Gare d'Abancourt

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Gare d'Abancourt
Gare d'Abancourt - Extérieur.JPG
Gare d'Abancourt before its renovation in 2008
Location

Place de la gare
60220 Abancourt, France

Coordinates: 49°41′8″N 1°46′28″E / 49.68556°N 1.77444°E / 49.68556; 1.77444
Owned by RFF/SNCF
Line(s) Amiens–Rouen railway,
Épinay-Villetaneuse–Le Tréport-Mers railway
Platforms 1 outside, 2 central
Tracks 5 plus sidings
History
Opened 18 April 1867
Electrified 1984
Traffic
Passengers (2003) 95 per day[1]
Services
Preceding station   SNCF   Following station
toward Amiens
TER Picardie 2
toward Beauvais
TER Picardie 21

The Gare d'Abancourt (Abancourt station) is a railway station located in the commune of Abancourt in the Oise department, in Picardy, France. It is primarily served by TER Picardie trains.[2]

Lines[edit]

The station is located at the intersection of:

The station[edit]

History[edit]

Gare d'Abancourt at the beginning of the 20th century, looking towards Rouen. Lines on right are Amiens - Rouen, centre lines are Paris - Le Tréport-Mers

The railway reached Abancourt in 1867 when the Nord company built the line between Amiens and Rouen. The station was built approximately 1 km from the town, in the hamlet of Hennicourt.[3] Following test runs, the line entered service on 18 April 1867, with general service trains taking 3 hours 50 minutes to complete the run from Amiens to Rouen, at an average speed of 35 km/h.[4]

The station was enlarged in 1873 when the stretch of line to Longroy-Gamaches (towards Le Tréport-Mers) was opened, and again in 1875 for the Abancourt - Beauvais stretch.

Because of its location at the junction of two lines, as well as arrangements put in place during World War I, the station has approximately ten sidings, in addition to facilities for serving an agricultural silo.

During the Second World War[edit]

Because of its key position in the rail network (between Nord, Picardy, Paris and Le Havre), the German army made use of the Abancourt station. Anti-aircraft railcars were used to protect convoys. The station was bombed multiple times by squadrons of the Royal Air Force.

Reinforced concrete shelters remain in place today beside the sidings.

Today[edit]

View of the station during work to improve accessibility in 2008. Lines on right are Rouen - Amiens, in centre Paris - Beauvais - Le Tréport-Mers, left, sidings

The station is served by TER Haute-Normandie and TER Picardie trains on the lines between Beauvais and Le Tréport-Mers and between Rouen and Amiens and Lille.

The line was electrified with 25 kV 50 Hz alternating current on 27 August 1984 (freight lines and branch lines continuing to use diesel), and the restrained permissivity automatic blocking system was installed on the line, offering increasingly less satisfactory service with respect to the growing mixed passenger-goods traffic on the line since the 1990s.

The station is one of the few on the 139 km long line which are still important; according to the SNCF it averaged 95 passengers per operating day in 2003.[1] One of the peculiarities of this line is that goods traffic is far more important than passenger traffic. In 1992-93 8,000 tonnes of freight were transported daily on the line, 60% in the Amiens-Rouen direction. This is explained by the industrial importance of the two regions linked by the line and by the ports of Rouen and Le Havre at the Rouen end. On the other hand, passenger demand is weak but tends to be focussed by the express TER Rouen - Amiens - Arras - Douai - Lille axis.

In 2008 the station underwent renovations as part of a programme of increasing accessibility on the Beauvais - Abancourt stretch of line. The platforms were enhanced and passenger use and information facilities (lighting, signage, shelters, clocks, and ticket machines) were replaced. An audiovisual information system was to be installed in addition. The station approaches and parking facilities were to be modernised.

A TER demand responsive transport service has been put in place to enable residents of Moliens to use the station.

Points of interest[edit]

One of the old platform signs

The station has a manual system of train signage on the platforms which uses sliding metal panels.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Compte rendu, Comité de ligne Amiens/Rouen, SNCF, 8 novembre 2004, p. 2 (pdf) (in French)
  2. ^ Gare d'Abancourt at TER Picardie (in French)
  3. ^ Adolphe Laurent Joanne, Itinéraire général de la France: le Nord, Collection des guides-Joanne, Paris: Hachette, 1869, OCLC 36733912, p. 229. (in French)
  4. ^ Actes du 104e Congrès national des sociétés savantes, Bordeaux, 1979: Les transports de 1610 à nos jours, volume 1, Bibliothèque nationale, 1980, ISBN 978-2-7177-1565-1, p. 300. (in French)