the original on May 8, 2005. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- "10.17.03 Studio Diary No. 10". Garbage.com. Archived from the original on February 2, 2009. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- "Butch Vig as quoted on Bleed Like Me Electronic Press Kit" (Retrieved - 2008-02-24)
- "01.26.04 Studio Diary No. 13". Garbage.com. Archived from the original on February 2, 2009. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- "Garbage Drumming!!!". NME News. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Garbage returns to Modern Rock Chart". GarbageDiscoBox.com. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Mariah Carey Frees 50 Cent From Billboard's No. 1 Spot". MTV News. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "IMPORTANT TOUR NEWS". Garbage.com. Archived from the original on November 12, 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- "Festival Mushroom Records - Artists". FMRecords.com.au. Archived from the original on December 11, 2005. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Shirley Manson On Garbage Hiatus: 'I'm Burnt, I'm Done, I'm Toast' says singer". MTV News. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
- Rees, Paul: "The world is not enough"; Classic Rock #216, November 2015, p81
- "Garbage, Raitt Lead Benefit For Veteran Drummer". Billboard.com. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Garbage Interview". TheScene.com.au. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "New Best Of Album". Garbage.com. Archived from the original on December 31, 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- the Garbage Discography - News - Blog Archive » New Garbage - Witness to Your Love Archived October 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Talk Radio Show News for AM, FM, and HD Radio Stations". Allaccess.com. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- "Good Golly Grammy's". Facebook. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- "Singer Manson introduces new husband to students in Paisley". Herald Scotland. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
- "Garbage Joins Evanescence and Smashing Pumpkins in Amazing Musical Comebacks. - Interview". Zoiksonline.com. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- Garbage: "To Clarify a Point" Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Mapes, Jillian (October 19, 2011). "Butch Vig: Garbage's Hiatus Cleared Members' 'Baggage'". Billboard. New York City. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- "Were back at Red Razor recording bonus tracks!" www.facebook.com. Access date: January 12, 2012.
- "The 5 extra tracks we are working on are beginning to sound sooooo good." Twitter.com, accessdate: January 12, 2012.
- "Not Your Kind of People – Garbage". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- "Garbage Score Top 20 Return". antimusic.com. May 31, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- Jones, Alan (May 21, 2012). "Official Charts Analysis: UK suffers lowest album sales week since 1996". Music Week. Intent Media. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- "Metal Gear Solid V Is Official - FOX vs. XOF [UPDATE: Trailer added]". Kotaku. March 27, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- "Garbage unveil new song "The Chemicals" featuring Silversun Pickups' Brian Aubert". Consequence of Sound. April 16, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- "See Garbage and Screaming Females Record Patti Smith's 'Because the Night'". Spin. April 17, 2013. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- "Garbage to Release Live DVD, "One Mile High…Live", in May". New Rock 101.9. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- Welcome Back... Garbage, by Malcome Dome, published in Classic Rock magazine, August 2007 issue
- "Girls Talk Shit". Butch Vig & Billy Bush at GearSlutz. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- "Girls Talk Shit -Facebook announcement". Facebook. March 9, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- "Shirley Manson - NO TOFU MAGAZINE". No Tofu. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
- "Garbage - OFFICIAL. We see land.We have two new songs done and dusted for Record Store Day". Garbage via Facebook. January 23, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- "Hear Garbage's Record Store Day Collaboration With Silversun Pickups' Brian Aubert". Spin. April 16, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- "Garbage - Ladies and Gentlemen, It is with great pleasure that we..." Garbage on Facebook. January 23, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- "Garbage 20th Anniversary in full". Garbagediscobox.com. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
- "Garbage @ 013 - Tilburg (NL) - 04.11.2015 - 20 Years Queer". YouTube. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- "Our new record is an inch away, just an inch away from..." Garbage via Facebook. February 5, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- "We have just delivered our 6th Studio Record". Garbage via Facebook. February 7, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- Getz, Dana (February 23, 2016). "Garbage announce new album title". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Garbage plan to release new album in 2019". Consequence of Sound. March 1, 2018. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
- Fishsticks, Angel (May 14, 2012). "Garbage - Not Your Kind of People". Vice. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
- Erbentraut, Joseph (August 1, 2012). "Shirley Manson, Garbage Frontwoman, Reflects On Band's Midwest Roots, Pop Music Today". HuffPost. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
- Cinquemani, Sal (July 19, 2007). "Garbage - Absolute Garbage". Slant Magazine. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
- "Garbage: After An Absence, Always The Oddball". NPR. May 22, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
- More than a Woman, Spin
- Zoladz, Lindsay. "Garbage: Not Your Kind of People". Pitchfork.
Garbage reigned in the late-period glory days of alternative-rock radio, probably because their sound was a hectic amalgamation of almost everything that mingled on the format's airwaves: electronica, punk, industrial rock, grunge, and the occasional trip-hop
- Fishsticks, Angel (May 14, 2012). "Garbage - Not Your Kind of People". Vice. Retrieved September 22, 2014.
- "Trivia Butch Vig". absolutegarbage.net. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
Butch was chairperson of the official Madison Roxy Music Fan Club at the University of Wisconsin[permanent dead link]
- Dave Simpson. "Rebellious Jukebox". Melody Maker (28 March 1998).
- Shirley Manson (foreword) and Mark Paytress (2003). Siouxsie & the Banshees: The Authorised Biography. Sanctuary. p. 27. ISBN 1-86074-375-7.
- "Garbage - Similar Artists, Influenced By, Followers - AllMusic".
- "Shirley Manson". Ladygunn. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- "Shirley Manson: 'The new Garbage record is inspired by David Bowie, Siouxsie Sioux, Cocteau Twins' | News". Nme.Com. April 3, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- "Guest Selector: Shirley Manson". Theskinny.co.uk. June 29, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- "Rage and Rapture Tour!". garbage.com. Retrieved July 7, 2017.
- "Blondie and Garbage Kick Off "Rage and Rapture Tour"". blondie.net. Retrieved July 7, 2017.
- "20 Years Paranoid". garbagediscobox.com. Archived from the original on October 3, 2017. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
- "Ticket sell for 20 years paranoid". garbagediscobox.com.
- Buckley, Peter (2003). The Rough guide to rock : the definitive guide to more than 1200 artists and bands. Rough Guides. ISBN 1843531054.
- Simpson, Paul (2003). The Rough Guide to Cult Pop: The Songs - The Artists - The Genres - The Dubious Fashions. Rough Guides. ISBN 1843532298.
| James Bond title song performer