Garifuna Americans

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Garifuna Americans
Flag of Garifuna.svg Flag of United States.svg
Total population
c. 200,000 (2011)[1]
Regions with significant populations
American English, Garifuna, Spanish language
Predominantly Roman Catholic
Minority Protestantism
Related ethnic groups
Afro-Caribbean, Afro-Honduran, Afro-Guatemalans, Afro-Nicaraguans, Caribbean American, West Indian

Garifuna Americans or Black Carib Americans are Americans of Garifuna descent with origins from Honduras, Guatemala, Belize, Nicaragua, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.[2] They trace their ancestry to the Garifuna, who were descendents of Arawak, Kalinago (Island Carib), and Afro-Caribbean people living in Saint Vincent.[3]

Cultural events[edit]

As of 2012, Abrazo Garifuna in New York, an event celebrating the contributions of Garifuna Americans to New York City is in its second year.[4] Abrazo Garifuna in New York continues to be held annually as of 2014.[5]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Agudelo, Carlos (2011). "Los garifunas, identidades y reivindicaciones de un pueblo afrodescendiente de América Central". Afrodescendencia: Aproximaciones contemporáneas desde América Latina y el Caribe (PDF) (in Spanish). pp. 59–66. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  2. ^ Turin, Mark (16 December 2012). "New York, a graveyard for languages". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  3. ^ Crawford, MH; Gonzalez, NL; Schanfield, MS; Dykes, DD; Skradski, K; Polesky, HF (February 1981). "The Black Caribs (Garifuna) of Livingston, Guatemala: Genetic Markers and Admixture Estimates". Human Biology. 53 (1): 87–103. JSTOR 414645961. PMID 7239494.
  4. ^ "Senator Ruben Diaz to celebrate the 2nd "Abrazo Garifuna in New York"". New York State Senate. 15 March 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  5. ^ "Senator Ruben Diaz to celebrate the 3rd "Abrazo Garifuna in New York"". New York State Senate. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2014.

Further reading[edit]

  • Chaney, James. "Malleable Identities: Placing The Garínagu In New Orleans." Journal of Latin American Geography 11.2 (2012): 121-144. Academic Search Complete. Web. 20 June 2015.
  • England, Sarah. "Transnational Movements, Racialized Space", Afro Central Americans in New York City: Garifuna Tales of Transnational Movements in Racialized Space. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2006: 29
  • Matthei, Linda M., and David A. Smith. "Flexible Ethnic Identity, Adaptation, Survival, Resistance: The Garifuna In The World-System." Social Identities 14.2 (2008): 215-232. Academic Search Complete. Web. 20 June 2015.
  • Swain, Liz. "Garifuna Americans." Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America. Ed. Jeffrey Lehman. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2000. 686-697. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 20 June 2015.

External links[edit]