Garden City, Texas

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Garden City, Texas
Census-designated place
Garden City is located in Texas
Garden City
Garden City
Garden City is located in the US
Garden City
Garden City
Coordinates: 31°51′50″N 101°28′52″W / 31.86389°N 101.48111°W / 31.86389; -101.48111Coordinates: 31°51′50″N 101°28′52″W / 31.86389°N 101.48111°W / 31.86389; -101.48111
Country United States
State Texas
County Glasscock
Area
 • Total 1.8 sq mi (4.6 km2)
 • Land 1.8 sq mi (4.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 334
 • Density 189/sq mi (72.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 79739
FIPS code 48-28176
GNIS feature ID 1336388

Garden City is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Glasscock County, Texas, United States. It lies near the center of the county, 27 miles (43 km) south of Big Spring. Garden City serves as the Glasscock County seat,[1] and at the 2010 census had a population of 334.[2] The ZIP code is 79739.

History[edit]

Garden City's history began in 1886, when what became the town's post office was established in a general store, and a settlement began to develop in the area around the business. The post office was to be named after the store proprietor, a man by the name of Gardner. However, after a clerical error by officials in Washington, the postal franchise was granted under the name "Garden" City.

Garden City was the first Texas community platted by renowned surveyor W. D. Twichell, a Minnesota native.[3]

In 1893, Glasscock County was organized, and Garden City vied for the county seat along with two other area communities, New California and Dixie. New California was ultimately chosen as the county seat; it was located in a less flood-prone region and had a readily accessible water supply. However, at the time of the county's organization, New California consisted of a mere two dwellings and an equally sparse population, whereas Garden City boasted a school, the general store/post office, and several homes. In a unique compromise, most of Garden City's structures were placed on wheels and relocated to the New California site, and on April 5, 1893, the settlement was renamed Garden City. A two-story stone courthouse was constructed later that same year, followed by a new, larger courthouse in 1910 (with the former building remaining in use as the Glasscock County Jail).

Between 1927 and 1943, Garden City's population fluctuated between 100 and 250, and several businesses and a newspaper (the Garden City Gazette) had come and gone. By 1945, Garden City had eight businesses and a population of 200. In the 1950s, oil was discovered nearby, creating a bit of a boom for the area. While Garden City's population did not experience the spike that other West Texas oil boom towns had seen (the population peaked at 300 in 1968, many years after the boom had ended), it did increase the community's commerce, with the number of operating businesses almost doubling from 1947 to 1968. By 1980, the population had fallen to 293, a figure maintained until 2010, when that year's census counted 334 residents.

The area, as is much of West Texas, is conducive to wind power generation, and several wind farms have been proposed for the area.

Limestone from the quarry of TexaStone in Garden City was donated in 2004 for establishment of the Stonehenge replica in Odessa, Texas.

Education[edit]

Garden City is served by the Glasscock County Independent School District and home to the Garden City High School Bearkats.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Garden City has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Garden City CDP, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Willis Day Twichell". The Handbook of Texas. Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  4. ^ Climate Summary for Garden City, Texas

External links[edit]