Garissa

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Not to be confused with Garissa County.
Garissa
Gaarisa
Town
The Almond Resort in Garissa.
The Almond Resort in Garissa.
Garissa is located in Kenya
Garissa
Garissa
Location in Kenya.
Coordinates: 0°27′25″S 39°39′30″E / 0.45694°S 39.65833°E / -0.45694; 39.65833Coordinates: 0°27′25″S 39°39′30″E / 0.45694°S 39.65833°E / -0.45694; 39.65833
Country  Kenya
County Garissa County
Population (2009)
 • Total 119,696[1]
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Garissa (Somali: Gaarisa) is the capital of Garissa County, Kenya. It is situated in the former North Eastern Province.

Geography[edit]

Garissa is located at 0°27′25″S 39°39′30″E / 0.45694°S 39.65833°E / -0.45694; 39.65833. The Tana River, which rises at the Aberdare Mountains west of Nyeri, flows through the city.

The Bour-Algi Giraffe Sanctuary, situated 5 km south of Garissa, is home to endangered wildlife including the Rothschild giraffe, gerenuk and other herbivores including Kirk's dik-dik, lesser kudu, warthog and waterbuck.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2009 census, the town has a total population of 119,696.[1]

Most of Garissa's inhabitants are Somalis.[2] These are further sub-divided into clans, with the Ogaden sub-clan of the Somali Darod especially well represented. There are also a small number of other minority ethnic groups, commonly referred to as corner tribes.

Economy[edit]

A BP gas station in downtown Garissa.

Garissa is a market center and the commercial hub of the Garissa County.[3] The town even has a university, Garissa University College.

Banks with a presence in Garissa include the Gulf African Bank situated in the Al-Wayf Quran House, the Postbank in the Garissa Shopping Centre, and the First Community Bank (FCB) in the Bajwed Building.[4] Other banks with branches in the city include Barclays Bank, Equity Bank,[5] Kenya Commercial Bank,[6] National Bank of Kenya,[7] Chase Bank and Cooperative Bank of Kenya.[8]

Livestock production is a significant part of the town's economy. Between 2005 and 2007, Garissa cattle producers earned over 1.8 billion shillings in sales in domestic and overseas markets. Construction on a new abattoir also began in October 2007.[9] In terms of livestock imports, most of Garissa's cattle comes from cross-border trade between Somali livestock merchants.[10]

Terrorist Attack 2015[edit]

On 2 April 2015, gunmen stormed the Garissa University College killing 147 people, and injuring 79 or more. The militant group and Al-Qaeda offshoot, Al-Shabaab, which the gunmen claimed to be from, took responsibility for the attack. The gunmen took over 700 students hostage, freeing Muslims and killing those who identified as Christians. The siege ended the same day, when all four of the attackers were killed. Five men were later arrested in connection with the attack, and a bounty was placed for the arrest of a suspected organizer. It was the second deadliest terrorist attack in Kenyan history since independence (after the 1998 United States embassy bombing in Nairobi, in which 213 people were killed).

Governance[edit]

As the capital of Garissa County, Garissa is the seat of the County Government of Garissa as well as the County Assembly. The city is represented by Aden Bare Duale, a Somali Member of Parliament for the Garissa Township Constituency in the National Assembly of Kenya. He was elected to the position in the 2013 General Elections through the United Republican Party, an affiliate party of the Jubilee Alliance. He currently serves as the Majority Leader in the Parliament. Nathif Jama Adam is the incumbent Governor of Garissa County.

Accommodation[edit]

Several establishments in the city offer accommodation. Among these hotels and guest houses are the Almond Hotel, Xiddig Hotel and Nomad Palace Hotel.[11]

Climate[edit]

Garissa's landscape is mostly arid, desert terrain. The city lies along the Tana River, and has a very warm/hot climate due to the low elevation and distance away from the cooler coastal areas. The daytime temperature typically rises above 33 °C (91 °F), every day, but returns to a mild temperature, every night (see chart below).

Climate data for Garissa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 36.7
(98.1)
37.8
(100)
38.3
(100.9)
37.0
(98.6)
35.8
(96.4)
34.1
(93.4)
33.6
(92.5)
33.8
(92.8)
35.1
(95.2)
36.3
(97.3)
36.2
(97.2)
35.4
(95.7)
35.8
(96.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
30.6
(87.1)
31.4
(88.5)
30.7
(87.3)
29.6
(85.3)
27.9
(82.2)
27.4
(81.3)
27.6
(81.7)
28.4
(83.1)
29.7
(85.5)
29.9
(85.8)
29.2
(84.6)
29.3
(84.7)
Average low °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
23.3
(73.9)
24.4
(75.9)
24.5
(76.1)
23.3
(73.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.7
(71.1)
23.1
(73.6)
23.6
(74.5)
23.0
(73.4)
22.8
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.9
(0.469)
5.5
(0.217)
48.6
(1.913)
89.7
(3.531)
15.5
(0.61)
5.2
(0.205)
3.4
(0.134)
6.6
(0.26)
8.4
(0.331)
30.0
(1.181)
96.9
(3.815)
51.9
(2.043)
373.6
(14.709)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 2 3 4 5 2 0 0 2 2 3 4 2 29
Mean monthly sunshine hours 251.1 235.2 263.5 273.0 282.1 255.0 254.2 257.3 270.0 279.0 252.0 241.8 3,114.2
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.1 8.4 8.5 9.1 9.1 8.5 8.2 8.3 9.0 9.0 8.4 7.8 8.53
Source: NOAA[12][13]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]