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For the administrative subdivision, see Garmsar County. For the administrative subdivision of Kerman Province, see Garmsar Rural District.
Aerial View East-Northeast of Garmsar
Aerial View East-Northeast of Garmsar
Garmsar is located in Iran
Coordinates: 35°13′06″N 52°20′27″E / 35.21833°N 52.34083°E / 35.21833; 52.34083Coordinates: 35°13′06″N 52°20′27″E / 35.21833°N 52.34083°E / 35.21833; 52.34083
Country  Iran
Province Semnan
County Garmsar
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 38,891
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Garmsar (Persian: گرمسار‎‎, also Romanized as Garmsār; formerly, Shahr-e Qeshlāq (Persian: شَهرِ قِشلاق‎‎), also, simply Qeshlāq)[1] is a city in and the capital of Garmsar County, Semnan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 38,891, in 10,951 families.[2]

Garmsar is located about 95 kilometres (59 mi) southeast of Tehran. It lies on the edge of Dasht-e Kavir, Iran's largest desert. Many people in the city commute to Tehran due to its proximity. Ghasre Bahram, The Stone Way, Stonvand Castle, the Sar Darre Mountains, and Kavir Desert National Park are tourist attractions located in the area.

Garmsar is also known for its high population of the educated people. It is the hometown of the last Islamic Republic President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

Alborz in Semnan Province.jpg


Garmsar has a Persian majority. Other languages such as Azeri and Kurdish are still spoken by older people from different ethnicities in the nearby villages. Younger generation speaks Persian and those languages are being forgotten by time.

Notable People[edit]

*abolfazl Ayazi

Agricultural Sector[edit]

The Hablehrood river originating from Dalichai-Firouzkooh flows to the plateau of Garmsar. Its water is extensively used for agriculture. Since salt water mixes with Hablehrood before its arrival to the city, the water is not fit for drinking. Hablehrood is the only permanent river in Semnan province. Thanks to the water provided by Hablehrood, people in Garmsar grow wheat, barley, cotton and yellow melon. Garmsar is known across Iran for its sweet and crispy yellow melons.[3]


The traditional cuisine of the city is called Tahchin. It should be noted not to be confused with the classical Tahchin which is common in other cities. Tahchin is a tasty and fragrant rice-based food where marinated raw meat is slowly cooked inside the rice on a low flame in few hours. [4]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Garmsar can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3063636" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^
  4. ^