Garden festival

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A garden / flora festival or exposition is a festival and exposition held to celebrate the arts of gardening, garden design, landscaping and landscape architecture. There are local garden festivals, regional garden festivals, National Garden Festivals and International Garden Festivals. The idea probably originated with Germany's Bundesgartenschau. The UK held five garden festivals in the period 1984-92 but blundered through not planning an after-use for the festival grounds during their design and planning phase.

To qualify as an International Exhibition, a show must be recognised by the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE), which was established by a diplomatic international Convention, signed in Paris,in 1928. Shows can also be recognised by the International Association of Horticultural Producers (IAHP / AIPH). To qualify as a National Exhibition, a garden festival must be recognised by a national government.

Because garden design is becoming more popular and featuring on TV, there is an ever-growing number of garden festivals: permanent and temporary, official and non-official. One of the best known is International Garden Festival held on a permanent site at Chaumont in France. Despite the name, Chaumont does not come within the BIE definition of an 'international' festival. Other shows feature garden design but describe themselves as 'flower shows'. The best-known example in this category, the Chelsea Flower Show, emphasises garden design. It spun off a Chelsea Fringe events in 2012 which featured a variety of unusual gardens and gardening across London.

List of garden festivals[edit]

List of host nations and cities[edit]

Country City Festival name Year(s) Dates Type AIPH
classification[1]
BIE
recognised[2]
 Netherlands Rotterdam Floriade 1960 1960   International A1 Yes
 Netherlands Amsterdam Floriade 1972 1972   International A1 Yes
 Netherlands Amsterdam Floriade 1982 1982   International A1 Yes
 United Kingdom Liverpool International Garden Festival 1984   International A1 Yes
 Japan Osaka Expo '90 1990 April 1 – September 30 International A1 Yes
 Netherlands The Hague Floriade 1992 1992   International A1 Yes
 United States Columbus, Ohio AmeriFlora '92 1992 April 3 – October 12 National   No
 China Kunming 1999 World Horticultural Exposition 1999 May 1 – October 31[3] International A1 Yes
 Netherlands Haarlemmermeer Floriade 2002 2002   International A1 Yes
 France Dijon Florissimo 2005   National B2 No
 Brazil Festival de Holambra Florissimo 2005   National B2 Yes
 China Shenyang International Horticultural Exposition 2006 2006 May 1 – October 31 International A2/B1 No
 Singapore Singapore Singapore Garden Festival 2006
and biennially since
December 16–25 International n/a No
 Thailand Chiang Mai Royal Flora Ratchaphruek 2006–2007 November 1 – January 31 International A1 Yes
 France Dijon Florissimo 2010 March 11–21 National   No
 Taiwan Taipei Taipei International Flora Exposition 2010–2011 November 6 – April 25 International A2/B1 No
 Australia Melbourne Melbourne International Flower and Garden Show 2011 March 30 – April 3 International n/a No
 China Xi'an International Horticultural Exposition 2011 2011 April 22 – October 28 International A2/B1 No
 Netherlands Venlo Floriade 2012 2012   International A1 Yes
 South Korea Suncheon Suncheon International Garden Expo(Korea) 2013 April 20 – October 20 International A2/B1 Yes
 China Jinzhou International Horticultural Exposition 2013 2013 May 10 – October 31 International A2/B1 No
 China Qingdao Qingdao International Horticultural Exposition 2014 2014 April 25 – October 25 International A2/B1 No
 France Dijon Florissimo 2015 March National   No
 Turkey Antalya Expo 2016 2016   International A1 No
 China Tangshan Tangshan International Horticultural Exposition 2016 2016 May – Oct International A2/B1 No[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Andrew C. Theokas Grounds for Review: The Garden Festival in Urban Planning and Design (Liverpool University Press, 2004 ISBN 0-85323-539-2)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "International Horticultural Exhibitions: History of exhibitions". AIPH. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "International Horticultural Exhibitions". Retrieved 22 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "World Horti-Expo Garden". Archived from the original on 5 September 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2011. 
  4. ^ "AIPH | Exhibitions, actual programme". Retrieved 11 August 2014. 

External links[edit]