Republican Guard (Albania)

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Republican Guard of Albania
Garda e Republikës
Garda e Republikës.svg
Standard of the Republican Guard of Albania
Active 1928 — present
Country  Albania
Allegiance Albanian Police; Albanian Armed Forces
Branch Independent
Type Republican guard
Role
  • Protection of Personalities and Objects of Special Importance
  • Ceremonial Guard
Headquarters Tirana
Anniversaries June, 24
Website http://garda.gov.al
Commanders
Commander-in-chief Gramos Sako

The Republican Guard (Albanian: Garda e Republikës) is a militarized government agency of Albania, tasked with the protection of several, mandated by the relevant law, high-ranking state officials, including the President of Albania, as well as certain national properties, high-ranking foreign visitors and diplomatic offices. It is mostly subordinated to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, with only the part responsible for the incumbent president's security being under the authority of the President of Albania.[1]

The Guard was established on 24 June 1928 as a part of Albanian Armed Forces. The current commander in charge is General Gramos Sako.[2][3]

History[edit]

Royal Guard (1928 - 1939)[edit]

Xhemal Aranitasi and King Zog I

The Guard of the Republic was estabilished as a necessity in the late 1920s when President Ahmet Zogu (later King Zog I) demanded the reorganization of the Albanian Armed Forces and the creation of a special unit, separated by Militias and Gendarmerie, upon which its main duty would be to protect the highest state personalities and the important buildings (such as Institutions; Banks; personalities houses; etc.). The official creation of the Guard was made on 24 June 1928 with a decree of the same year. It's secondary responsibility was public duties in Tirana, the national capital.

On 1 September 1928, Albania was transformed into a kingdom, and President Zogu became Zog I, King of the Albanians. The Guard changed the name to "Royal Guard of Albania", but the duties in most of them remain the same. Hysen Selmani was appointed Commander-in-chief.[4][5][6]

In November 1929, the law "On the Organization of Armed Forces" was promulgated, which changed the structure of the unit. The structure of the Guard consisted of:

Socialist Republican Guard (1945 - 1991)[edit]

After the World War II, the Guard would be named: Special Battalion of the General Staff, being a structure within the People's Defense Division (DMP).

In February 1947, the department was renamed Republican Guard Department. By the end of the 40s, the Guard began to recruit new effectives with the conscription service because until then its organic consisted of ex-Partisans of the Albanian National Liberation Army (UNÇSH). In 1951, the Guard became part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which charged the battalion with the function of preserving and securing the high-ranking state officials and important members of the communist party. During these years until November 1968, the Guard was strengthened and modernized, the guard battalion numbered around 600 personnel of all ranks,

After the Soviet-Albanian split that then culminated with the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, the Guard underwent a structural and quantitative change. That was increased from 1 to 3 battalions, in addition, consisted of 4 battalions with reservists, which Command and permanent staff with officers. Also, the Artillery Command was created.

In 1976, with the adoption of the new Constitution, the name of the Guard changed; becoming the Republican Guard Regiment of the Socialist Republic of Albania[7]

Its organizational chart included:

On 04 February 1984 the Presidium of the People's Assembly awarded the "Order of the National Flag" to the Republican Guard Regiment.

1991 - Present[edit]

Mission[edit]

The Republican Guard Battalion of Albania is a structure of special status in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, whose mission is to provide physical security to the President; Prime Minister; Chairman of the Parliament and other high state personalities defined in the No.8869, dated 22.5.2003 "For the Guard of the Republic of Albania". Another of the guard duties it is also the protection of the high importance buildings, such as Parliament; Presidential Office and other buildings defined in the same law.[8][9][10]

The guard missions:

  • Guarding important public buildings in Tirana or across the country.
  • Honor and security services for the highest national personalities and important foreign guests; Military ceremonies and guards of honour for fallen soldiers.
  • Support of other law enforcement forces with intervention (i.e. Special Unit) teams;

Equipment[edit]

Armament[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]