Garuda Linux

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Garuda Linux
Garuda Linux Logo
DeveloperSGS, Shrinivas Vishnu Kumbhar, tbg, dr460nf1r3 (Nico), Yorper, Naman Garg, Filo, TNE, Πέτρος (Petsam), Dalto, Zoeruda, Librewish, Eduard Tolosa
Written inC, C++, Python, D, Java
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen-source
Initial release26 March 2020; 2 years ago (2020-03-26)
Latest releaseRolling release / 07 October 2022
Repositorygitlab.com/garuda-linux
Available inOver 50 languages
Package managerPacman
Kernel typeLinux Zen
Official websitegarudalinux.org
Garuda Linux Welcome Page

Garuda Linux is a Linux distribution based on the Arch Linux[1] operating system. Garuda Linux is available in wide range of popular Linux desktop environments, including modified versions of the KDE Plasma 5 desktop environment. It features a rolling release update model using Pacman as its package manager. The term Garuda, which originates from Hinduism, is defined as a divine eagle-like sun bird and the king of birds.

History[edit]

Garuda Linux was released on the 26 March 2020.[2] Garuda Linux is developed and maintained by developers around the world. It was founded by Shrinivas Vishnu Kumbhar from India and SGS from Germany.[3]

Features[edit]

Garuda Linux installation process is done with Calamares, a graphical installer.[4][5] The rolling release model means that the user does not need to upgrade/reinstall the whole operating system to keep it up-to-date inline with the latest release. Package management is handled by Pacman via command line, and front-end UI package manager tools such as the pre-installed Pamac. It can be configured as either a stable system (default) or bleeding edge in line with Arch. Garuda Linux includes colorized UI which comes in various options, with the option to further customize the user preferences.

Desktop environments[edit]

Garuda Linux provides many releases with various desktop environments and package defaults.[6] All have Arch Linux as their base and the Garuda Linux Team provide their own additional package builds via Chaotic-AUR which is part of all releases.

Name Features Supported?
Garuda KDE Dragonized A Mac-like desktop layout using the KDE Plasma desktop environment developed by the KDE Team.[7]
Garuda KDE Dragonized Gaming KDE Dragonized with additional packages preinstalled to provide an out-of-box experience for gaming.
Garuda KDE Lite A minimal release without extra packages. ×
Garuda KDE-Git Uses Git versions of the latest packages. Limited
Garuda GNOME Uses GNOME, a modern desktop environment focused on ease-of-use developed by The GNOME Foundation.[8]
Garuda Cinnamon Uses Cinnamon desktop developed by Linux Mint.[9]
Garuda Xfce Uses the lightweight Xfce desktop environment,[10] focused on low system resources.
Garuda Mate Uses the MATE desktop environment,[11] a continuation of the GNOME 2 desktop environment.
Garuda LXQT-Kwin Uses LXQt,[12] a lightweight desktop environment based on the Qt toolset
Garuda Wayfire Uses Wayfire,[13] a lightweight desktop environment that is Wayland based.
Garuda Sway Uses Sway,[14] a Wayland native desktop environment focusing on the use of key bindings for navigation.
Garuda i3WM Uses i3WM,[15] a lightweight window manager which ships with Garuda Linux's own configuration.
Garuda Qtile Uses, Qtile, a tiling window manager which is lightweight and extensible.

Garuda Downloader is a tool provided by the Garuda Linux team for Windows and Linux to download the latest official release of all editions.

System requirements[edit]

Garuda Linux hardware requirements vary on the desktop environment used, but they are very similar.[16]

  • Minimum requirements:
    • 30 GB storage
    • 4 GB RAM
  • Recommended requirements:
    • 40 GB storage
    • 8 GB RAM

Garuda Linux also requires a storage device that contains 4 GB of space for their standard versions. Gaming desktop environments require a storage device with 8 GB storage space available.[17]

Installation[edit]

The official Garuda Linux website supplies ISO images that can be run using a USB device which contains 4 GB/8 GB of storage space, depending on the ISO image chosen. After the user has their partitions and formats set up on their drive, they can insert the thumbdrive and boot into it from the BIOS. Calamares will begin its process and present the user with a GUI installer.[18][16][19][20]

Garuda Linux uses a rolling release update model in which new packages are supplied throughout the day. Pacman, the package manager, allows users to easily update their system.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Arch-based distributions - ArchWiki". wiki.archlinux.org.
  2. ^ "Garuda Linux".
  3. ^ "About". Garuda Linux. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  4. ^ Name, Your. "About". Calamares.
  5. ^ "Garuda Linux". SourceForge. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  6. ^ "Garuda Linux | Downloads". Garuda Linux | Downloads. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  7. ^ "Home". KDE Community. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  8. ^ "GNOME – Simple, beautiful, elegant". Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  9. ^ "About Linux Mint - Linux Mint". linuxmint.com. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  10. ^ "Xfce Desktop Environment". www.xfce.org. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  11. ^ Team, The MATE (2013-10-31). "MATE Desktop Environment". MATE. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  12. ^ "LXQt - The Lightweight Qt desktop environment". lxqt-project.org. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  13. ^ "Wayfire". wayfire.org. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  14. ^ "Sway". swaywm.org. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  15. ^ "i3 - improved tiling wm". i3wm.org. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  16. ^ a b "Garuda Linux Installation - Garuda Linux Dual Boot". 23 September 2020.
  17. ^ "Garuda Linux | Downloads".
  18. ^ "Install Garuda Linux DUAL BOOT with Windows 10 Step-By-Step". 29 November 2020.
  19. ^ "How to Install Garuda KDE Dragonized". 16 January 2021.
  20. ^ Dimitrios. "Garuda Linux Review: Pure Arch With GUI Tools and Good Looks". itsfoss.com/. Retrieved 2021-09-20.