Gardoš Tower

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Gardoš Tower
Кула на Гардошу, Миленијумска кула, Кула Сибињанин Јанка
Belgrad (Zemun) - Kula Sibinjanin Janka.jpg
Gardoš Tower before reconstruction
Gardoš Tower is located in Serbia
Gardoš Tower
Location within Serbia
Alternative names Millennium Tower, Tower of Janos Hunyadi
General information
Location Zemun, Serbia
Town or city Zemun
Country Serbia
Coordinates 44°50′54.0″N 20°24′35.1″E / 44.848333°N 20.409750°E / 44.848333; 20.409750
Completed 1896
Website
www.kulanagardosu.com

Gardoš Tower (Serbian: Кула на Гардошу) or Millennium Tower, (Serbian: Миленијумска кула) and also known as Kula Sibinjanin Janka (English: The Tower of Janos Hunyadi Serbian: Кула Сибињанин Јанка) is a memorial tower located in Zemun, Serbia. It was built and officially opened on 20 August 1896 to celebrate a thousand years of Hungarian settlement in the Pannonian plain.

As part of Old Town core of Zemun, and also located in the middle of the Zemun Fortress, tower is protected both as Spatial Cultural-Historical Unit of Great Importance, and as a Protected Monument of Culture.[1][2]

History[edit]

It was part of the massive construction effort which included buildings in Budapest as well as four millennium towers on four directions of the world. Being the southernmost city in then Hungary within the Austria-Hungary, the tower was built on the ruins of the medieval fortress on Gardoš hill, Taurunum, which barely survived today (only angular towers and parts of the defending wall). The tower was built as a combination of various styles, mostly influenced by the Roman elements. Being a natural lookout, it was used by Zemun's firemen for decades. Today, the tower is better known after the Janos Hunyadi, who actually died in the old fortress, 440 years before the tower was built.[3][4]

The tower was projected by the Hungarian architects. It was finished on 5 August 1896 and officially opened 15 days later. Soon after it was built, inhabitants of Zemun began to call it colloquially after Janos Hunyadi.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Monuments of Culture in Serbia: Старо Градско језгро (SANU) (Serbian) (English)
  2. ^ Monuments of Culture in Serbia: Земунска тврђава (SANU) (Serbian) (English)
  3. ^ Kula Gardoš - Istorijat (Serbian)
  4. ^ a b Snežana Prljević (4 April 2012), "Zemunski Gardoš", Politika-Putovanja (in Serbian), p. 7