Portrait photographer Garry Gross
|Born||November 6, 1937|
Bronx, New York, U.S.
|Died||November 30, 2010 (aged 73)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Education||Colorado State University|
Born in New York, Gross began his career as a commercial photographer, apprenticing with photographers Francesco Scavullo and James Moore and studying with master photographers Lisette Model and Richard Avedon. His fashion and beauty photography has been featured in numerous fashion magazines over the years and his work has appeared on the covers of such magazines as GQ, Cosmopolitan, and New York Magazine. Celebrities Gross has photographed include Calvin Klein, Gloria Steinem, Whitney Houston, and Lou Reed.
Gross studied with the Animal Behavior Center of New York and became a certified dog trainer in 2002, using that training to begin working with dogs and creating Fine Art style portraits. His last project was a series of large scale portraits of senior dogs and he actively supported charities that benefited rescue dogs and senior dogs.
Brooke Shields photograph controversy
Gross was the photographer of a controversial set of nude images taken in 1975 of a then ten-year-old Brooke Shields with the consent of her mother, Teri Shields, for the Playboy publication Sugar 'n' Spice. The images portray Shields nude, standing and sitting in a bathtub, wearing makeup and covered in oil. Two of the images were full-frontal. In 1981, Shields attempted to prevent further use of the photographs but in 1983 a US Court ruled that a child is bound by the terms of the valid, unrestricted consents to the use of photographs executed by a guardian and that the image did not breach child pornography laws. In ruling, the presiding Judge stated: "The issue on this appeal is whether an infant model may disaffirm a prior unrestricted consent executed on her behalf by her parent and maintain an action pursuant to section 51 of the Civil Rights Law against her photographer for republication of photographs of her. We hold that she may not."
A photograph of one of those original photographs was produced by American artist Richard Prince, an artist famous for his "reproduction photography." Prince called his version "Spiritual America," after a 1923 photograph by Alfred Stieglitz that depicts the genitals of a workhorse. In 2009 "Spiritual America" was removed from the Tate Modern gallery exhibition called Pop Life: Art in a Material World after protesters described the image as "obscene" and a "magnet for pedophiles," although it had been shown in New York's Guggenheim Museum in 2007 without incident.
Gross has stated that "The photo has been infamous from the day I took it and I intended it to be" and that he was "disappointed but not surprised" by the Tate's decision to remove the photograph.
- "Garry Gross". Frieze.com. Archived from the original on September 22, 2009. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- "Dog Fashion Photography of New York". Dogphotographyofnewyork.com. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- "Dog Photography of New York, Manhattan, New York City, NYC". Dogphotographyofnewyork.com. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- "Tate pulls nude child star image". BBC News. October 1, 2009. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- Searle, Adrian (September 30, 2009). "Naked Brooke Shields photo is an image for which you must write your own commentary". London: The Guardian. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- Leonard, Tom (October 1, 2009). "Brooke Shields photographer 'disappointed' by police pornography claim". London: Telegraph. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- "Brooke Shields nude photo causes controversy". Marie Claire. Archived from the original on October 5, 2009. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- Jackson, Candace. "Exhibition at Tate Modern looks at commerce, creativity – WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- Charlotte Higgins and Vikram Dodd (September 30, 2009). "Tate Modern removes naked Brooke Shields picture after police visit". London: Guardian. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- "CBC News – Art & Design – Shields's photo at centre of porn probe". Cbc.ca. September 28, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- "NY photographer of young, nude Brooke Shields dies" Archived 2011-07-08 at the Wayback Machine, Bay Ledger, December 8, 2010