Garden City, Michigan

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Garden City, Michigan
City
City of Garden City
Garden City City Hall
Garden City City Hall
Nickname(s): G.C.
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°19′28″N 83°20′18″W / 42.32444°N 83.33833°W / 42.32444; -83.33833Coordinates: 42°19′28″N 83°20′18″W / 42.32444°N 83.33833°W / 42.32444; -83.33833
Country United States
State Michigan
County Wayne
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Randy Walker
 • City Manager Robert Muery
Area[1]
 • Total 5.87 sq mi (15.20 km2)
 • Land 5.87 sq mi (15.20 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 633 ft (193 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 27,692
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 26,719
 • Density 4,700/sq mi (1,800/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 48135
Area code(s) 734
FIPS code 26-31420[4]
GNIS feature ID 0626632[5]
Website http://www.gardencitymi.org/

Garden City is a city in Wayne County of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 27,692.[6] The city is part of the Metro Detroit region.

History[edit]

Downtown Garden City Welcome Sign

The origins of Garden City started with the transfer of the property to John Lathers from Andrew Jackson for 160 acres (0.65 km2) in October 1835. The city was patterned after the "garden city" concept that became popular in England during the 19th century, with most home sites sectioned off into 1-acre (4,000 m2) plots to allow adequate farming area to support the family with fruit and vegetables. Now, most sites are considerably smaller, some as small as 40 feet by 135 feet, with little room for gardening of fruits and vegetables, though the city maintains some large lots where an extra street has not been placed between two of the older streets, such as between some parts of Bock Street and John Hauk Street where Donnelly Avenue does not cut through.

In June 1927, Garden City became a village, with Arnold Folker as Village President. Six years later the village became the city of Garden City. Areas of interest in Garden City include the first Kmart store (opened 1962, closed in early 2017)[7]), the first Little Caesars (still in use), located at 32594 Cherry Hill Road, and the first dine-in McDonald's in Michigan. The honeymoon cottage of Henry Ford and his wife, Clara Jane Bryant, was moved here from Dearborn in 1952.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.87 square miles (15.20 km2), all land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 2,081
1940 4,096 96.8%
1950 9,012 120.0%
1960 38,017 321.8%
1970 41,864 10.1%
1980 35,640 −14.9%
1990 31,846 −10.6%
2000 30,047 −5.6%
2010 27,692 −7.8%
Est. 2016 26,719 [3] −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
Former Arnold Folker residence built in late 1920s when he was first Garden City Village President

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 27,692 people, 10,894 households, and 7,383 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,717.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,821.4/km2). There were 11,616 housing units at an average density of 1,978.9 per square mile (764.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.5% White, 3.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.3% of the population.

There were 10,894 households of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the city was 39.9 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.5% were from 25 to 44; 28.6% were from 45 to 64; and 14% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 30,047 people, 11,479 households, and 8,230 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,124.0 per square mile (1,979.7/km²). There were 11,719 housing units at an average density of 1,998.5 per square mile (772.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.20% White, 1.10% African-American, 0.40% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.03% of the population.

There were 11,479 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,841, and the median income for a family was $58,530. Males had a median income of $44,314 versus $27,904 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,651. About 3.3% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The main source of education for Garden City is their school district, Garden City School District, which includes four elementary schools, one middle school, one public high school, an alternative education high school called Cambridge high school.[9]

Schoolcraft College, a community college based in nearby Livonia, has a satellite campus near Garden city Middle school. Tipton Academy, a private school, is also located in Garden City.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Garden City, Michigan
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Garden City city, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved September 7, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Sears is closing 150 stores — here's the full list". businessinsider.com. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Schools in GCPS". www.gardencityschools.com. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "Tipton Garden City, MI - A Public School - Tuition Free Charter School". www.tipton-academy.org. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 

External links[edit]