|This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (September 2015)|
In Concord, New Hampshire, campaigning for the 2000 Republican presidential nomination.
May 4, 1946 |
Covington, Kentucky, U.S.
Gary Bauer was born in Covington, Kentucky, and was raised in Newport, Kentucky, in a working-class family, the son of Betty and Stanley Bauer, a laborer. He was raised in the Southern Baptist faith. Of his hometown, Bauer has said, "in the years I grew up there, the town was literally under the control of an organized crime syndicate out of Toledo, Ohio. And when I say under the control of it, literally the mayor, the city council, even the police department were all being paid handsomely." Bauer cited the community's efforts to oppose this corruption as a significant influence on his political conservatism.
Bauer received a bachelor's degree from Georgetown College in Georgetown, Kentucky, in 1968 and a law degree from Georgetown University in 1973. While attending law school, he worked as the Assistant Director of Opposition Research at the Republican National Committee from 1969 to 1973. He then took a position as the director of government relations for the Direct Mail Marketing Association, from 1973 to 1980. He served as a Deputy Under Secretary for Planning and Budget in the United States Department of Education, from 1982 to 1987, and as an advisor on domestic policy from 1987 to 1988. While serving under Reagan, he was named Chairman of President Reagan's Special Working Group on the Family. His report, "The Family: Preserving America's Future," was presented to the President in December 1986.
Bauer served as the president of the Family Research Council from 1988–1999. He resigned from this position to run for the Republican Party nomination for President of the United States. He left the race after the primaries in February 2000. In 1996, he founded the Campaign for Working Families (CWF), a political action committee dedicated to electing "pro-family, pro-life and pro-free enterprise" candidates to federal and state offices. In addition to serving as the chairman of CWF, Bauer is also the president of American Values, a non-profit organization "committed to defending life, traditional marriage, and equipping our children with" conservative values. He also serves on the Executive Board of Christians United for Israel, a lobby group headed by John Hagee. Gary Bauer was one of the signers of the Statement of Principles of Project for the New American Century (PNAC) on June 3, 1997. He also serves on the board of the Emergency Committee for Israel.
Bauer has been described as a "politically conservative Baptist with strong commitments to preserving the traditional family and the Judeo-Christian values he believes are the foundation of American society." Bauer describes himself as pro-life. He is in support of repealing laws that allow abortion. He advocates for the Supreme Court's overturn of Roe v. Wade as the first step in the pro-life cause. He wants to cut funding for Planned Parenthood and do away with any U.S. aid for organizations that provide or advise abortions. Bauer also says that he would counsel raped family members against abortion. He points to the Constitution and the Christian view of human life as reasons for not supporting euthanasia, stating that, "all people have immeasurable value because they have been created in the image and likeness of God." He is a supporter of the death penalty for death row inmates. Bauer opposes cloning and embryonic stem cell research, but supports adult stem cell research. He supports a Constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage, and prefers abstinence programs to comprehensive sex education programs. Bauer wants to remove from the tax code all economic disincentives to marry.
On foreign policy issues, Bauer supports strong ties with Israel, would not trade with China until the country improves its human rights record, and supported full funding for the Iraq War. Bauer believes that America should advance and protect freedom worldwide and "bring the message of freedom to the Arab world". He is a critic of Islam.
Bauer supports enforcing all laws against illegal immigration and that all immigrants should learn English and U.S. traditions.
On economic issues, Bauer supports income tax cuts and decreased regulation of small businesses. He has stated that corporations should serve the U.S. as well as their shareholders, and has occasionally been critical of the World Trade Organization.
Bauer announced his presidential campaign in April 1999, running on a platform built mostly upon social issues such as abortion. Bauer received over 8% of the vote in the Iowa Caucuses, and less than 1% of the vote in the New Hampshire Primary before withdrawing from the race for the Republican presidential nomination. Bauer endorsed John McCain when he pulled out of the race in February 2000. In the fall of 1999, two senior members of Bauer's campaign staff raised questions about closed-door meetings between Bauer and a female campaign aide. Bauer's denial of any impropriety prompted two campaign workers to resign. There was never any actual evidence of infidelity brought against Bauer.
His presidential campaign is mostly remembered for an incident at the Bisquick Pancake Presidential Primary Flip-Off on 31 January 2000. The candidates took it in turn to mount a four-foot stage, make, flip and catch a pancake in a pan. When Bauer took his turn, he tossed his pancake too high and, trying to follow it, fell off the back of the stage, disappearing through a blue curtain. He emerged, unhurt, with no pancake and no pan. He then flipped and caught a pancake without falling on his second attempt. Bauer joked that it might be the best thing to happen to his campaign and said that he was "the Ken Griffey of the presidential candidates. I dove into the dugout to catch my pancake." Years later, Bauer recalled that as he toppled off the stage and through the curtain, fellow candidate George W. Bush, who was standing backstage having already successfully completed his pancake toss, shouted "here comes Bauer!"
Bauer co-hosted a talk radio show with former Jerusalem Post CEO and President Tom Rose from March 2006 to March 2007 on WMET, a Washington, D.C. area radio station. Bauer is also a frequent guest on many conservative talk-radio programs across the country.
In November 2009, Bauer signed an ecumenical statement known as the "Manhattan Declaration" calling on evangelical, Catholic and Orthodox Christians not to comply with rules and laws which they claim would compel participation in or blessing of abortion, same-sex marriage and other matters that go against their religious consciences.
Bauer is the author of several books, including:
- Our hopes, our dreams: a vision for America. Focus on the Family Pub. January 1996. ISBN 978-1-56179-433-1.
- Doing Things Right. Word Pub. 1 August 2001. ISBN 978-0-8499-1684-7.
- Children at Risk. Thomas Nelson Incorporated. 1 July 1994. ISBN 978-0-8499-3584-8. (with James C. Dobson)
- Our journey home. Word Pub. 1 September 1992. ISBN 978-0-8499-0931-3.
- "OnPolitics: Bauer (R)". The Washington Post. 2000. Retrieved May 4, 2007.
- Legendary Locals of Covington Google Books
- Williams, Daniel K. (2010). God's Own Party: The Making Of the Christian Right. Oxford University Press. p. 237. ISBN 9780195340846.
- Kloehn, Steve (November 19, 1999). "Gary Bauer: Long Shot Keeps Faith". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing Company.
Raised in a blue-collar family in northern Kentucky, Bauer joined a Baptist church as a teenager
- "Nomination of Gary L. Bauer To Be a Deputy Under Secretary of Education". University of Santa Barbara. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Gary L. Bauer Bio". American Values. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "EXECUTIVE BOARD". Christians United For Israel. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Board". Emergency Committee for Israel. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Encyclopedia of American Religion and Politics". google.com.
- "ROE AT 35". Human Events. 18 January 2008. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- Gary Bauer on the Issues at the Wayback Machine (archived February 6, 2005)
- American Values – Gary L. Bauer, President
- "Anti-Islamic Sentiment Cheered at Values Voter Summit". The Atlantic. 17 September 2010. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- Tareq Y. Ismael; Andrew Rippin (29 June 2010). Islam in the Eyes of the West: Images and Realities in an Age of Terror. Taylor & Francis. pp. 46–. ISBN 978-0-203-85438-9.
- "Bauer officially jumps into 2000 race – April 21, 1999". CNN.
- "The Hawkeye State at a Glance". George Washington University. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- title=February 1, 2000 New Hampshire Republican Primary results Federal Election Commission
- "CNN Transcript – Special Event: Gary Bauer Endorses John McCain for President – February 16, 2000". CNN.
- Carnes, Tony (1 February 2000). "Gary Bauer Can't Go Home Again". Christianity Today. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "The Gary Bauer Scandal". Slate Magazine.
- "Gary Bauer Falls Off Stage During N.h. Pancake Flip". The Chicago Tribune. January 31, 2000. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- "Bauer vows to fight on despite long odds". CNN. January 31, 2000. Archived from the original on April 7, 2005. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- "Pancake Politics". Time. February 14, 2000. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- "The perils of presidential politics: Bauer can't forget pancake 'flip-off' fall". USA Today. October 10, 2007. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- "MANHATTAN DECLARATION & SIGNERS MANHATTAN DECLARATION: A CALL OF CHRISTIAN CONSCIENCE". Demoss. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- A listing of Bauer's political positions at the Wayback Machine (archived February 6, 2005)
- Campaign for Working Families
- The Family: Preserving America's Future – A Report to the President from the White House Working Group on the Family. Washington, DC: Domestic Policy Council. 1986.