Garifuna music

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Garifuna music is an ethnic music and dance with African, Arawak, and Kalinago elements, originating with the Afro-Indigenous Garifuna people from Central America and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. In 2001, Garifuna music, dance, and language were collectively proclaimed as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.[1]


Two main Garifuna genres are punta and paranda.[2]

There are different types of songs that are associated with work, some with play, some with dance and some that are reserved for prayer or ritual use.[3]


The main traditional instruments are drums and maracas.[3]

Drums play an important role in Garifuna music. The main drum is the Segunda (bass drum). The drums are normally made by hollowing out logs and stretching antelope skin over them.[3]

Notable performers[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Language, Dance and Music of the Garifuna". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.
  2. ^ Michael Stone. "400 years of fury, 400 years of sound". Roots World. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "Garifuna Music and Dance". National Garifuna Council of Belize. Archived from the original on 13 November 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2015.