Garfield Township, Finney County, Kansas
Location in Finney County
|• Total||431.14 sq mi (1,116.65 km2)|
|• Land||430.75 sq mi (1,115.64 km2)|
|• Water||0.39 sq mi (1.01 km2) 0.09%|
|Elevation||2,625 ft (800 m)|
|• Density||0.8/sq mi (0.3/km2)|
|GNIS feature ID||0485251|
Historically the Garfield Township was organized as Garfield County in 1887. In 1893, the Kansas Supreme Court ruled that the county was illegally organized for not having the required 432 square miles (1,120 km2) of area, and the county was annexed to Finney County, forming the current township.
Garfield County was created by an act of the Kansas state legislature on March 23, 1887. It consisted of what is now the eastern portion of Finney County north of Gray County, Kansas. The county was named after President James A. Garfield, who had been assassinated six years earlier.
The brief history of the county was marked by a bitter and sometimes violent rivalry between two towns, Ravanna and Eminence, over which would serve as county seat. During a vote on this issue held in 1887, Bat Masterson and twenty deputies from Dodge City were sent to the county to keep the peace. Ravanna won the election by just 35 votes. The citizens of Eminence charged that the ballot boxes had been stuffed. The Kansas Supreme Court agreed, and in 1889 the county seat was transferred to Eminence.
Ravanna countered by hiring surveyors who determined that the county had less than the minimum of 432 square miles (1,120 km2) required for the formation of a county under Article 9 of the Kansas State Constitution. In 1892, the Kansas Supreme Court ruled that Garfield County had indeed been illegally organized in the first place. On March 18, 1893, it was annexed to neighboring Finney County.
Both Ravanna and Eminence are now ghost towns.
Garfield Township covers an area of 431.14 square miles (1,116.6 km2) and contains no incorporated settlements. According to the USGS, it contains two cemeteries: Eminence and Garfield. Garfield Township is also a home to number of ghost towns.
- Pictures of the ruins of Ravanna, Kansas, by "Forlorn Beauty" on Flickr
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