Garden furniture

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Sketch from the St. Louis Daily Globe-Democrat, September 27, 1896. Women relax in garden furniture.
Garden chairs and table, England, 2011

Garden furniture, also called patio furniture or outdoor furniture, is a type of furniture specifically designed for outdoor use. It is typically made of weather-resistant materials such as aluminium which is rust-proof.

The oldest surviving examples of garden furniture were found in the gardens of Pompeii. Around 1840, Janes, Beebe & Co. produced one of the earliest products of mass-produced cast-iron seating manufacture in America, an example of which is held by the Smithsonian Institution as inv. no. 1980.006[1]

Types of furniture[edit]

An area of typical patio furniture, including umbrellas, in Taiwan, 2007
  • Wooden furniture
  • Bamboo furniture
  • Wicker or rattan furniture
  • Metal furniture[2]
  • Plastic furniture
  • Glass furniture
  • Table
  • Rope furniture

Seating[edit]

Garden furniture is often sold as a patio set consisting of a table, four or six chairs, and a parasol. A picnic table is used for the purpose of eating a meal outdoors. Long chairs, referred to as chaise longue, are also common items. Recently seating furniture has been used for conversation areas using items like couches.

Temperature control[edit]

The British 'garden parasol' or American 'garden umbrella' is the term for a specialised type of umbrella designed to provide shade from the sun. Parasols are either secured in a weighted base or a built-in mount in the paving. Some are movable around outdoor tables and seating, others centred through a hole mid-table.

Patio heaters are used to enable people to sit outside at night or in cold weather. They can be permanently mounted on eaves and patio roofs, or portable and self-supporting. They can operate on electricity, propane, bottled butane (small units), or natural gas. The latter can be plumbed into permanent locations or attached to 'quick-connect' outlets.

Modular outdoor fire pits and portable fire bowls have become widely available in many materials to extend outdoor living. The tall clay Chimeneas of North America are an example.

Accessories[edit]

Current garden accessories include items like birdbaths, plant stands, planter boxes and trellises to add detail to an outdoor space.

Materials[edit]

Green plastic garden furniture, Czech Republic, 2009

The most commonly sold types of patio sets are made of plastic, wood, aluminium, wicker, and wrought iron.

A classic bench in Indonesia, 2013, designed by Edwin Lutyens

Wooden garden furniture can suffer through exposure to the elements and therefore needs to be periodically treated.[3] Teak is a commonly used material for outdoor furniture. It naturally contains silica, which makes it resistant to fungal decay, many of the effects of water (such as rot, swelling and warping), as well as chemicals. It is also resistant to fire, acid and alkalis.[4]

When teak weathers it loses its original look but gains a majestic, almost silver glow. Many owners prefer the aged look of teak and because of its resistance to rotting and infestation, it can be appreciated without upkeep.[5] Aluminium garden furniture is robust and long-lasting. However, if the protective coating is compromised it will corrode. Plastic garden furniture is naturally waterproof, so it can be left out year-round. Waterproof outdoor furniture pieces are usually made of materials such as Mahogany, Teak, Cast Aluminum, PE Wicker, Plastic and PVC Wicker.[citation needed] These materials are durable and can withstand the elements of wind, rain and sun exposure.

Wicker outdoor living furniture was originally made from the stems of any one of 600 species of palms found in tropical regions all over the world. The palm stems were tightly woven into interlocking panels, and formed into the desired structure. Now, most modern wicker furniture is made from synthetic resin, increasing the life expectancy and reducing manufacturing costs. Today's resin furniture is often made of recycled plastic and incredibly durable, usually carrying warranties of 20 years or longer. It can be moulded to resemble real wood or wicker.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Snyder, Ellen Marie (1985). "Victory over Nature: Victorian Cast-Iron Seating Furniture". Winterthur Portfolio. 20 (4): 221–242. doi:10.1086/496238. ISSN 0084-0416. JSTOR 1181091. S2CID 111228848.
  2. ^ Simmons, James. "Types of Metal Garden Furniture". Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  3. ^ Kotradyova, Veronika; Vavrinsky, Erik; Kalinakova, Barbora; Petro, Dominik; Jansakova, Katarina; Boles, Martin; Svobodova, Helena (19 September 2019). "Wood and Its Impact on Humans and Environment Quality in Health Care Facilities". International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 16 (18): 3496. doi:10.3390/ijerph16183496. PMC 6766028. PMID 31546873.
  4. ^ "Growing Teak in the Top End of the NT" (PDF). 27 November 2002.
  5. ^ Kai Wiechmann e.K. (26 January 2022). "Teak Gartenbank" (in German).