Garrotxa cheese

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Garrotxa
Formatge Garrotxa (2435282542) (cropped).jpg
Country of originSpain
Region, townGarrotxa, Catalonia
Source of milkGoats
PasteurizedYes
TextureSemifirm
Aging time1 to 2 months
CertificationNone
Commons page Related media on Wikimedia Commons

Garrotxa is a traditional Catalan goat's milk cheese.[1] Almost extinct by the early 1980s, it has been revived by a young cheesemakers and goat farmers' cooperative in the Garrotxa area of Catalonia.[1][2] The revival began in 1981,[3] and the cheese has since become widespread in artisanal production.[4]

Garrotxa is traditionally made from the milk of Murciana goats and aged in caves to enhance mold development and the resulting flavor.[1] Garrotxa is described as having a powdery gray or grayish-blue rind, a firm texture, an ivory-colored interior, and an earthy flavor.[1][4] The cheese is semi-soft.[4] Cheese wheels of Garrotxa are small (typically around three pounds) and mature relatively quickly in the humid Pyrenees.[2] Maturing time varies, but is typically between four and eight weeks.[2][3] The cheese is pasteurized.[2][4][5]

Garrotxa pairs well with crusty country bread,[1] pears,[1] and nuts, such as toasted hazelnuts,[1] or almonds or walnuts.[3] It may be served as tapas or at the end of a meal.[3] Garrotxa is sometimes described as a dessert cheese.[6] The cheese is mildly acidic.[7]

Wine pairing include white wines such as a Catalan Priorat,[3] or Pinot Gris, Verdejo, or Chardonnay with "texture to complement the cheese's buttery sweetness," or fino or dry amontillado sherry, to bring out the cheese's nuttiness.[2]

Some Catalans are seeking designation of origin status for Garrotxa.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Ari Weinzweig. Zingerman's Guide to Good Eating (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2003), p. 275.
  2. ^ a b c d e Janet Fletcher, Cheese & Wine: A Guide to Selecting, Pairing, and Enjoying (Chronicle Books, 2007), p. 70.
  3. ^ a b c d e Juliet Harbutt, The World Cheese Book (Penguin, 2009), p. 156.
  4. ^ a b c d e John W. Fischer, Cheese: Identification, Classification, Utilization (Cengage: 2010), p. 69.
  5. ^ Max McCalman & David Gibbons, Mastering Cheese: Lessons for Connoisseurship from a Maître Fromager (Random House: 2009), p. 151.
  6. ^ Janet Fletcher, Cheese & Beer (Andrews McMeel Publishing, 2013), p. 62.
  7. ^ Suzanne Maher & Andy Pforzheimer, The Barcelona Cookbook: A Celebration of Food, Wine, and Life (Andrews McMeel Publishing, 2009), p. 106.