Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue
|Location||Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park, Indonesia|
|Material||copper and brass sheet, steel frame, reinforced concrete core|
|Width||66 m (217 ft)|
|Height||122 m (400 ft)|
|Completion date||31 July 2018|
|Opening date||22 September, 2018|
|Dedicated to||Garuda and Vishnu|
Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue (also GWK statue) is a 122-meter tall statue located in Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park, Bali, Indonesia. It was designed by Nyoman Nuarta and inaugurated in September 2018. The total height of the monument, including the 46-meter base pedestal is 122 m (400 ft). The statue is about 30 m (98 ft) higher than the Statue of Liberty, but Liberty is tall and thin, while Garuda is almost as wide as it is high — its wingspan is 64 m (210 ft). The statue was designed to be the Indonesia’s tallest statue, that was inspired by a Hindu about the search for Amrita (the elixir of life). According to this myth, Garuda agreed to be ridden by Vishnu in return for the right to use the elixir to liberate his enslaved mother. The monument was completed on 31 July 2018 and inaugurated by Indonesian President Joko Widodo on 22 September, 2018.
It took twenty-eight years and around $100 million to build the statue. GWK was designed back in 1990 by Nyoman Nuarta under the auspices of then-Tourism Minister Joop Ave, Energy Minister Ida Bagus Sudjana and Governor of Bali Ida Bagus Oka. The groundbreaking event of the statue’s construction took place 1997. In the late 1990s, the project was brought to a sudden halt by the combining force of the global economic crisis.
Construction resumed in 2013 after a sixteen year hiatus, when property developer PT. Alam Sutera Realty Tbk (ASR) agreed to financing the construction of the statue and the project.The idea for the monument was not without controversy; religious authorities on the island complained that its massive size might disrupt the spiritual balance of the island, and that its commercial nature was inappropriate, but some groups agree with the project, because it will be a new tourist attraction.
Fabrication and dimensions
The statue was assembled in Bali from 754 discrete modules that were constructed in Bandung, West Java and then transported to the work site. The modules were cut into 1,500 smaller pieces to accommodate the cranes maximum load. The last piece that was placed onto the gigantic artwork was at its tail, which is located at the highest point of the statue.  Garuda's shape is so complex that engineers have designed special joints in the supporting structure, with up to 11 enormous steel girders coming together at the same point, whereas normal construction joints have four or six girders. The Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue is designed to withstand storms and earthquakes, and expected to last for the next 100 years.
The completed monument is about as tall as a 21-storey building. It weighs 4000 tonnes, making it the heaviest statue in Indonesia. The artwork is made of copper and brass supported by 21,000 steel bars, and bolts of 170,000. The statue is made of copper and brass sheeting, with a stainless steel frame and skeleton, as well as a steel and concrete core column. The outer covering measures 22000 m2 in area. The crown of Vishnu is covered with golden mosaics and the statue has a dedicated lighting arrangement. The sculpture sits atop a building base which will function as a restaurant, museum, and viewing gallery.
- "Meet the Designer of Garuda Wisnu Kencana : Nyoman Nuarta - NOW! Bali". NOW! Bali. 1 September 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- Media, Kompas Cyber (5 July 2018). "INFOGRAPHY: The Journey of Building the Statue of GWK". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 September 2018.
- "President Joko Widodo unveils Indonesia's tallest statue". The Straits Times. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
- "Jokowi resmikan patunng GWK terwujud setelah 28 Tahun". Kompas. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
- "Garuda Wisnu Kencana: Precious gift for Independence Day". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
- "5 Astonishing Facts of Bali`s Garuda Wisnu Kencana Statue". Tempo. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
- "Nuarta 'resurrects' tallest Wisnu statue". July 24, 2013. Archived from the original on July 24, 2013.
- "Spectacular GARUDA WISNU KENCANA STATUE on Bali in Final Stage of Completion". Ministry of Tourism, Republic of Indonesia. 11 June 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
- "Bali statue of Hindu god Wisnu to be world's largest". ABC. Retrieved 28 November 2018.