Gareth Alban Davies
|Gareth Alban Davies|
|Born||Gareth Alban Davies
30 July 1926
Ton Pentre, Wales
|Died||9 February 2009
|Literary movement||Cadwgan Circle|
Gareth Alban Davies (30 July 1926 – 9 February 2009), was a Welsh poet, educator and Hispanist who was Cowdray Professor of Spanish at the University of Leeds. Davies translated many Spanish texts into English and Welsh, and was a noted expert on the works of Fernando Arrabal and Federico García Lorca.
Davies was born in Ton Pentre in the Rhondda in 1926. His father was the Rev'd T. Alban Davies, a Congregationalist preacher who practised at Bethesda Church in Ton Pentre. His father was a Welsh speaker and an early member of Plaid Cymru, the Nationalist political party of Wales. His father was a large influence on Davies' moral viewpoint, and instilled in him a nationalistic and egalitarian ethos. While still a schoolboy, Davies was introduced to the Cadwgan Circle, a group of writers and thinkers from the Rhondda, who met at the house of J. Gwyn Griffiths and his wife Käte Bosse-Griffiths. Although the youngest of the group, he contributed to an anthology published by the movement, and used his time with the group to discuss the French and Spanish literature he was studying at Porth Grammar School.
At the age of 18, and with Britain still at war, Davies was conscripted as a Bevin Boy, which saw him working as a coal miner rather than serve active military duty. He continued his studies during this period, relying on discounted books from London's foremost specialised antiquarian book-seller of Catalan and Castilian language, Joan Gili. Despite his educated background, and his chaste values of refraining from smoking, drinking and womanising; in sharp contrast to many of his collier work-mates, Davies enjoyed his three years spent as a coal miner; believing it brought him closer to the working-class man of the Rhondda.
In 1948 Davies was released from service in the coal mines, and won a scholarship to Queens College, Oxford. At Oxford he studied Romance Languages and received an MA and a DPhil, after which he was appointed to an Assistant Lectureship at the University of Leeds. In 1953, whilst in Leeds he married Catherine Glyn Jones; who like Davies was originally from the Rhondda and was also a linguist. Davies settled near Otley and he and Caryl had four children: Eleri, Catrin, Gwen and Rhodri. Although the couple spent thirty years in Yorkshire, they kept a strong connection to Welsh culture and taught all their children to speak Welsh.
Davies joined the University of Leeds as an Assistant Lecturer in Spanish in 1952. He was promoted to Lecturer in 1955 and to Senior Lecturer in 1968. During his time at Leeds he held visiting appointments at the University of Cardiff in Wales, Dartmouth College in the United States and at Australian National University in Canberra. In 1975 he was appointed Cowdray Professor of Spanish and Head of the Department of Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Literatures at Leeds. He retired in 1986 with the title Emeritus Professor.
Davies main field of study was the Golden Age of Spanish poetry, but was also interested in nineteenth-century Spanish literature, the Spanish songbooks of the German Romantics and other Spanish and Argentine works, having himself visited Welsh Patagonia. As a translator, Davies found the works of fellow countryman David Rowland of interest. Rowland had translated the anonymous Spanish text, La vida de Lazarillo de Tormes y de sus fortunas y adversidades, in 1586, and Davies edited a 1991 version published by Gregynog Press.
Works of note
- Baled Lewsyn a'r Mor (1964)
- Trigain (1986)
- Galar y Culfor (1992)
- A Poet at Court: Antonio Hurtado de Mendoza, 1586–1644 (1971)
- Tan Tro Nesaf (1976)
- Dyddiadur Awstralia (1986)
- Meic Stephens (12 March 2009). "Gareth Alban Davies: Poet who combined Welsh and Hispanic interests in his work". The Independent. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
- "Gareth A Davies – full obituary". University of Leeds. 23 February 2009. Archived from the original on 26 February 2009. Retrieved 19 December 2009.
- Meic Stephens (17 March 2007). "Caryl Davies, Historian of linguistic scholarship". The Independent. Retrieved 19 December 2009.
- University of Leeds, Obituary