Gardiki, Trikala

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Gardiki
Γαρδίκι
A view of Gardiki.
A view of Gardiki.
Gardiki is located in Greece
Gardiki
Gardiki
Coordinates: 39°32.4′N 21°15.5′E / 39.5400°N 21.2583°E / 39.5400; 21.2583Coordinates: 39°32.4′N 21°15.5′E / 39.5400°N 21.2583°E / 39.5400; 21.2583
Country Greece
Administrative region Thessaly
Regional unit Trikala
Municipality Pyli
Municipal unit Aithikes
Highest elevation 1,130 m (3,710 ft)
Lowest elevation 1,000 m (3,000 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Rural 58
Community[1]
 • Population 143 (2011)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 420 37
Area code(s) +30-2431-xxx-xxx
Vehicle registration ТК

Gardiki is a village and a community in the Trikala regional unit of Greece's Thessaly region. It is part of the municipal unit of Aithikes. The 2011 census recorded 58 residents in the village and 143 in the community.[1]

Administrative division[edit]

The community of Gardiki comprises two settlements:[1]

  • Gardiki (population 58, 2011 census)
  • Palaiochori (population 85, 2011 census)

History[edit]

The village occupies the site of the ancient town of Pellinaeum or Pelinna. The ancient town survived until the early Byzantine period, but disappears thereafter only to reappear under the Slavic name of Gardiki in the 11th century.[2] The Byzantine settlement was built on the ruins of the ancient citadel, with the foundations of the ancient wall providing the base of the later medieval fortifications.[2] A ruined three-aisled basilica dedicated to St. Paraskevi from the 14th century also survives.[2]

In the late medieval and Ottoman periods, the area was settled by Vlachs, who remain the main group of the modern village.

Episcopal see[edit]

The town is attested as an episcopal see of the Greek Church since the 11th century as a suffragan see of the Metropolis of Larissa. It was often combined with the nearby see of Peristera (modern Taxiarches).[2]

Manuscript lists give the names of later Greek Orthodox bishops: Metrophanes, degraded in 1623; Gregorius or Cyrillus, 1623; Sophronius, 1646-1649; Gregorius, about 1700; Meletius, 1743; Paisius, 18th century; Gregorius, about 1852. When Thessaly was united with Greece (1881), the Greek Orthodox eparchy had been vacant since 1875 and was suppressed in 1899 through being absorbed into the Metropolis of Phthiotis.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  2. ^ a b c d Koder, Johannes; Hild, Friedrich (1976). Tabula Imperii Byzantini, Band 1: Hellas und Thessalia (in German). Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. p. 161. ISBN 3-7001-0182-1. 
  3. ^ Sophrone Pétridès, "Cardica" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1908)

External links[edit]