Garden Key Light

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Garden Key Light
Garden Key Light at sunset.jpg
Garden Key Light at sunset
Garden Key Light is located in Florida
Garden Key Light
Location Fort Jefferson, Dry Tortugas
Coordinates 24°37′41″N 82°52′20″W / 24.62806°N 82.87222°W / 24.62806; -82.87222Coordinates: 24°37′41″N 82°52′20″W / 24.62806°N 82.87222°W / 24.62806; -82.87222
Year first lit 1826
Automated 1912
Deactivated 1924
Foundation a stairwell in Fort Jefferson
Construction boilerplate iron
Tower shape hexagonal
Height 70 feet (21 m)
Original lens 1st order Fresnel lens
ARLHS number USA-316

The Garden Key Light, also known as the Tortuga Harbor Light, is located at Fort Jefferson, on Garden Key in the Dry Tortugas, Florida. The first lighthouse, started in 1824 and first lit in 1826, was a brick conical tower. The lighthouse and its outbuildings were the only structures on Garden Key until construction started on Fort Jefferson in 1846. Construction continued until 1861, but the fort was never completed.

In 1858 the Dry Tortugas lighthouse was built on a nearby island, and the first order Fresnel lens was moved there from the Garden Key lighthouse. The Garden Key lighthouse received a fourth order Fresnel lens, and became the harbor light for Fort Jefferson. In 1877 the brick tower was razed and replaced with a boilerplate iron tower on top of a stairwell in the fort. In 1912, the keeper's house burned down, and the lighthouse was automated with tanks of compressed acetylene replacing the butts of kerosene to fuel the lights. The light was deactivated in 1924.

The old brick tower standing beside Fort Jefferson before the tower was torn down in 1877.

The USS Maine was part of the squadron stationed at Garden Key when it exploded and sank in the harbor of Havana, Cuba. James Fenimore Cooper's 1848 novel Jack Tier: or the Florida Reefs, is set at the Garden Key lighthouse. Ernest Hemingway's 1932 short story "After the Storm" is about a shipwreck between Garden Key and Rebecca Shoal, to the east of Garden Key.


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