Garhbeta I

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Garhbeta I
গড়বেতা I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Garhbeta I is located in West Bengal
Garhbeta I
Garhbeta I
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°52′N 87°22′E / 22.86°N 87.36°E / 22.86; 87.36Coordinates: 22°52′N 87°22′E / 22.86°N 87.36°E / 22.86; 87.36
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 361.87 km2 (139.72 sq mi)
Elevation 41 m (135 ft)
Population (20i1)
 • Total 228,513
 • Density 630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721121 (Amlagora)
721127 (Garhbeta)
721165 (Kharkusma)
Area code(s) 03227
Vehicle registration WB-34
Literacy 72.21%
Lok Sabha constituency Jhargram
Vidhan Sabha constituency Garbeta
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Garhbeta I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Medinipur Sadar subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

In Garhbeta I CD Block 85% of the cultivated area has alluvial soil and 15% has lateritic soil. Garbeta I CD Block is drought prone.[1]

Garbeta is located at 22°52′N 87°22′E / 22.86°N 87.36°E / 22.86; 87.36.

Garhbeta I CD Block is bounded by Bishnupur, Joypur and Kotulpur CD Blocks in Bankura district in the north, Goghat II CD Block in Hooghly district and Chandrakona I and Chandrakona II CD Blocks in the east, Garhbeta III CD Block in the south and Garhbeta II CD Block in the west.[2][3]

It is located 58 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[2]

Garhbeta I CD Block has an area of 361.87 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 12 gram panchayats, 162 gram sansads (village councils), 371 mouzas and 306 inhabited villages. Garhbeta and Goaltore police stations serve this block.[4]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Garbeta.[5]

Garhbeta I CD Block had a forest cover of 7,460 hectares, against a total geographical area of 36,117 hectares in 2005-06.[6]

Gram panchayats of Garhbeta I block/ panchayat samiti are: Agra, Amkopa, Amlagora, Baramura, Benachapra, Dhadika, Garanga, Garhbeta, Kadrauttarbil, Kharkusma, Sandhipur and Shyamnagar.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Garhbeta I CD Block had a total population of 228,513, of which 218,239 were rural and 10,274 were urban. There were 116.620 (51%) males and 111,893 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 28,076. Scheduled Castes numbered 55,133 (24.13%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 18,134 (7.93%).[8]

As per the 2001 census, Garhbeta I block had a total population of 200,393, out of which 102,687 were males and 97,706 were females. Garhbeta I block registered a population growth of 18.59 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[10]

Census Towns in Garhbeta I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Garbeta (5,109) and Amlagora (5,165).[8]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Garhbeta I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Khar Kusum (5,428) and Lapuria (4,787).[8]

Other villages in Garhbeta I CD Block include (2011census figures in brackets): Bera Chapra (2,079), Agra (1,042), Dhadhika (2,566), Shyamnagar (1,565), Garanga (1,179) and Amkopa (396).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Garhbeta I CD Block was 144,728 (72.21% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 80,544 (78.80% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 64,184 (65.41% of the female population over 6 years).The gender gap in literacy rates was 13.39%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by 55.93% of the tribal population of the district. The Bhumij, forming 11.16% of the tribal population, and the Mundas, forming 6.10% of the tribal population, speak Mundari. Other small groups include Koras and Mahalis. The Lodhas, forming 3.85% of the tribal population, the only primitive tribe in the district, speak Lodhi.[11]

Religion in Garhbeta I CD Block
Hindu
  
75.05%
Muslim
  
22.21%
Others
  
2.74%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 171,514 and formed 75.05% of the population in Garhbeta I CD Block. Muslims numbered 50,743 and formed 22.21% of the population. Others numbered 6,256 and formed 2.74% of the population.[12] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,.[13] Christians and other religious communities.[12]

BPL families[edit]

In Garhbeta I CD Block 36.17% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[14]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[14]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

303 or 82% of mouzas in Garhbeta I CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[15]

308 mouzas in Garhbeta I CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 304 fertiliser depots, 485 seed stores and 53 fair price shops in the CD Block.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Garhbeta I CD Block

  Bargadars (5.42%)
  Patta holders (28.40%)
  Small farmers (4.51%)
  Marginal farmers (21.27%)
  Agricultural labourers (34.88%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[16]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Garhbeta I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 5.42%, patta (document) holders 28.40%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 4.51%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 21.27% and agricultural labourers 34.88%.[15]

In 2005-06 the nett cropped area in Garhbeta I CD Block was 18,452 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 17,826 hectares.[17]

The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominantly agricultural economy.[18]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Garhbeta I CD Block was 18,960 hectares, out of which 800 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 510 hectares by tank water, 6,615 hectares by deep tubewells, 9,655 hectares by shallow tube wells, 340 hectares by river lift irrigation, 380 hectares by open dug wells and 660 hectares by other methods.[15]

In 2013-14, Garhbeta I CD Block produced 34,153 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 19,350 hectares, 5,126 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 2,443 hectares, 1,556 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 522 hectares, 86 tonnes of wheat from 40 hectares and 72,472 tonnes of potatoes from 5,789 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[15]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Garhbeta I CD Block had offices of 11 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[15]

Transport[edit]

Garhbeta I CD Block has 9 ferry services and 18 originating/ terminating bus routes.[15]

The Kharagpur-Adra line of South Eastern Railway passes through this CD Block and there is a station at Garbeta.[19]

NH 14, (old numbering NH 60), running from Morgram (in Murshidabad district) to Kharagpur (in Paschim Medinipur district), passes through this CD Block.[20]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Garhbeta I CD Block had 180 primary schools with 14,190 students, 22 middle schools with 2,184 students, 7 high schools with 6,728 students and 15 higher secondary schools with 17,955 students. Garhbeta I CD Block had 1 general college with 1,925 students and 435 institutions for special and non-formal education with 17,780 students.[15]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Garhbeta I CD Block out of the total 177 primary schools in 2008-2009, 102 had pucca buildings, 10 partially pucca, 3 kacha and 62 multiple type. [21]

Garhbeta College was established at Garbeta in 1948 and is affiliated to Vidyasagar University. It offers honours in English, Bengali, history, philosophy, geography, physics, chemistry, mathematics, botany and zoology.[22]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Garhbeta I CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 3 primary health centres, and 1 private nursing home with total 85 beds and 7 doctors. It had 37 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 9,424 patients were treated indoor and 138,809 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). page 26 (Predominant Soil), pages 265- 268 (Identification of Flood prone areas, Names of drought prone blocks). Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Garbeta i Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Page 217 Scheduled Tribe Community. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 177. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter V: Economic Livelihoods, pages 129-131. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "58601 Kharagpur-Adra Passenger". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  20. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page: 60. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  22. ^ "Garhbeta College". GC. Retrieved 5 January 2017.