Gare do Oriente

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Lisbon Orient Station

Gare do Oriente
Train station
Estação do Oriente, Lisboa, Portugal (19198862262).jpg
LocationParque das Nações
Lisbon
Portugal
Coordinates38°46′4″N 9°5′57″W / 38.76778°N 9.09917°W / 38.76778; -9.09917Coordinates: 38°46′4″N 9°5′57″W / 38.76778°N 9.09917°W / 38.76778; -9.09917
Owned byPortuguese Republic
History
Opened1994 (1994)
Location
Lisbon Orient Station is located in Lisbon
Lisbon Orient Station
Lisbon Orient Station
Location within Lisbon
CP-Urb. L. + Soflusa + Fertagus

(Commuter rail and ferry services in the Lisbon metropolitan area)
Services:      Sado (CP+Soflusa)     Sintra (CP)
     Fertagus     Azambuja (CP)     Cascais (CP)


Azambuja
Praias do Sado-A
Espadanal da Azambuja
Praça do Quebedo
Vila Nova da Rainha
Setúbal
Carregado
Palmela
Castanheira do Ribatejo
Venda do Alcaide
Vila Franca de Xira
Pinhal Novo
Alhandra
Penteado
Alverca
Moita
Póvoa
Alhos Vedros
Santa Iria
Baixa da Banheira
Bobadela
Lavradio
Sacavém
Barreiro-A
Moscavide
Barreiro
Oriente
(Soflusa)
Braço de Prata
Terreiro do Paço
Santa Apolónia
Penalva
Marvila
Coina
Fogueteiro
Roma - Areeiro
Foros de Amora
Entrecampos
Corroios
Sete Rios
Pragal
Campolide
Benfica
Rossio
Santa Cruz-Damaia
Cais do Sodré
Reboleira
Santos
(z)
Alcântara-Terra
Alcântara-Mar
(c)
Amadora
Belém
Queluz - Belas
Algés
Monte Abraão
Cruz Quebrada
Massamá-Barcarena
Caxias
Agualva-Cacém
Paço de Arcos
Mira Sintra-Meleças
Santo Amaro
Rio de Mouro
Oeiras
Mercês
Carcavelos
Algueirão-Mem Martins
Parede
Portela de Sintra
São Pedro Estoril
Sintra
São João Estoril
Estoril
Cascais
Monte Estoril

Lines: a Alentejoc Cascaisz Cintura
n Norteo Oestes Sintrau Sul7 C. Sete Rios
(*) Campolide-A (‡) Alcântara overpass

Source: Official site, 2019.01
(station names according to source)

Gare do Oriente (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɡaɾ(ɨ) du oɾiˈẽt(ɨ)]), or alternately, the Lisbon Oriente Station is one of the main Portuguese intermodal transport hubs, and is situated in the civil parish of Parque das Nações, municipality of Lisbon.

History[edit]

The railway platform, with the metal and glass lattice covering
Alfa Pendular Train at Oriente Station
The subterranean lattice of reinforced concrete supporting the main floors
A view of the Vasco da Gama Commercial Centre across from the station

In 1994, the station was proposed as part of the modernization of the Linha do Norte, a modification to the rail line to facilitate the future development of an Oriente station. Located along Avenida D. João II, over Avenida de Berlim and Rua Conselheiro Mariano de Carvalho,[1] the station was planned to occupy the lands once occupied by Apeadeiro dos Olivais, which was demolished in the 1990s in order to make way for the new station.

Bids for building the project on lands to be used for the 1998 exposition were solicited internationally.[2] The concept was originally designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava in 1995, and built by Necso.[3][4]

The station was inaugurated on 19 May 1998, as part of the celebrations marking the opening of the Expo '98 world's fair.[5] At the time of its opening it was considered the largest intermodal station in Portugal.,[6] winning the Brunel Award on 7 October 1998, in the category of large new construction projects.[7]

Architecture[edit]

View across platform from a train window

Oriente Station is situated in an urban area of reclaimed industrial and abandoned buildings fronting the northern margin of the Tagus River, situated 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from the city centre.[8]

Ambitious in its conception, the modernist station includes a Lisbon Metro station, a high-speed commuter and regional train hub, a local, national and international bus station, a shopping centre and a police station.[8][9] The rail station was conceived with a multi-modal platform intersecting the cardinal axes for the various transport modes.[8]

With some influence from Gothic architecture, the station bears considerable resemblance to Santiago Calatrava's earlier Allen Lambert Galleria within Toronto's Brookfield Place. Calatrava's objective was to realize a new space with ample room and functionality providing multiple connections between various zones in the metropolitan area of Lisbon.[8]

One important aspect of the station is its link to the urban environment in which it was constructed. The decision to elevate the rail line, for example, eliminated a physical barrier between the city and the Tagus River margin.[9] The station, covered in a lattice structure of glass and metal, is constructed of reinforced concrete and raised 19 metres (62 ft) over the roadway.[9] By January 2011, there were eight lines that extended 510–720 metres (1,670–2,360 ft) across 309 metres (1,014 ft) platforms, between 60–70 centimetres (24–28 in) in height.[10]

In addition to the many galleries that are part of the station, it is connected to the Centro Comercial Vasco da Gama (Vasco da Gama Commercial Centre/Mall) and the Lisbon Metro through a subterranean access, as well as a first floor connection to the train platforms and a pedestrian walkway.[9]

The main station as seen at night, from the perspective of the Vasco da Gama Mall
A view of the inner gallery and promenade

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lisboa Oriente, Comboios de Portugal, 2014, retrieved 21 November 2014
  2. ^ Mauricio Levy (1994), p.27-28
  3. ^ Afonso, p. 224
  4. ^ Acciona website Archived February 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Alvaro Tarifa (1998), p.68-73
  6. ^ 100 Obras de Arquitectura Civil no Século XX, 2000:114
  7. ^ Yolanda del Val (1998), p.16-17
  8. ^ a b c d Luís Cerqueira & Miguel Gregório (2004), p.19-20
  9. ^ a b c d Diana Ferreira Peralta (2011), p.39-41
  10. ^ Directório da Rede 2012 (in Portuguese), Rede Ferroviária Nacional, 6 January 2011, p. 73

Sources[edit]

  • Cerqueira, Luís; Gregório, Miguel (2004), A Arquitectura e o Caminho-de-Ferro em Portugal (PDF) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Escola Superior de Tecnologia, retrieved 13 January 2016
  • Peralta, Diana Ferreira (October 2011), Mobilidade Pedonal: Humanização do Espaço Público Junto a Nós Viários (PDF) (in Portuguese), Instituto Superior Técnico/Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, retrieved 13 January 2016
  • Levy, Mauricio (1 August 1994), "Los portugueses se centrarán en la mejora de las cercanías", Via Libre (in Spanish), 31, Madrid, Spain: Fundación de los Ferrocarriles Españoles, pp. 27–28, ISSN 1134-1416
  • Tarifa, Alvaro Sánchez (1998), "Noticias", Maquetren (in Spanish), 6, Madrid, Portugal: Ed. España Desconocida, pp. 68–73, ISSN 1132-2063
  • Val, Yolanda del (1 October 1998), "Los Premios Brunel al mejor diseno ferroviario se entregan el 7 de octubre en Madrid", Via Libre (in Spanish), 35, Madrid, Portugal: Fundación de los Ferrocarriles Españoles, pp. 16–17, ISSN 1134-1416
  • 100 Obras de Arquitectura Civil no Século XX: Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Ordem dos Engenheiros, 2000, p. 286, ISBN 972-97231-7-6
  • Afonso, João (2005), IAPXX: Inquérito à Arquitectura do Século XX em Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisboa, Portugal: Ordem dos Arquitectos, p. 290, ISBN 972-8897-14-6

External links[edit]