Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications

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Coordinates: 38°52′50″N 7°9′48″W / 38.88056°N 7.16333°W / 38.88056; -7.16333

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Walls and fortifications of Elvas
Walls and fortifications of Elvas

Type Cultural
Criteria C (iv)
Reference 1367
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Coordinates 38°52′50″N 7°9′48″W / 38.88056°N 7.16333°W / 38.88056; -7.16333
Inscription history
Inscription 2012 (36th Session)

The Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications is a Unesco World Heritage Site, inscribed in the World Heritage list in 2012. Elvas is a Portuguese city in Alentejo, near the Portuguese-Spanish border.

The site, extensively fortified from the 17th to 19th centuries, represents the largest bulwarked dry ditch system in the world. Within its walls, the town contains barracks and other military buildings as well as churches and monasteries. While Elvas contains remains dating back to the 10th century, its fortification began during the Portuguese Restoration War. The fortifications designed by Dutch Jesuit Padre João Piscásio Cosmander represent the best surviving example of the Dutch school of fortifications anywhere. The site contains the following:

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