Garhwa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

{{Infobox settlement | name = Garhwa | native_name = | native_name_lang = | other_name = | nickname = | settlement_type = CITY | image_skyline = | image_alt = | image_caption = | pushpin_map = India Jharkhand#India | pushpin_label_position = | pushpin_map_alt = | pushpin_map_caption = Location in Jharkhand, India | coordinates = 24°11′N 83°49′E / 24.18°N 83.82°E / 24.18; 83.82Coordinates: 24°11′N 83°49′E / 24.18°N 83.82°E / 24.18; 83.82 | subdivision_type = Country | subdivision_name =  India | subdivision_type1 = State | subdivision_name1 = Jharkhand | subdivision_type2 = District | subdivision_name2 = Garhwa | established_title = | established_date = | founder = | named_for = | government_type = | governing_body = | unit_pref = Metric | area_footnotes = | area_rank = | area_total_km2 = | elevation_footnotes = | elevation_m = 197 | population_total = 46059 | population_as_of = 2011 | population_rank = | population_density_km2 = auto | population_demonym = | population_footnotes = | demographics_type1 = Languages | demographics1_title1 = Official | demographics1_info1 = [[Hindi language|Hindi bhojpuri | timezone1 = IST | utc_offset1 = +5:30 | postal_code_type = | postal_code = 82

2114 | registration_plate =JH | website = | footnotes = }} Garhwa is a city and a municipality in, and headquarters of, Garhwa district in the state of Jharkhand, India. Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Bihar are nearby states. Garhwa Road (Rehla) is a major Railway Junction where thousands of passengers find this station most convenient to catch their train for Delhi and Kolkata. You can find bus services for Ranchi, Ambikapur, Gaya

History[edit]

The erstwhile Garhwa Subdivision of Palamau district consisting of 8 Blocks was separated from Palamau district as an independent district "Garhwa" with effect from 1 April 1991.[1] It is situated on Southwest corner of Palamau division, which lies between 23060’and 24039’ N latitude and 83022’ and 84000’ E longitude. The district is surrounded by river Sone in the north; Palamau district and area of Chhattisgarh in the south; Palamau district in the east and Surguja district of Chhattisgarh and Sonebhadra district of U.P. in the west. Garhwa district is a part of Palamau Commissionery consisting of 14 blocks and two subdivisions namely Garhwa and Nagar-Untrai.Garhwa and ranka once ruled by Ranka royal family. Raja bahadur Giriwar narain Singh donated 108000acres of land in bhodan movement to villagers.

Geography[edit]

Garhwa is located at 24°11′N 83°49′E / 24.18°N 83.82°E / 24.18; 83.82.[2] It has an average elevation of 197 m (646 ft).

Nearest railway station is Garhwa Town, Indian Railway Code for Garhwa town is GHQ.[3] Another nearby railway station (around 10 km away) is Garwa Road, Indian Railway Code for Garhwa road is GHD.[4]

Transport[edit]

Garhwa railway station is a railway station for Garhwa city.

Garhwa is located 1,036 kilometres (644 mi) south east of New Delhi and is accessible by train to Garwa Road Junction from Lucknow, Patna, Ranchi, Kota, Bhopal Junction, Delhi, Jabalpur, Kolkata, Varanasi and Gaya. The nearest airport is 165 kilometres (103 mi) away in Ranchi.

Gahrwa is well connected with Patna, Ranchi, Kolkata, Durgapur, Varanasi, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Delhi, Lucknow, Allahabad, Kota, Kanpur, Ramanujganj and Renukoot etc. by road.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Garhwa had a population of 46059. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Garhwa has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 69%, and female literacy is 51%. In Garhwa, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External References[edit]