Gare de Lyon
|SNCF, RER and Transilien station|
75571 Paris Cedex 12
|Owned by||SNCF and RATP|
|Operated by||SNCF and RATP|
|Platforms||13 (surface) / 1 (RER A) / 2 (RER D)|
|Tracks||22 (surface) / 2 (RER A) / 4 (RER D)|
|Train operators||SNCF (TER, Thello, RER D) , RATP (RER A)|
|Station code||87686006 / 87686030 (underground)|
|Opened||12 August 1849|
|Rank||2nd busiest in France|
The Gare de Lyon (English: Lyon station), officially Paris-Gare-de-Lyon, is one of the six large mainline railway stations in Paris, France. It handles about 148.1 million passengers annually according to the estimates of the SNCF in 2018, with SNCF railways and RER D accounting for around 110 million and 38 million on the RER A, making it the second-busiest station of France after the Gare du Nord and one of the busiest in Europe.
The station is located in the 12th arrondissement, on the right bank of the river Seine, in the east of Paris. Opened in 1849, it is the northern terminus of the Paris–Marseille railway. It is named after the city of Lyon, a stop for many long-distance trains departing here, most en route to the South of France. The station is served by high-speed TGV trains to Southern and Eastern France, Switzerland, Germany, Italy and Spain. The station also hosts regional trains and the RER and also the Gare de Lyon Métro station.
Main line trains depart from 32 platforms in two distinct halls: Hall 1, which is the older train shed, contains tracks labelled with letters from A to N, while the modern addition of Hall 2 contains tracks which are numbered from 5 to 23. There are a further four platforms for the RER underneath the main lines.
The station was built for the 1900 World Exposition. On multiple levels, it is considered a classic example of the architecture of its time. Most notable is the large clock tower atop one corner of the station, similar in style to the clock tower of the Palace of Westminster, home to Big Ben. The station houses the Le Train Bleu restaurant, which has served drinks and meals to travellers and other guests since 1901 in an ornately decorated setting.
On 27 June 1988, in the Gare de Lyon train accident, a runaway train crashed into a stationary rush-hour train, killing 56 people and injuring a further 55. A fire broke out on 28 February 2020, that was reportedly started by Congolese protesters. The station was completely evacuated.
From Gare de Lyon train services depart to major French cities such as: Lyon, Marseille, Nice, Montpellier, Perpignan, Dijon, Besançon, Mulhouse, Grenoble and a number of destinations in the French Alps. International services operate to Italy: Turin and Milan; Switzerland: Geneva, Zürich, Basel and Lausanne; and Spain: Barcelona.
The following services currently call at Gare de Lyon:
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Lyon
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Avingon–Marseille
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Avignon–Toulon–Cannes–Nice
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Lyon–Montpellier–Béziers–Narbonne–Perpignan
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Lyon–Montpellier–Perpignan–Girona–Barcelona
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Grenoble
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Bellegarde–Annemasse–Evian-les-Bains
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Chambéry–Aix-les-Bains–Annecy
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Lyon- Chambéry–Turin–Milan
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Dijon–Besançon–Belfort–Mulhouse
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Dijon–Besançon-Viotte
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Dijon–Chalon-sur-Saône
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Lyon–Saint-Étienne
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Valence–Avignon–Miramas
- High speed services (TGV) Paris–Chambéry–Albertville–Bourg-Saint-Maurice (Winter)
- High speed services (TGV Lyria) Paris–Bellegarde–Geneva (- Lausanne)
- High speed services (TGV Lyria) Paris–Belfort–Mulhouse–Basel (- Zurich)
- High speed services (TGV Lyria) Paris–Dijon–Lausanne
- Regional services Paris–Montereau–Sens–Laroche-Migennes
- Regional services (Transilien) Paris–Melun–Moret–Nemours–Montargis
- Paris RER services A Saint-Germain-en-Laye–Nanterre-Universite–La Defense–Gare de Lyon–Vincennes–Boissy-Saint-Leger
- Paris RER services A Cergy le Haut–Conflans–Sartrouville–La Defense–Gare de Lyon–Vincennes–Val-de-Fontenay–Marne-la-Vallee (Disneyland)
- Paris RER services A Poissy–Sartrouville–La Defense–Gare de Lyon–Vincennes–Val-de-Fontenay–Marne-la-Vallee (Disneyland)
- Paris RER services D Creil–Orry-la-Ville–Goussainville–Saint Denis–Gare du Nord–Gare de Lyon–Combs-la-Ville–Melun
- Paris RER services D Goussainville–Saint Denis–Gare du Nord–Gare de Lyon–Juvisy–Ris–Corbeil
- Paris RER services D Châtelet–Gare de Lyon–Juvisy–Grigny–Corbeil–Malesherbes
- Paris RER services D Gare de Lyon–Juvisy–Grigny–Corbeil–Melun
The station has appeared in the following films :
- 1972:Travels with My Aunt, directed by George Cukor
- 1998:" L'étudiante", Starring Sophie Marceau
- 2005:The Mystery of the Blue Train, an Hercule Poirot mystery novel by Agatha Christie (and its TV adaptation)
- 2007:Mr. Bean's Holiday, directed by Steve Bendelack
- 2010:The Tourist, directed by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck
- List of Paris railway stations
- List of stations of the Paris RER
- List of stations of the Paris Métro
- Gare de Lyon rail accident
- >"Plan et orientation–Gare de Lyon". Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- Miller, Hannah (28 February 2020). "Fire breaks out near Paris' Gare de Lyon rail station, forces evacuation". CNBC. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- Willsher, Kim (28 February 2020). "Gare de Lyon in Paris evacuated after fire outside station". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
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