(L.) Cass. ex Spach
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Glebionis coronaria, formerly called Chrysanthemum coronarium, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family. It is native to the Mediterranean region. East Asia. It is also cultivated and naturalized in East Asia and in scattered locations in North America.
Glebionis coronaria is used as a leaf vegetable. English language common names include garland chrysanthemum, chrysanthemum greens, edible chrysanthemum, crowndaisy chrysanthemum, chop suey green, crown daisy, and Japanese-green.
The vegetable grows very well in mild or slightly cold climates, but will go quickly into premature flowering in warm summer conditions. Seeds are sown in early spring and fall.
"The plant is rich in minerals and vitamins with potassium concentrations at 610 mg/100 g and carotene at 3.4 g/100 g in edible portions. In addition, the plant contains various antioxidants (in stem, leaf,and root tissues) that have potential long-term benefits for human health, although toxic (dioxin) properties have also been observed. Extracts from C. coronarium var. spatiosum have been shown to inhibit growth of Lactobacillus casei, a beneficial human intestinal bacterium."
The plant's greens are used in many Asian cuisines. They appear in Cantonese dishes and Hong Kong cuisine in stews, casseroles, and hotpots. The leaves are also an important ingredient in Taiwanese oyster omelettes and, when young, are used along with stems to flavor soup and stir-fry. In Japan, it is used in nabemono. Korean cookery uses the greens in soups, stews, and alone as a side dish (banchan). In a hotpot, it is added at the last moment to the pot to avoid overcooking.
|Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)|
|Energy||99 kJ (24 kcal)|
|Dietary fiber||3 g|
|Vitamin A equiv.||
|Pantothenic acid (B5)||
|Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
- English: Crown Daisy
- Japanese: 春菊 shungiku
- tangho, tongho or pinyin: tónghāo
- Chinese: 皇帝菜; pinyin: huángdì cài
- Hebrew: חרצית (pronounced "Chartzith")
- Korean: 쑥갓 (ssukgat)
- Thai: ผักตั้งโอ๋ (pak thang-o)
- Standard Tibetan: སྐལ་བཟང་ (Wylie: skal bzang) kelsang, kaysang, skalzang
- Vietnamese: tần ô or cải cúc
- Maltese: lellux
- "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- Altervista Flora Italiana, Glebionis coronaria (L.) Spach includes photos and European distribution map
- Flora of China, Glebionis coronaria (Linnaeus) Cassini ex Spach, 1841. 茼蒿 tong hao
- Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
- Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) Online Database. "Taxon: Glebionis coronaria (L.) Cass. ex Spach". GRIN Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "쑥갓" [crowndaisy chrysanthemum]. Korea Biodiversity Information System (in Korean). Korea National Arboretum. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
- Flora of North America, Glebionis coronaria (Linnaeus) Cassini ex Spach, 1841. Crown daisy, garland chrysanthemum
- Teixeira da Silva, J. A., et al. (2005). Important secondary metabolites and essential oils of species within the Anthemideae (Asteraceae). Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants 11(1), 1-4.