Garswood

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Garswood
Village
The Railway pub, Garswood.JPG
The Railway public house, Garswood
Garswood is located in Merseyside
Garswood
Garswood
Location within Merseyside
Population6,183 
OS grid referenceSJ556993
Civil parish
  • Seneley Green
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWIGAN
Postcode districtWN4
Dialling code01942 - 01744
PoliceMerseyside
FireMerseyside
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside
53°29′17″N 2°40′12″W / 53.488°N 2.670°W / 53.488; -2.670Coordinates: 53°29′17″N 2°40′12″W / 53.488°N 2.670°W / 53.488; -2.670

Garswood is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of St. Helens, Merseyside, England. The village is within the civil parish of Seneley Green. The parish was historically part of Ashton-in-Makerfield township.

History[edit]

Historically within Lancashire, Garswood is from Old English wudu "wood" with an uncertain first element. The name was recorded as Gratiswode (undated).

Garswood has seen, along with extensive farming, much coal mining activity in its past, due to strata running up to an adjacent fault causing much outcropping of coal seams. Mining has taken place using (comparatively) shallow shafts and many drifts. The last drift mine in the Garswood area, Quaker House Colliery, closed in 1992. Extensive opencast mining has taken place in more recent times and still continues in the area.

The village contains the Railway Hotel, the Stag Hotel and the Simms Road Inn public houses. It also has a Labour Club,a Conservative Club, and Garswood United Football Club.

Education[edit]

In 1588 Seneley Green (as it was then known) became the site of Ashton-in-Makerfield Free Grammar School, the area's first free grammar school, founded by Robert Byrchall on land granted for the purpose by Sir Thomas Gerard. Whilst the original building has long since demolished, today the site is used as Garswood Public Library. Ashton-in-Makerfield Free Grammar School was attended by Saint Edmund Arrowsmith,[1] one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.

Garswood County Primary School is located in the centre of Garswood and has roughly 300 pupils.[2]

Sport[edit]

Garswood United F.C. were formed in 1967 and joined the Mid-Cheshire League in 1988. They won Division Two in 1990 and Division One in 1996.

Garswood Stags ARLFC was founded in 2013, the club are Coached by former St Helens RL and Great Britain international Paul Loughlin.

Transport[edit]

Garswood railway station provides direct rail links to Liverpool, St. Helens and Wigan, plus many other stations along the same line.

Road links are provided by the village's proximity to the M6 motorway and the East Lancashire Road (A580). Garswood is close to Haydock Industrial / Business Estates, where companies such as Sainsbury's and Booker have warehousing facilities, creating employment for a large surrounding area.

Buses are usually small around the Area

There are Links to St Helens,Rainford,Ashton in makerfield and other places like Billinge.Companies such as Arriva and Huyton Travel run here and even Cumfy Bus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]