Sol Gareth Davis
27 July 1921
Bar Harbor, Maine, U.S.
|Died||24 July 2013 (aged 91)|
|Citizenship||United States (1921–1948)|
|Alma mater||Carnegie Mellon University|
East West University
|Occupation||Peace and world citizenship activist|
|Organization||International Registry of World Citizens|
World Service Authority
|Known for||Popularizing world citizenship|
|Children||Kristina Starr Davis|
Sol Gareth "Garry" Davis (27 July 1921 – 24 July 2013) was an international peace activist best known for renouncing his American citizenship and interrupting the United Nations in 1948 to advocate for world government as a way to end nationalistic wars. His actions gained international attention, including support from intellectuals such as Albert Camus and Albert Einstein, but ridicule from Eleanor Roosevelt.
Davis, a World Federalist, founded the non-profit World Service Authority in 1953 to educate and promote World government. The World Service Authority issues "world government documents", such as the World Passport, a fantasy travel document based on his interpretation of Article 13(2), Universal Declaration of Human Rights and on the concept of world citizenship. Previously, Davis had worked as a Broadway stage actor and understudy for Danny Kaye. He served as an American bomber pilot in World War II.
Davis was born in Bar Harbor, Maine (U.S.), to Meyer and Hilda (née Emery) Davis. His parents were Jewish and Irish, respectively. He graduated from The Episcopal Academy in 1940 and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University).
Advocacy for world government
Pained by his own brother's war death and at the death he caused other families by bombing the city of Brandenburg in World War II, and fearful that nuclear war could terminate humanity, Davis gave up U.S. citizenship in 1948 and declared himself a "citizen of the world". He mentioned Henry Martyn Noel, who had renounced a few months earlier, as one of his inspirations.
In France, his "Garry Davis Council of Solidarity" support committee was co-founded by writers Albert Camus and André Gide and Emmaus movement originator Abbé Pierre, as well as Robert Sarrazac, a former leader of the French Résistance who joined Davis in founding the Mundialization World Cities movement.
Davis interrupted a session of the United Nations General Assembly on 19 November 1948, "We, the people, want the peace which only a world government can give," he proclaimed. "The sovereign states you represent divide us and lead us to the abyss of total war."
Along with his support committee, he rallied over 15,000 people in Paris to demand that the UN recognize the rights of Humanity.
Davis founded the International Registry of World Citizens in Paris in January 1949, which registered over 750,000 individuals. On 4 September 1953 Davis formed an organisation, the World Government of World Citizens, with the stated aim of furthering fundamental human rights. He additionally formed the World Service Authority in 1954 as the government's executive and administrative agency, which issues its own fantasy passports – along with fantasy birth and other certificates – to customers. Davis first used his World Passport on a trip to India in 1956, and was allegedly admitted into some countries using it.
Davis ran for mayor in Washington, D.C. in 1986 as the candidate of the "World Citizen Party" receiving 585 votes. He also declared himself as the World Citizen Party candidate for the 1988 US presidential election. Davis published multiple books in favor of his cause of world citizenship.
At the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Davis issued and disbursed a world currency based on kilowatt hours of solar power produced, an idea proposed by Buckminster Fuller. These "kilowatt dollars" were the earliest documented emissions reduction currency.
In March 2012 at age 90, Davis began broadcasting a weekly radio show, "World Citizen Radio", on the Global Radio Alliance.
Attempts to help Julian Assange and Edward Snowden
In 2012, Davis sent WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange a World Passport. Only weeks before he died, Davis sent a World Passport to whistleblower Edward Snowden in Moscow in care of the Russian authorities.
Davis entered hospice care on 18 July 2013, and died six days later in the municipality of South Burlington, Vermont, aged 91. He is survived by a daughter from his first marriage, Kristina Starr Davis; two sons, Troy and Kim; and a daughter, Athena Davis from his third marriage; a sister, Ginia Davis Wexler; a brother, Emery; and a granddaughter Emma Meluta.
- Davis, Garry (1961). My Country Is the world: The Adventures of a World Citizen. Putnam.
- Davis, Garry (1992). Passport to Freedom, A Guide for World Citizens. Nwo Pubns. ISBN 0-929765-08-7
- Davis, Garry (2003). World Government, Ready or Not!. BookSurge Publishing. ISBN 1-59457-166-X
- Davis, Garry (2004). Letters to World Citizens. BookSurge Publishing. ISBN 0-9706483-7-5
- Davis, Garry (2001). A World Citizen in the Holy Land. World Government House. ISBN 0-9706483-4-0
- Davis, Garry (2005). Cher monde, une odyssée a travers la planete. World Government House. ISBN 0-9706483-9-1
- Davis, Garry (2006). Dear World: A Global Odyssey. BookSurge Publishing. ISBN 0-7388-2624-3
- Baratta, Joseph Preston (2004). The Politics of World Federation: From world federalism to global governance. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-275-98068-9.
- Langer, Emily (7 August 2013). "Garry Davis, gadfly and 'first citizen of the world,' dies at 91". The Washington Post.
- Fox, Margalit (29 July 2013). "Garry Davis, Man of No Nation Who Saw One World of No War, Dies at 91". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "Passport to Game – Politics".
- "Garry Davis dies at 91; World Citizen No. 1 and advocate for peace". Los Angeles Times. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
- Green, Susan (28 March 2001). "Passport to Fame?". Vermont Seven Days. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- "Gary Davis Cult: A fervent "citizen of the world"". Life. 24 January 1949. pp. 28–29.
- Roberts, Christopher N. J. (2015). The Contentious History of the International Bill of Human Rights. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-01463-3.
- "My Day". 15 December 1948.
- "Global radio alliance". globalradioalliance.com.
- "Vt. man who tried to help Edward Snowden dies". WCAX News. 25 July 2013. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
- Views from My Space (2009) ISBN 1-4392-1792-0
- World Peace Is You (ebook)
- Views From My SpaceBook II (2011) ISBN 978-1467909792
- World Citizen Garry Davis Goes to Court (2011) ISBN 978-1467988988
- "What's a World Passport?" Daniel Engber, Slate Magazine. Accessed 25 March 2006.
- Davis v. District Director. INS, 481 F. Supp. 1178 (D.D.C. 1979) Accessed 4 November 2006.
- World Government of World Citizens website, created by Davis
- Garry Davis' blog
- Short documentary clip about Garry's life
- New York Times article, July 28, 2013
- LIFE magazine article, January 24, 1949
- Washington Post article, August 6, 2013
- Los Angeles Times article, August 1, 2013
- Kilowatt dollar explained
- Newspaper clippings about Garry Davis in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
- Garry Davis – Broadway Cast & Staff - IBDB
- Let's Face It! – Broadway Musical – Original - IBDB