Strasbourg-Ville station

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Strasbourg SNCF
SNCF railway station
Gare de Strasbourg Interior, Alsace, France - Diliff.jpg
Original facade under the modern canopy built in 2007
General information
Location20 Place de la gare, 67000 Strasbourg
Coordinates48°35′06″N 7°44′04″E / 48.58500°N 7.73444°E / 48.58500; 7.73444Coordinates: 48°35′06″N 7°44′04″E / 48.58500°N 7.73444°E / 48.58500; 7.73444
Owned bySNCF
Line(s)Paris-Est–Strasbourg-Ville railway
Strasbourg–Basel railway
Appenweier–Strasbourg railway
Strasbourg–Lauterbourg railway
Strasbourg–Saint-Dié railway
Tracks13
Construction
ArchitectJohann Eduard Jacobsthal
Other information
Station code87212027
Websitegare-strasbourg.fr
History
Opened1841
Rebuilt1883
Passengers
201820,170,472[1]
Services
Preceding station SNCF Following station
Saverne
towards Paris-Est
TGV inOui
Terminus
Lorraine TGV
Metz
towards Luxembourg
Colmar (Haut-Rhin)
Nancy-Ville
Terminus
Colmar (Haut-Rhin)
towards Nice-Ville
Paris-Est
Terminus
Offenburg
towards Freiburg Hbf
DB Fernverkehr
towards Paris Est
ICE/TGV 83
towards Munich
towards Marseille
ICE/TGV 84
towards Frankfurt
Preceding station Ouigo Following station
Metz
towards Paris-Est
Grande Vitesse Terminus
Preceding station TER Grand Est Following station
Terminus A01 Sélestat
towards Basel SNCF
A02a Graffenstaden
towards Colmar
A03 Vendenheim
towards Sarrebourg
A04 Mundolsheim
towards Haguenau
A05 Haguenau
towards Niederbronn
Mommenheim A06 Terminus
Terminus A07 Entzheim-Aéroport
towards Sélestat
A08 Entzheim-Aéroport
towards Épinal
A09 Bischheim
towards Lauterbourg
A11 Krimmeri-Meinau
towards Offenburg
Brumath
towards Nancy
A13 Terminus
Brumath
towards Metz
A14
Strasbourg-Roethig
towards Molsheim
A18
Mundolsheim
towards Wissembourg
A34
Saverne
towards Paris-Est
C02
Location
Strasbourg is located in France
Strasbourg
Strasbourg SNCF
Location in France
Strasbourg is located in Europe
Strasbourg
Strasbourg SNCF
Location in Europe

Strasbourg-Ville is the main railway station in the city of Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, France. It is the eastern terminus of the Paris-Est–Strasbourg-Ville railway. The current core building, an example of historicist architecture of the Wilhelminian period, replaced a previous station inaugurated in 1852, later turned into a covered market and ultimately demolished.
With over 20 million passengers in 2018, Strasbourg-Ville is one of the busiest railway stations in France, second only to Lyon-Part-Dieu outside of the Île-de-France.[2]

Previous history[edit]

Strasbourg's first railway station was inaugurated on 19 September 1841 with the opening of the Strasbourg–Basel railway. It was situated far from the city center, in the district of Koenigshoffen.[3][unreliable source?] On 11 July 1846, it was moved to the city center; a new building was designed (as a terminus station) by the French architect Jean-André Weyer (1805–??) and inaugurated on 18 July 1852 by Président Bonaparte. After the German annexation of Alsace following the Franco-Prussian War and as part of the general rebuilding of the town after the Siege of Strasbourg, the construction of a larger station (not a terminus station) in the Neustadt was decided and began in 1878. Weyer's station became Strasbourg's central market hall in 1884. It was demolished in 1974.[4][unreliable source?]

Building[edit]

The historical building of Strasbourg's current railway station was built between 1878 and 1883 by the German architect Johann Eduard Jacobsthal (1839–1902). In 1900, Hermann Eggert, architect of the imperial palace Palais du Rhin, added a special waiting section and staircase for the German emperor, Wilhelm II, now known as the Salon de l'empereur, with stained glass windows by the manufacturers Ott Frères. The historical building was classified as a Monument historique (type "inscrit") on 28 December 1984. Prior to the opening of the high speed train line LGV Est, the station was refurbished by architect Jean-Marie Duthilleul (born 1952) in 2006–2007 and its size and capacity largely increased by the addition of a huge glass roof entirely covering the historical façade. The modernization of the station was bestowed a Brunel Award in 2008.[5][unreliable source?][6][7]

The main hall is adorned by two larger than life statues of female allegorical figures representing Industry and Agriculture. They are the work of Otto Geyer.[5] Geyer also sculpted the figured reliefs adorning the historical façade, both of which bear his signature.

Works by Otto Geyer (1882)
Relief on façade
Relief on façade
Statue "Agriculture"

The main hall also used to display two frescos by Hermann Knackfuss, painted in 1885, one depicting William I's visit of the fortress Fort Kronprinz in Hausbergen (now Fort Foch, Niederhausbergen), belonging to the fortified belt around Strasbourg, on 3 May 1877 and the other one, as a historical parallel, depicting in Frederick I's arrival in Haguenau in 1164. The two works of art, called Im alten Reich and Im neuen Reich ("In the old Empire" and "In the new Empire") were removed at some point in the 20th century and are lost.[5]

Gare de Strasbourg as viewed from Place de la Gare at dusk, showing the new and old façades

Services[edit]

The station is the main station in Strasbourg and one of the main stations in France with over 19.4 million passengers in 2017. TGV service is being assured by the LGV Est, since 2007, and the LGV Rhin-Rhône, since 2011.

TGV[edit]

Other Main Line services[edit]

  • Strasbourg - Paris

TER[edit]

  • Strasbourg - Sélestat - Colmar - Mulhouse - Saint Louis - Basel[8]
  • Strasbourg - Haguenau
  • Strasbourg - Metz
  • Strasbourg - Nancy
  • Strasbourg - Saint-Dié-des-Vosges - Épinal[8]
  • Strasbourg - Sarreguemines - Saarbrücken(D)
  • Strasbourg - Kehl - Offenburg (Métro-Rhin and Ortenau-S-Bahn)

Local transport connections[edit]

The station also serves lines A, C and D of the Strasbourg tramway. The lines A and D stop in the underground station beneath the actual building, that was inaugurated on 25 November 1994 together with the line A. Line C (opened in 2010) stops overground, on Place de la gare.

The following buses of the CTS stop at the railway station: Line 2, Line 10 and Bus à haut niveau de service G (from 30 November 2013)[9]

Other stations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fréquentation en gares - Strasbourg". SNCF. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Fréquentation en gares". SNCF Open Data. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Ancienne gare de Koenigshoffen". archi-strasbourg.org (in French).
  4. ^ "Ancienne gare de Strasbourg". archi-strasbourg.org (in French).
  5. ^ a b c "Gare de Strasbourg". archi-strasbourg.org (in French).
  6. ^ Base Mérimée: Gare ferroviaire centrale, Strasbourg, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  7. ^ "10th Brunel Awards 2008". brunel-awards.org. Archived from the original on 11 August 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
  8. ^ a b Le réseau TER Fluo, TER Grand Est, accessed 28 April 2022.
  9. ^ "Detailed public transport network map" (PDF). cts-strasbourg.eu.

External links[edit]