Garhwal District

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This article is about a past district. It is not to be confused with Garhwal division.

Garhwal District is a former district of British India, in the Kumaon Division of the United Provinces, and had an area of 5,629 sq mi (14,580 km2).[1] It later became a part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

History[edit]

The first dynasty that ruled over Uttrakhand was Katyuri. It marked various milestones in the area of inscriptions and temples. After the downfall of Katyuris the whole of Garhwal region was broken up into more than sixty four principalities which were ruled by a chieftain.[2] Originally Garhwal had 52 Garhs (fortress). These garhs were small and had their own chiefs who were responsible for the welfare of the garh. The Garhwal Kingdom was found by one of the chief named Ajay Pal, who reduced the petty garhs and brought them under his own chieftainship. He and his ancestors ruled over Garhwal and Tehri till 1803. During their rule they encountered various attacks from "Mughals", "Sikhs", "Rohillas" and "Gorkhas". The Gorkha invasion was marked by severe brutality and massacre. The Garhwalis started associating the term "Gorkhyani" with massacre. Despite the efforts of the Garhwalis the Gorkhas managed to capture till Langoorgarh but had to retreat due to an attack by the Chinese army.[2] In 1803 the Gurkhas invaded Kumaon and Garhwal yet again and drove the Garhwal chief away. For the next 12 years the Gurkhas ruled over Garhwal. In 1814 they got into a war with the British for encroaching on their territory. Garhwal and Kumaon then became a British district. Garhwal had an area of 5629 sq. mil and was under the Kumaon division.[3] After independence garhwal, Almora and Nainital were administered by the commissioner of Kumaon division. In 1960 Chamoli was removed out of the Garhwal region. In 1969 Garhwal division was established and Pauri was made its headquarters.[2]

Garhwal
Mussorie hills

In this district Krishan kumar Panchuri read in primary school at village Kaleth Patti manyar Syun between kanskhet and Satpuli town.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Garhwal Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
  2. ^ a b c "Garhwal3".  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "e.u._uttranchal3" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  3. ^ "Garhwal". 

Coordinates: 30°15′N 79°20′E / 30.250°N 79.333°E / 30.250; 79.333