Garrett J. Pendergrast
|Garrett Jesse Pendergrast|
Commodore Garrett J. Pendergrast, studio portrait by Mathew Brady
December 6, 1802|
|Died||November 7, 1862
|Buried||Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1812–1862|
|Battles/wars||War of 1812
Action of 2 March 1825
American Civil War
|Relations||Austin Pendergrast (nephew)|
Early life and career
On 27 October 1843 he recommissioned the sloop Boston at Boston, sailing to the South Atlantic to join the Brazil Squadron, where he remained for over two years, finally returning to the New York Navy Yard in February 1846.
At the age of 58, Pendergrast was one of the oldest officers in service. A native of Kentucky, he was married to Virginia Barron, the daughter of Commodore James Barron. Upon the Secession, she reportedly refused to accompany her husband in his allegiance to the United States and swore she would never live with him again.
The first significant victory for the U.S. Navy during the early phases of the Union blockade occurred on April 24, 1861, when Pendergrast and the Cumberland, accompanied by a small flotilla of support ships, began seizing Confederate ships and privateers in the vicinity of Fort Monroe off the Virginia coastline. Within the next two weeks, Pendergrast had captured 16 enemy vessels, serving early notice to the Confederate War Department that the blockade would be effective if extended.
Promoted to commodore on July 16, 1862, Pendergrast was assigned to command the Philadelphia Navy Yard, and was holding that position when he died of a paralytic stroke on November 7, 1862. He is buried at Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia.
- "US Navy Officers: 1778-1900 (P)". history.navy.mil. 2006. Archived from the original on 23 June 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "USS Boston (IV)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "USS Merrimack". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. 2004. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "USS Pawnee". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. 2004. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "USS Cumberland". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. 2004. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Time-Life, p.24.
- "Garrett J. Pendergrast (1802-1862)". findagrave.com. 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- The Civil War. The Blockade: Raiders and Runners. Time–Life Books, 1983.