Garsington

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Garsington
Garsington StMary SE2.JPG
St Mary's parish church
Garsington is located in Oxfordshire
Garsington
Garsington
Garsington shown within Oxfordshire
Area 8.42 km2 (3.25 sq mi)
Population 1,689 (2011 Census)
• Density 201/km2 (520/sq mi)
OS grid reference SP5802
Civil parish
  • Garsington
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town OXFORD
Postcode district OX44
Dialling code 01865
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
Website Garsington Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
OxfordshireCoordinates: 51°42′58″N 1°09′40″W / 51.716°N 1.161°W / 51.716; -1.161

Garsington is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Oxford in Oxfordshire. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 1,689.[1]

The village is best known for the flamboyant social life at Garsington Manor when it was the home from 1914 to 1928 of Philip and Ottoline Morrell,[2] and for the Garsington Opera which was staged here from 1989 until 2010.

Buildings[edit]

Garsington Manor[edit]

Main article: Garsington Manor
Monument in St Mary's parish church to Lady Ottoline Morrell, carved by Eric Gill

Garsington Manor House was built in the 16th century and remodelled in the 17th century.[3] It is a Grade II* listed building.[4]

It was the home of Lady Ottoline Morrell (1873–1938), doyenne of the Bloomsbury group of writers and artists who used to meet at the Manor. By association it has connection with the philosopher Bertrand Russell, writers such as Aldous Huxley, W. B. Yeats, Virginia Woolf and D. H. Lawrence and artists like Mark Gertler, Eric Gill and Dora Carrington.

Garsington Manor was bought in 1982 by Leonard Ingrams who established the Garsington Opera, an annual open air opera festival, which was staged at Garsington Manor each summer from 1989 until 2010. The opera moved to Wormsley Park, Buckinghamshire in 2011.

Southend Manor House[edit]

The Southend part of the village has its own manor house. It is an early 17th-century double-pile Jacobean building with a front of seven bays. It too is a Grade II* listed building.[5]

Parish church[edit]

Inside St Mary's parish church

The earliest part of the Church of England parish church of Saint Mary includes the tower, built towards the end of the 12th century in the Transitional[6] style between Norman[7] and Early English.[8] The chancel is pure Early English and was built or rebuilt in about 1300.[3][6] St Mary's has Decorated Gothic north and south aisles, which were added in the 14th century and have four-bay arcades.[3][6]

St Mary's was restored in 1849 under the direction of the Gothic Revival architect Joseph Clarke.[3][6] Clarke's alterations included rebuilding the chancel arch to match the north arcade,[3] adding gargoyles to the south aisle and much remodelling of the north aisle.[6] St Mary's is a Grade II* listed building.[6]

In the interior next to the entrance door is a memorial to Garsington's most illustrious inhabitant, Ottoline Morrell, by Eric Gill.

The west tower has a ring of six bells. Richard Keene of Woodstock cast the treble bell in 1696.[9] Abraham II Rudhall of Gloucester cast the second bell in 1720. Henry III Bagley of Chacombe, Northamptonshire cast the third bell in 1733, presumably at his then foundry in Witney. John Rudhall of Gloucester cast the tenor bell in 1788. W&J Taylor cast the fifth bell in 1825, presumably at their then foundry in Oxford. The fourth bell was cast in 1732 but Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry recast it in 1929. The bells were restored in 2013.[10]

Thomas Thwaites of Clerkenwell, London built the turret clock for the tower in 1796 at a cost of £172 4s 0d.[11] It is a 30-hour clock and it strikes the hours on the tenor bell.[11] Its dials still have only an hour hand.[11]

St Mary's parish is now part of the Benefice of Garsington, Cuddesdon and Horspath.[12]

The wedding scene in the 2006 film Amazing Grace was filmed at the church.[13]

School[edit]

The 1840 building of Garsington parish school. The school now has more modern premises in the parish, and the old building is now a house.

A parish school was built in Garsington in 1840. It was reorganised as a junior school in 1923.[7] It now occupies more modern premises and is a Church of England primary school.[14]

Village Hall[edit]

The village hall was built in 1911 and given to the village by the lord of the manor, Philip Morrell. For most of the 20th century it served the needs of the villagers and a number of small improvements were made over the years. It was recently renovated to bring it up to modern day standards. The building retains its original appearance as well as adding modern-day facilities.[15]

Amenities[edit]

Garsington has one public house: the Three Horseshoes. There were two other public houses: the Plough has been converted into a private house; and the Red Lion is in the process of conversion. There are also a village shop, a hairdressing salon, a garden centre, dog kennels and a cattery.

Garsington Sports and Social Club is in Denton Lane. It has two men's football teams that play in the Oxfordshire Senior Football League and two youth teams that play in the Oxford Mail Youth League[16]

Garsington Cricket Club[17] plays in the Oxfordshire Cricket Association League Division Five.[18] The Club also has teams that compete in local darts and Aunt Sally leagues.

The Garsington Society seeks to expand the knowledge of Garsington and its surrounding areas historically and geographically with talks held from time to time. The Society holds an annual barn dance.

Garsington has a Women's Institute.[19]

References[edit]

Garsington preaching cross has its medieval base and a remnant of its medieval shaft. Upon it are a small 20th century shaft and top.
  1. ^ "Area: Garsington CP: Parish Headcounts: Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 
  2. ^  Seymour, Miranda (1885–1900). "Morrell (née Cavendish-Bentinck), Lady Ottoline Violet Anne". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 611
  4. ^ Historic England. "Garsington Manor  (Grade II*) (1001095)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  5. ^ Historic England. "Manor House, Southend  (Grade II*) (1047686)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Historic England. "Church of St Mary, Southend  (Grade II*) (1284943)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Lobel 1957, pp. 134–156.
  8. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 610.
  9. ^ Davies, Peter (28 January 2009). "Garsington S Mary". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  10. ^ Nunn, Andy. "Towers". Oxford Diocesan Guild of Church Bell Ringers, Oxford City Branch. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c Beeson 1989, p. 38
  12. ^ Archbishops' Council. "Benefice of Garsington, Cuddesdon and Horspath". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 
  13. ^ Archbishops' Council. "Garsington: St Mary, Garsington". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 1 July 2010. 
  14. ^ Garsington CE Primary School
  15. ^ Garsington Village Hall
  16. ^ "Boys League". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 
  17. ^ Garsington Cricket Club
  18. ^ "Clubs". Oxfordshire Cricket Association. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 
  19. ^ "Your Nearest WI". Oxfordshire Federation of Women's Institutes. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]