Like the eight other stations on the Dan Ryan Branch, Garfield Station was built by architect Skidmore, Owings & Merrill under a simple design. The station opened on September 28, 1969, before being entirely renovated from 2005 to 2006. The renovation will have allowed the embellishment of the station, thanks to the installation of a work of art in the main entrance of the station. The only difference with respect to its colleagues of Dan Ryan Branch, it is that for technical reasons a canopy identical to the others could not be added. Garfield station thus contains its original canopy, and the covered zones before restoration were it thanks to the stowing of panels, installed in a different way with the bridge over the Dan Ryan Expressway.
In 2013, the station was renovated with a new elevator installed (along with 87th and 63rd) as part of the Red Line South Reconstruction project and made all the stations on the Dan Ryan branch accessible.