Garvary is a townland in the Civil Parish of Tomregan, Barony of Knockninny, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. Disambiguation- see also Garvary (Corlough) townland, County Cavan, Republic of Ireland.
The townland name is an anglicisation of the Gaelic placename “Garbh Aire” which means ‘Rough Land’. The oldest surviving mention of the name is in a grant dated 14 October 1612 where it is spelled ‘Garwaray’. Spellings in later grants are 1629- Garrywarrye.
It is bounded on the north by Derrintony and Derryart townlands, on the east by Derrylaney and Derryhooly townlands, on the south by Kiltycrose townland and on the west by Aghindisert & Drumderg townlands. Its chief geographical features are Drumderg Lough, the Duvoge River and a drumlin hill reaching to 60 metres above sea-level. The townland is traversed by the C431 Teemore Road and some minor lanes. Garvary covers an area of 249 statute acres.
The townland formed part of the ballybethagh of Calvagh in medieval times. At the beginning of the 17th century it was owned jointly by Bryan McPhilip O’Reyly and Edward Rutlidge but was confiscated by the Crown in the 1609 Ulster Plantation and it formed part of the half-territory of Aughrin which was granted to Sir Hugh Culme in 1610. Culme later relinquished his claim to the Crown, perhaps because there was confusion at the time as to whether the townland formed part of County Fermanagh or County Cavan. By an order of the Lord Deputy dated 14 October 1612 the townland was granted, inter alia, to Lady Margaret O’Neill, the widow of Sir Hugh Maguire deceased. An Inquisition held at Newtownbutler on 20 January 1629 found that Thomas Duffe McCorie was seized of the lands of, interalia, Garrywarrye. In 1641 and also in 1670 it was owned by Sir William Balfour (general).
The Tithe Applotment Books for 1827 list the following tithepayers in the townland- McGuire, Drum, McKernan, Whittendale.
In 1841 the population of the townland was 86, being 42 males and 44 females. There were twenty houses in the townland, three of which were in the course of erection.
In 1851 the population of the townland was 55, being 25 males and 30 females, the reduction being due to the Great Famine (Ireland). There were fourteen houses in the townland, two of which were uninhabited.
In 1861 the population of the townland was 61, being 30 males and 31 females. There were thirteen houses in the townland, of which one was uninhabited.
In 1871 the population of the townland was 66, being 30 males and 36 females. There were eleven houses in the townland and all were inhabited.(page 606 of census)
In 1881 the population of the townland was 49, being 23 males and 26 females. There were eleven houses in the townland, all were inhabited.
In 1891 the population of the townland was 48, being 22 males and 26 females. There were twelve houses in the townland, all were inhabited.
The historic sites in the townland are a medieval crannóg in Drumderg Lough and Garvary Lodge.
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