Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications

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Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications
Elvas e muralhas.jpg
Walls and fortifications of Elvas
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location Elvas, Portugal, Portugal Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 38°52′50″N 7°09′48″W / 38.8806°N 7.1633°W / 38.8806; -7.1633
Includes Forte de Santa Luzia
Muralhas de Elvas
Praça-forte de Elvas
Aqueduto da Amoreira
Castle of Elvas
Nossa Senhora da Graça Fort Edit this on Wikidata
Criteria Cultural: (iv) Edit this on Wikidata[1]
Reference 1367
Inscription 2012 (36th Session)
Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications is located in Portugal
Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications
Location of Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications

The Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications is a Unesco World Heritage Site, inscribed in the World Heritage list in 2012. Elvas is a Portuguese city in Alentejo, near the Portuguese-Spanish border.

The site, extensively fortified from the 17th to 19th centuries, represents the largest bulwarked dry ditch system in the world. Within its walls, the town contains barracks and other military buildings as well as churches and monasteries. While Elvas contains remains dating back to the 10th century, its fortification began during the Portuguese Restoration War. The fortifications played a major role in the Battle of the Lines of Elvas in 1659. The fortifications were designed by Dutch Jesuit Padre João Piscásio Cosmander and represent the best surviving example of the Dutch school of fortifications anywhere. The site consists the following:

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