Garci Álvarez de Toledo

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Cross of the Order of Santiago.

Garci Álvarez de Toledo y Meneses was a Spanish noble of the House of Oropesa. He was the Grand Master of the Order of Santiago from 1359 to 1366.

Family origins[edit]

Garci was from the prestigious House of Oropesa. He was the son of Garci Álvarez de Toledo,[1] the head Alcalde of Toledo, and Mencía Téllez de Meneses y Gómez. He was the brother of Gutierre Álvarez de Toledo, bishop of Palencia and cardinal and chancellor of the Queen Juana Manuel. He was also the brother of Fernán Álvarez de Toledo y Meneses, Marshall of Castile.

Marriage and descendants[edit]

Garci married Estefanía de Monroy, but had no children with her. He did however, have an illegitimate son with Catalina de Loaysa, Fernán Álvarez de Toledo y Loaysa.[2][3] Some historians suggest the possibility that Garci eventually married in secret with Catalina.[4][5]

Biography[edit]

Garci served the king Peter of Castile, being named head Mayordomo of his son Alonso. In 1359 he was named Grand Master of the Order of Santiago after the assassination of Fadrique Alfonso de Castilla.[6]

In 1366, Garci was involved in the war between Henry II of Castile and of Peter of Castile. King Peter went to Sevilla, leaving the defense of Toledo to Garci.[7][8]

Most of the nobility in Toledo pledged loyalty to Henry II. Garci, unable to defend the city properly, was made to surrender the Grand Mastership to Gonzalo Mexía (who already exercised that title in the court of Henry II), in exchange for the title of Conde of Oropesa and Valdecorneja.[9][10][11]

Death[edit]

Garci died in 1370 during the Castilian siege of Ciudad Rodrigo which was defended by the Portuguese forces of Ferdinand I of Portugal during the Ferdinand Wars. His estate at Oropesa was inherited by his son Fernán Álvarez de Toledo y Loaysa. His estate and title at Valdecorneja went to his brother Fernán Álvarez de Toledo y Meneses, beginning the bloodline of the Dukes of Alba.[12][13][14]

Preceded by
Fadrique Alfonso de Castilla
Cross Santiago.svg
Grand Master of the Order of Santiago

1359–1366
Succeeded by
Gonzalo Mejía de Virués

References[edit]

  1. ^ Francisco Piferrer: Nobiliario de los reinos y señorios de España, vol. III, pág. 86, nombra a su padre como Illán Pérez de Toledo.
  2. ^ Juan Miguel Soler Salcedo: Nobleza Española. Grandeza Inmemorial 1520, pág. 476.
  3. ^ Augusto de Burgos: Blasón de España: libro de oro de su nobleza, pág. 292.
  4. ^ José Manuel Trelles Villademoros: Asturias ilustrada: primitivo origen de la nobleza de España, tomo III, pág. 374.
  5. ^ Pedro de Rojas: Discursos ilustres, historicos i genealogicos, cap. IV, § IV.
  6. ^ Francisco de Rades y Andrada: Chronica de las tres ordenes y caballerias de Santiago, Calatrava y Alcántara, fo. 50.
  7. ^ Salvador de Moxó: El auge de la nobleza urbana de Castilla, incluido en el boletín de la RAH, vol. CLXXVIII, págs. 484-486.
  8. ^ Pedro Salazar de Mendoza: Origen de las dignidades seglares de Castilla y Leon, libro II, cap. IV, lo menciona con el título de alcaide de Toledo.
  9. ^ Pedro Barrantes Maldonado: Ilustraciones de la casa de Niebla, incluido en Memorial histórico español, vol. IX, págs. 436-437, menciona que el señorío de Oropesa pertenecía por entonces a la ciudad de Ávila.
  10. ^ Pedro López de Ayala: Crónica del rey Don Pedro, cap. VIII.
  11. ^ Alonso Núñez de Castro: Crónica del rey Don Pedro.
  12. ^ Juan de Mariana: Historia general de España, libro XVII, cap. VIII.
  13. ^ Jerónimo de Sosa: Noticia de la gran Casa de los Marqueses de Villafranca, pág. 227.
  14. ^ Miguel Salvá Munar: Árbol genealógico de los señores de Valdecorneja, incluido en CODOIN, vol. XVI, pág. 285.