Gare do Oriente
|Lisbon Orient Station (Gare do Oriente)|
|Oriente Intermodal Transport Station|
|Train station (Estação Ferroviária)|
An exterior view of the Oriente station along with overhead bridge linking it to the Parque das Nações mall.
|Official name: Gare do Oriente/Gare Internacional de Lisboa/Estação Ferroviária do Oriente|
|Named for: Tapada da Ajuda|
|Location||Parque das Nações|
|Materials||Mixed masonry, Limestone, Wood, Wrought and cast iron|
|- Completion||19 May 1998|
|Management||Instituto Gestão do Patrimonio Arquitectónico e Arqueológico|
|Operator||Comboios de Portugal|
Location of the station within the municipality of Lisbon
|Wikimedia Commons: Gare do Oriente|
Gare do Oriente (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɡaɾ(ɨ) du oɾiˈẽt(ɨ)]), or alternately, the Lisbon Oriente Station is one of the main Portuguese intermodal transport hubs, and is situated in the civil parish of Parque das Nações, municipality of Lisbon.
In 1994, the station was proposed as part of the modernization of the Linha do Norte, a modification to the rail line to facilitate the future development of an Oriente station. Located along Avenida D. João II, over Avenida de Berlim and Rua Conselheiro Mariano de Carvalho., the station was planned to occupy the lands once occupied by Apeadeiro dos Olivais, which was demolished in the 1990s in order to make way for the new station.
Bids for building the project on lands to be used for the 1998 exposition were solicited internationally. The concept was originally designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava in 1995, and built by Necso.
The station was inaugurated on 19 May 1998, as part of the celebrations marking the opening of the Expo '98 world's fair. Oriente Station is one of the world's largest rail stations, with 75 million passengers per year, making it as busy as Grand Central Terminal in New York. At the time of its opening it was considered the largest intermodal station in Portugal., winning the Brunel Award on 7 October 1998, in the category of large new construction projects.
Oriente Station is situated in an urban area of reclaimed industrial and abandoned buildings fronting the northern margin of the Tagus River, situated 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from the city centre.
Ambitious in its conception, the modernist station includes a Lisbon Metro station, a high-speed commuter and regional train hub, a local, national and international bus station, a shopping centre and a police station. The rail station was conceived with a multi-modal platform intersecting the cardinal axes for the various transport modes.
With some influence from Gothic architecture, the station bears considerable resemblance to Santiago Calatrava's earlier Allen Lambert Galleria within Toronto's Brookfield Place. Calatrava's objective was to realize a new space with ample room and functionality providing multiple connections between various zones in the metropolitan area of Lisbon.
One important aspect of the station is its link to the urban environment in which it was constructed. The decision to elevate the rail line, for example, eliminated a physical barrier between the city and the Tagus River margin. The station, covered in a lattice structure of glass and metal, is constructed of reinforced cement and raised 19 metres (62 ft) over the roadway. By January 2011, there were eight lines that extended 510–720 metres (1,670–2,360 ft) across 309 metres (1,014 ft) platforms, between 60–70 centimetres (24–28 in) in height.
In addition to the many galleries that are part of the station, it is connected to the Centro Comercial Vasco da Gama (Vasco da Gama Commercial Centre/Mall) and the Lisbon Metro through a subterranean access, as well as a first floor connection to the train platforms and a pedestrian walkway.
A view of the Alfa Pendular on the main platform
|Location||Gare do Oriente
Avenida D. João II
Parque das Nações
|Operated by||Comboios de Portugal|
|Train operators||Comboios de Portugal, Lisbon Metro|
|Connections||Lisbon Metro, Bus, Taxi|
|Disabled access||Station without architectural barriers, Ramp/lift for train access, Support staff at the location, Disabled toilets|
- Lisboa Oriente, Comboios de Portugal, 2014, retrieved 21 November 2014
- Mauricio Levy (1994), p.27-28
- Afonso, p. 224
- Acciona website
- Alvaro Tarifa (1998), p.68-73
- 100 Obras de Arquitectura Civil no Século XX, 2000:114
- Yolanda del Val (1998), p.16-17
- Luís Cerqueira & Miguel Gregório (2004), p.19-20
- Diana Ferreira Peralta (2011), p.39-41
- Directório da Rede 2012 (in Portuguese), Rede Ferroviária Nacional, 6 January 2011, p. 73
- Cerqueira, Luís; Gregório, Miguel (2004), A Arquitectura e o Caminho-de-Ferro em Portugal (PDF) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Escola Superior de Tecnologia, retrieved 13 January 2016
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- Tarifa, Alvaro Sánchez (1998), "Noticias", Maquetren (in Spanish), 6 (69), Madrid, Portugal: Ed. España Desconocida, pp. 68–73, ISSN 1132-2063
- Val, Yolanda del (1 October 1998), "Los Premios Brunel al mejor diseno ferroviario se entregan el 7 de octubre en Madrid", Via Libre (in Spanish), 35 (413), Madrid, Portugal: Fundación de los Ferrocarriles Españoles, pp. 16–17, ISSN 1134-1416
- 100 Obras de Arquitectura Civil no Século XX: Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Ordem dos Engenheiros, 2000, p. 286, ISBN 972-97231-7-6
- Afonso, João (2005), IAPXX: Inquérito à Arquitectura do Século XX em Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisboa, Portugal: Ordem dos Arquitectos, p. 290, ISBN 972-8897-14-6
- Portal das Nações Discover the Orient Station