Garcia de Noronha

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Dom Garcia de Noronha (1479 in Lisbon – 3 April 1540 in Cochin) was a Portuguese nobleman. He was great-great-grandson of King Ferdinand I of Portugal, was the third viceroy and tenth governor of Portuguese India.[1][2]

D. Garcia de Noronha, 3rd Viceroy of India

As far as his life is reconstructed, Garcia de Noronha comes from noble proportions, his father Dom Fernando de Noronha, was member of the Crown Council of Portugal, as Mayor of the Palace. As a young nobleman he frequented regularly the royal court. After the death of his father, he became gentleman of the Board of Manuel I and João III, captain-general of Cartaxo, young nobleman and knight of the royal house. He served in North Africa and went to India for the first time in 1511 as chief captain of a fleet of six ships. On that voyage, he is reported to have sighted the island of Saint Helena, that his pilots entered onto their charts[3]. This event was likely decisive in leading to the utilization of the island as a regular stopover for rest and replenishment for ships en route from India to Europe, from that date until well into the seventeenth century.

He was married to Inês de Castro (a sister of D. João de Castro who was later to become the fourth viceroy of Portuguese India); with her he had four children. Moreover, he was a nephew of Afonso de Albuquerque.

He was a successor to the governor-general Nuno da Cunha, nominated by a royal decree of 18 March 1538 as Viceroy of Estado da Índia by King João III. On 6 April 1538 he landed in India. During his reign he promoted the settlement of missionaries on Celebes Islands and Macassar. He issued a temporary ban on the construction of mainly Hindu and Buddhist temples within Portuguese India.

Dom Garcia died before the end of his mandate as viceroy on April 3, 1540, in Cochin and is buried in the chancel of the Cathedral of Goa.

In Cascais (São Domingos de Rana) a street is named after him.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Garcia de Noronha - Lisboa, Portugal, waymarking.com, recovered 21 March 2014
  2. ^ List of Viceroys and Governors of Portuguese India, recovered 21 March 2014
  3. ^ Disney, A. R. (2016). The Portuguese in India and other studies, 1500-1700 (XVII - The Portuguese and Saint Helena). Routledge. pp. 217–219. ISBN 978-1-138-49378-0.