Garrison, Iowa

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Garrison, Iowa
Location of Garrison, Iowa
Location of Garrison, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°8′37″N 92°8′35″W / 42.14361°N 92.14306°W / 42.14361; -92.14306Coordinates: 42°8′37″N 92°8′35″W / 42.14361°N 92.14306°W / 42.14361; -92.14306
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyBenton
Area
 • Total0.25 sq mi (0.65 km2)
 • Land0.25 sq mi (0.65 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
879 ft (268 m)
Population
 • Total371
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
361
 • Density1,484/sq mi (573.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
52229
Area code(s)319
FIPS code19-30000
GNIS feature ID0456854

Garrison is a city in Benton County, Iowa, United States. The population was 371 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Cedar Rapids Metropolitan Statistical Area.

It was named for the farmer, Nelson Garrison, who had the post office in his home west of town. He owned the property.(1872).[4]

Geography[edit]

Garrison is located at 42°8′37″N 92°8′35″W / 42.14361°N 92.14306°W / 42.14361; -92.14306 (42.143604, -92.143015).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.25 square miles (0.65 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1880255—    
1890367+43.9%
1900482+31.3%
1910438−9.1%
1920437−0.2%
1930432−1.1%
1940459+6.2%
1950457−0.4%
1960421−7.9%
1970383−9.0%
1980411+7.3%
1990320−22.1%
2000413+29.1%
2010371−10.2%
2016361−2.7%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2020-03-28. and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 371 people, 145 households, and 99 families living in the city. The population density was 1,484.0 inhabitants per square mile (573.0/km2). There were 166 housing units at an average density of 664.0 per square mile (256.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.2% White, 1.1% African American, 0.3% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 145 households of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 40.3 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 29.1% were from 45 to 64; and 13.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 413 people, 159 households, and 113 families living in the city. The population density was 1,673.3 people per square mile (637.8/km²). There were 177 housing units at an average density of 717.1 per square mile (273.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.82% White, 0.24% African American, 0.73% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.69% of the population.

There were 159 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $187,485, and the median income for a family was $215,983. Males had a median income of $205,423 versus $164,824 for females. The per capita income for the city was $126,857. About 10.5% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Vinton-Shellsburg Community School District operates public schools. The district was established on July 1, 1993 by the merger of the Vinton Community School District and the Shellsburg Community School District. The city was served by the Garrison school district until July 1, 1969, when it merged into the Vinton school district.[8]

Old Creamery Theatre[edit]

The Old Creamery Theatre Company is a not-for-profit professional theatre founded in 1971 in Garrison, Iowa. Ten theatre colleagues formed the company in a vacant building that had once served the community of Garrison as a co-op dairy – hence the name.[9]

A brief timeline of the Old Creamery Theatre Company in Garrison:[9]

  • 1971 – The Old Creamery's founding members move to Garrison to start The Old Creamery as a non-profit arts organization. The company's very first show, SPOON RIVER ANTHOLOGY, is presented at the Garrison Brick and Tile Works, and the first production was offered on tour to citizens of Iowa
  • 1972 – The company's first performing space opens in an abandoned creamery building
  • 1979 – The company opens its first studio theatre at the former Garrison Elementary School building
  • 1988 – At the invitation of The Amana Society, the theatre opens its first season at the welcome center in Amana, IA
  • 1996 – The company celebrates its 25th anniversary. The Garrison performance space closed

Life in Garrison[edit]

In 2007, a description of life years ago in Garrison was published. The book is called Little Heathens: Hard Times and High Spirits on an Iowa Farm During the Great Depression (ISBN 978-0-553-38424-6). It was written by Mildred Armstrong Kalish who grew up in Garrison and became a Professor of English. The book tells of "a time, a place, and a way of life long gone." Elizabeth Gilbert in the New York Times Book Review wrote of Little Heathens: "Not only trustworthy and useful, but also polished by real, rare happiness. It is a very good book, indeed. In fact, it's averyveryverygoodbook."

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ Garrison 1873-1973: Recollections of the Century, page7, 52.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "REORGANIZATION & DISSOLUTION ACTIONS SINCE 1965-66" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  9. ^ a b "Old Creamery :: History". Old Creamery Theatre Company.

External links[edit]

  • City-Data Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Garrison