Garin Nugroho Riyanto
6 June 1961
|Years active||1984 – present|
Garin Nugroho Riyanto (born 6 June 1961), better known as Garin Nugroho, is an Indonesian film director.
Nugroho was born in Yogyakarta, Special Region of Yogyakarta on 6 June 1961. He was the fourth child of postal workers Soetjipto Amin and Mariah, who eventually had seven children. As a child, he attended an Islamic elementary school, later attending Catholic secondary schools. His father owned a lending library and enjoyed writing, leading Nugroho to start writing from a young age; he later quit writing because he felt his father to be too critical. He also enjoyed exploring, and would bathe in the Code River fed by the cold lahar runoffs from Mount Merapi; he notes that the sulfur, which was brought to the river by the lava, was good for his skin.
After graduating from Kolese Loyola high school in 1981, Nugroho went to Jakarta to study filmmaking at the Jakarta Institute of Arts (Institut Kesenian Jakarta, or IKJ), as well as law and politics at the University of Indonesia (UI). After studying under Teguh Karya, he graduated from the IKJ in 1985. He later graduated from UI in 1991. During his free time, Nugroho directed documentaries and short movies.
Nugroho made his directorial debut with 1991's Cinta dalam Sepotong Roti (Love in a Slice of Bread), overcoming bureaucracy caused by his refusal to join the Indonesian filmmakers' union. Cinta dalam Sepontong Roti was selected as Best Film in that year's Indonesian Film Festival.
After his mother's death in 2005, Nugroho decided to make a film about Javanese culture. He was later commissioned by the government of Austria to make a film for the 250th anniversary of Mozart's birth. The result, Opera Jawa, was based on the Ramayana and produced by Simon Fields.
The Jakarta Post writes that Nugroho's films emphasize aesthetics, but contain sociopolitical messages. Among the issues he has discussed in his films are multiculturalism, politics, intercultural communication, and his vision for a "New Indonesia". However, he has faced criticism that his films are too difficult for the general public to understand; Seno Gumira Ajidarma credits this to Nugroho's narrative style, which comes across as strange to Indonesian viewers.
Joko Anwar, writing for The Jakarta Post, notes that dialogue written by Nugroho tends to lack believability. Sylviana Hamdani of The Jakarta Globe describes his dialogue as poetic. Nugroho also mixes historical footage with staged scenes in several of his movies, including Surat Untuk Bidadari and Aku Ingin Menciummu Sekali Saja.
Nugroho's debut film Cinta dalam Sepotong Roti garnered six Citra award nominations (Best Director, Best Movie, Best Editing, Best Music, Best Artistic Scenes and Best Cinematography) at the Indonesian Film Festival (IFF); Nugroho was selected as the Best Young Director at the Asia Pacific Film Festival in Seoul the next year. His next movie, Surat untuk Bidadari (Letter for an Angel), won Best Film at the Taormina Film Festival as well as the Tokyo International Film Festival, while Nugroho himself received Best Director at the Pyongyang International Film Festival and Young Filmmakers Jury award at the Berlin International Film Festival.
Nugroho enjoys gardening and travelling, both in Indonesia and abroad.
- 1984: Gerbong Satu, Dua (Wagon 1, 2)
- 1989: Tepuk Tangan
- 1991: Cinta Dalam Sepotong Roti (Love in a Slice of Bread)
- 1991: Air dan Romi (Water and Romi)
- 1994: Surat untuk Bidadari (Letter to an Angel)
- 1995: Dongeng Kancil untuk Kemerdekaan (Kancil's Tale of Freedom)
- 1995: Bulan Tertusuk Ilalang (...and the Moon Dances)
- 1998: My Family, My Films and My Nation
- 1998: Daun di Atas Bantal (Leaf on a Pillow)
- 2000: Puisi Tak Terkuburkan (A Poet)
- 2001: Layar hidup: Tanjung priok/Jakarta (Waterfront)
- 2002: Rembulan di Ujung Dahan (TV)
- 2002: Aku Ingin Menciummu Sekali Saja (Bird Man Tale)
- 2004: Rindu Kami Padamu (Of Love and Eggs)
- 2006: Serambi
- 2006: Opera Jawa (Requiem from Java)
- 2008: Di Bawah Pohon (Under the Tree)
- 2009: Generasi Biru (The Blue Generation)
- 2012: Soegija
- 2016: Setan Jawa 
- Anwar, Joko E.H. (19 June 1999). "Garin's new film cements his reputation". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 30 January 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Hamdani, Sylviana (31 August 2011). "Indonesia's Picture Perfect Director". Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 20 October 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Helmi, Kunang (27 March 2011). "'Javanese Opera' comes to Paris". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 27 August 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Hua, Lei (9 August 2002). "The Phenomenon of Garin". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 13 August 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- "Garin Nugroho lands Tokyo retrospective". The Jakarta Post. 19 June 1999. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Poer, Blontank (8 September 2008). "Garin returns to the theater with 'The Iron Bed'". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Setiawati, Indah (21 November 2010). "Garin Nugroho: Simple things make a difference". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Cheah, Philip; et al., eds. (2002). Membaca Film Garin [Reading Garin's Films] (in Indonesian). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. ISBN 978-979-9483-18-8.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Garin Nugroho.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Garin Nugroho|
- Garin Nugroho on IMDb
- "To explore one of the dark episodes in Indonesian history" 19 September 2001 interview with Richard Phillips on the World Socialist Web Site
- Setan Jawa film