Garden Hill First Nation

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Garden Hill is located in Manitoba
Garden Hill
Garden Hill
Location of Garden Hill in Manitoba
Garden Hill looking north
View of the community
Garden Hill Health Centre

Garden Hill is the second largest of 3 reserves of the Island Lake region. The First Nation community is located in the northeast section of the Canadian province of Manitoba on the shore of Island Lake. Garden Hill had a population of 2,776 in the Canada Census of 2011.[1] The residents of Garden Hill speak Oji-Cree, the traditional First Nations language, and English.

It is only accessible by winter ice roads via St. Theresa Point and by air. Nearby on Island Lake are the communities of Wasagamack of the Wasagamack First Nation, St. Theresa Point of the St. Theresa Point First Nation and the northern settlement of Island Lake.


In the early 1900s, there were no chiefs, but there were leaders called "headmen". They earned their status by establishing a reputation for generosity, service, wisdom, spirituality, courage, diplomacy, dignity, loyalty and personal magnetism. These leaders achieved status by influence, not by possession of wealth, but by the distribution of it. The shared generosity because of beliefs, values, traditions, and customs required by this behaviour. The chief with the longest time in the position was Henry Fiddler, who held the position of Chief for 22 years from 1931-1953.[citation needed]

Garden Hill First Nations was part of the bigger Island Lake First Nation. In 1969, Island Lake First Nation separated into four: Garden Hill First Nations, Red Sucker Lake First Nation, Wasagamack First Nation, and St.Theresa Point First Nation.[2]


The population of Garden Hill was 2,776 in the Canada Census of 2011 an increase of 46.3% from 2006. In 2006 there were 1,898 residents. There were a total of 595 private dwellings. The population density was 33.7 per square kilometres on a land area of 82.48 square kilometres. The median age was 18.9.[1]

Garden Hill First Nations[edit]

Garden Hill First Nations is a signatory of Treaty 5. As of February 2015 Garden Hill First Nations had a registered population of 4,567 with 3918 members living on reserve and 649 members living off reserve.[3] Members elect a chief, vice chief and seven councillors through a Custom Electoral System.[3]


The 7 reserves of the Garden Hill First Nations include:[3]


There are two schools in Garden Hill. The elementary school is named Kistiganwacheeng Elementary School and the secondary school is called Garden Hill First Nation High School. Garden Hill Student Services office is located in Winnipeg, the office handles post-secondary students that attend various institutions.


Island Lake/Garden Hill
Island Lake Lodge dock


  1. ^ a b "Canada Census 2011". Retrieved 2014-01-14.
  2. ^ "Garden Hill First Nation" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-08. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  3. ^ a b c "AANDC (Registered Population)". Archived from the original on 2014-03-05. Retrieved 2015-01-14.
  4. ^ "Natural Resources Canada-Canadian Geographical Names (Amik Wachink Sakahikan)". Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  5. ^ "Natural Resources Canada-Canadian Geographical Names (Bella Lake Exchange Lands)". Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  6. ^ "Natural Resources Canada-Canadian Geographical Names (Garden Hill First Nation)". Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  7. ^ "Natural Resources Canada-Canadian Geographical Names (Pe-Ta-Waygamak)". Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  8. ^ "Natural Resources Canada-Canadian Geographical Names (Seeseep Sakahikan)". Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  9. ^ "Natural Resources Canada-Canadian Geographical Names (Wesha Kijay Wasagamach)". Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  10. ^ "Natural Resources Canada-Canadian Geographical Names (Wolf River)". Retrieved 2015-03-15.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°53′00″N 94°38′56″W / 53.88333°N 94.64889°W / 53.88333; -94.64889