Gardelegen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gardelegen
Rathaus Gardelegen.jpg
Coat of arms of Gardelegen
Coat of arms
Gardelegen is located in Germany
Gardelegen
Gardelegen
Location of Gardelegen within Altmarkkreis Salzwedel district
Gardelegen in SAW.png
Coordinates: 52°31′35″N 11°23′33″E / 52.52639°N 11.39250°E / 52.52639; 11.39250Coordinates: 52°31′35″N 11°23′33″E / 52.52639°N 11.39250°E / 52.52639; 11.39250
Country Germany
State Saxony-Anhalt
District Altmarkkreis Salzwedel
Government
 • Mayor Mandy Zepig (SPD)
Area
 • Total 632.43 km2 (244.18 sq mi)
Elevation 43 m (141 ft)
Population (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total 22,614
 • Density 36/km2 (93/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 39638, 39649
Dialling codes 03907, 039004, 039006, 039056, 039085, 039087, 039088
Vehicle registration SAW, GA, KLZ
Website www.gardelegen.de

Gardelegen (German pronunciation: [ˈɡaʁdəleːɡən]) is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is situated on the right bank of the Milde, 20 m. W. from Stendal, on the main line of railway Berlin-Hanover. Since 2009 it has included Algenstedt.

History[edit]

Under the direction of an American soldier, German civilians from Gardelegen carry wooden crosses to the site where they were ordered to bury the bodies of concentration camp prisoners killed by the SS in a barn just outside the town. It had been widely reported that members of the local population provided support to the SS during the operation

It has a Roman Catholic and three Evangelical churches, a hospital, founded in 1285, and a high-grade school. There are considerable manufactures, notably agricultural machinery and buttons, and its beer has a great repute.

Gardelegen was founded in the 10th century (first named 1196). The castle Isenschnibbe was owned by the House of Alvensleben from 1378 until 1857. On the neighboring heath Margrave Louis I. of Brandenburg gained, in 1343, a victory over Otto the Mild of Brunswick. In 1358 Gardelegen became a city of the Hanse. It suffered considerably in the Thirty Years' War, and in 1757 barely avoided being burned by the French.[2]

On 13 April 1945, 1016 concentration camp prisoners were burned alive by the Germans in the Isenschnibbler Feldscheune. Today this area is the site of a memorial for the dead. At the height of the cold war, a USAF RB-66 reconnaissance aircraft was shot down by Soviet fighters near the town on 10 March 1964. Her crew bailed out and was rescued and eventually handed back to West-Berlin by Soviet forces.[3]

After having incorporated 18 neighboring towns and villages in 2011, Gardelegen is now Germany's third largest city by area, trailing only Berlin and Hamburg. It is actually the largest municipality in area in what was formerly East Germany. The population however is small, with only about 23,000.

International relations[edit]

Gardelegen is twinned with:

Personality[edit]

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

Joachim Lange around 1750
Otto Reutter

Associated with the town[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden – Stand: 31. Dezember 2017" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt (in German).
  2. ^ Becker, H. (2011). Gardelegen: tausend Jahre einer Stadt. Sutton Verlag GmbH
  3. ^ Dejá vu in Gardelegen by Wolfgang Preisler

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gardelegen". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 459.