Garford-Putilov Armoured Car
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|Garfield-Putilov Armoured Car|
A Garford-Putilov in the 1920s.
|Place of origin||Russian Empire|
|Used by||Russian Empire|
|1 x 76.2 mm cannon|
|2-3 Maxim machine guns|
|Speed||10–11 mph (16–18 km/h)|
Garford-Putilov armoured cars were a type of armoured fighting vehicle produced in Russia during the First World War era. They were built on the frames of Garford Motor Truck Co. lorries imported from the United States.
Although considered to be a rugged and reliable machine by its users, the Garford-Putilov was severely underpowered. With a total weight of about 11 tons, and only a 30 hp engine, the vehicles had a top speed of approximately 10–11 mph (16–18 km/h). The design was also overloaded (top-heavy), and therefore had very limited (if any) off-road capability.
Armament consisted of a single 76.2 mm cannon in a turret with 270 degrees of traverse at the rear of the vehicle, and two or three 7.62 mm machine guns. Two of these machines guns were in casemate-like mounts towards the front of the vehicle, but the guns could not provide full frontal cover at short range.
- Russian Empire
- German Empire — Used captured vehicles from the Russian army.
- Second Polish Republic — Captured from the Red Army during the Polish–Soviet War.
- Soviet Russia — Captured from the Russian army during the October Revolution.
- Latvia — captured or deserted from the Red Army during the Latvian War of Independence
Besides the countries that emerged from the ruins of the old Russian Empire, Garford-Putilov armoured cars were also deployed by German forces. The Germans captured several of the vehicles, and put them to some use towards the end of World War I, and post-Armistice in the "Freikorps".
Putilov-Garford was often categorized with more heavily armored vehicles such as British Austin Armoured Car. Bolsheviks used these armored cars against the British tanks during the Russian Civil War. It was the only World War I armored machine that could face the tanks. In the Soviet army, Putilov-Garford remained until the end of the World War II when they were used against attacking German troops.
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