Garuda Indonesia Flight 865
The accident aircraft involved the accident, taken at Kai Tak Airport in 1981.
|Date||13 June 1996|
|Summary||Rejected takeoff due to engine failure|
|Aircraft type||McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30|
|IATA flight No.||GA865|
|ICAO flight No.||GIA865|
|Call sign||INDONESIA 865|
|Flight origin||Fukuoka Airport, Fukuoka, Japan|
|Stopover||Ngurah Rai International Airport, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia|
|Destination||Soekarno Hatta Int'l Airport, Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Injuries||170 (3 crew, 167 passengers)|
Garuda Indonesia Flight 865 (GA/GIA 865) was a scheduled international flight from Fukuoka, Japan, to Jakarta, Indonesia via Bali, Indonesia. On 13 June 1996, flight 865 crashed on its takeoff from Fukuoka Airport Runway 16. Three of 275 suffered fatal injuries in the accident.
Flight 865 was cleared for takeoff from Runway 16. Suddenly, the crew of the McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 attempted to abort take-off after the failure of the number 3 (right) engine. The abort occurred at speeds nearing V2, and after rotation of the nose. Following the abort, attempts were made to stop the aircraft on the runway by use of brakes, ground spoilers and thrust reversers, but the crew was unable to stop the aircraft within the boundaries of the runway, which exited the airport property. The captain stated that he feared that the aircraft might hit buildings or objects if he did not abort the takeoff.
In slowing down, the aircraft slid through a ditch, a fence and a road before finally coming to rest approximately 620 metres (2,030 ft) beyond the runway threshold. Damage done to the aircraft during the slide across the ground caused the landing gear to break off and both wing-mounted engines to be torn from the wings. The fuselage broke in two places, at about the wing root trailing edge, and at approximately 10.4 metres (34 ft) aft of the wing root trailing edge. The resultant fire destroyed the areas between the hull fractures, and other areas of the aircraft. Three passengers died as a result.
The final report concluded that pilot error and the failure of the maintenance and flight operation sections of the airline in properly coordinating matters resulted in the accident.
The aircraft involved was a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, registration PK-GIE. It had its first flight on 24 April 1979 and was delivered to Garuda Indonesia on 27 July 1979. The aircraft was 17 years old at the time of the accident, it was the 284th DC-10 built and its MSN number was 46685.
The aircraft had three General Electric CF6-50C2 turbofan engines. The cause of the engine failure leading to the crash was that the engine turbine blades had been in service for 6,182 cycles (take-offs and landings) when General Electric said to discard blades after 6,000 cycles.
- English version of the accident report, p. 21 (PDF 29/130)
- "Garuda Indonesia PK-GIE". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- "Garuda pilot details Fukuoka crash" (Archive). The Japan Times. February 21, 1997. Retrieved on November 21, 2014.
- "Aircraft Accident Investigation Report, Garuda Indonesia Douglas DC-10-30, PK-GIE Fukuoka Airport" (PDF). Aircraft Accident Investigation Commission, Ministry of Transport, Japan. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 June 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- "Garuda crash blamed on pilot misjudgment" (Archive). The Japan Times. November 20, 1997. Retrieved on November 21, 2014.
- "PK-GIE Garuda Indonesia McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 - cn 46685 / 284". www.planespotters.net. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "MC DONNELL - DOUGLAS DC - 10". www.taxiways.de. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "Accident Garuda Flight 865 Dc10 PK-GIE | Airfleets aviation". www.airfleets.net. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Garuda Indonesia Flight 865.|
- (in English) Aircraft Accident Investigation Report – Aircraft Accident Investigation Commission (Archive)
- (in Japanese) Aircraft Accident Investigation Report – Aircraft Accident Investigation Commission
- Aviation Safety Database