The Eighth Garchen Rinpoche (Tib. མགར་ཆེན་རིན་པོ་ཆེ་, Wyl. mgar chen rin po che), also called Garchen Triptrul Rinpoche (Tib. མགར་ཆེན་ཁྲི་སྤྲུལ་རིན་པོ་ཆེ་, Wyl. mgar chen khri sprul rin po che), is a Tibetan Buddhist teacher in the Drikung Kagyu lineage. Born 1936 in Nangchen, Kham, he is believed to be an incarnation of Siddha Gar Chodingpa, a heart-disciple of Jigten Sumgön, founder of the Drikung Kagyu lineage in the thirteenth century CE. He is also believed to have incarnated as Mahasiddha Aryadeva in ancient India - the lotus-born disciple of Nagarjuna himself. He was known as Lonpo Gar, the minister of Tibetan dharma king Songtsen Gampo in the seventh century CE.
Garchen Rinpoche was seven years old he when he was brought to Lho Miyal Monastery and given the ordination name of Könchok Gyaltsen (Tib. དཀོན་མཆོག་རྒྱལ་མཚན་, Wyl. dkon mchog rgyal mtshan). There he was recognized by the former Drikung Kyabgon Zhiwe Lodro where he was instructed by Siddha Chime Dorje.
When he was 22 he was imprisoned by the Chinese for 20 years and put in a labor camp during the Cultural Revolution. During that time he met with Khenpo Munsel who became his root guru. Khenpo Munsel was a Nyingma master who taught him during the whole 20 years of his imprisonment. During that time, while enduring the labor camp hardships, Garchen Rinpoche kept on practicing in secret, according to his guru's instructions until he achieved the wisdom-mind which Khenpo Musel called "an emanation of a Bodhisattva".
Garchen Rinpoche was released from prison in 1979. As soon as he was released, he took it upon himself to rebuild the Drikung Kagyu monasteries, reestablish the Buddhist teachings, and build two boarding schools for local children in eastern Tibet.
Garchen Rinpoche first came to North America in 1997, teaching in Canada and the United States.
Current activities and expertise
Garchen Rinpoche is the founder and spiritual director of the Garchen Buddhist Institute in Chino Valley, Arizona, the Drikung Mahayana Center in North Potomac, Maryland and Gar Drolma Choling in Dayton, Ohio. Rinpoche is also the spiritual director of many other Dharma centers and teaches throughout North America, Asia, and Europe. Starting in 2020, because of his age, Rinpoche stopped traveling to different Dharma centers all over the world, and retired at his main seat, the Garchen Buddhist Institute. He has been giving teachings and holding Dharma events there since then, including online streaming for these.
Rinpoche is a master of dzogchen, the fivefold practice Mahamudra, the Six Yogas of Naropa, and the preliminary practices (Tib. ngöndro). He widely promotes Thogme Zangpo's Thirty-Seven Practices of a Bodhisattva and White Tara practice.
- "His Eminence Garchen Rinpoche". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
- Farber, Don; Rebecca McClen Novick (2005). Portraits of Tibetan Buddhist Masters. University of California Press. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-520-23973-9.
- Chhosphel, Samten (March 2013). "Khenpo Munsel". The Treasury of Lives: Biographies of Himalayan Religious Masters. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
- Ettenborough, Kelly (2003). Arizona's Sanctuaries, Retreats, and Sacred Places. Big Earth Publishing. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-56579-438-2.
- Staff. "Garchen Buddhist Institute - Resources for the Sangha: Affiliated Centers". Garchen Buddhist Institute. Archived from the original on 11 January 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
- The Gargon Committee (30 April 2019). "ORIGINAL ANNOUNCEMENT". Garchen Buddhist Institute.
- "White Tara Practice with H.E. Garchen Rinpoche". Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2010.