Gary Franks

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gary Franks
Gary A. Franks.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's 5th district
In office
January 3, 1991 – January 3, 1997
Preceded by John G. Rowland
Succeeded by James H. Maloney
Personal details
Born Gary Alvin Franks
(1953-02-09) February 9, 1953 (age 62)
Waterbury, Connecticut
Political party Republican

Gary Alvin Franks (born February 9, 1953) is an American politician who was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut for six years, from 1991 until 1997. He is the only African-American elected to the U.S. Congress from Connecticut. He was a member of the Republican Party.

Early life[edit]

Franks was born in Waterbury, Connecticut. He received his Bachelor of Arts from Yale University in 1975. He served as a member of the Waterbury board of aldermen from 1986 to 1990. He was an unsuccessful candidate for Connecticut comptroller in 1986. In 1991, he ran as a Republican and was elected to the 102nd United States Congress. He served until 1997, when he was defeated in his reelection bid by the Democratic candidate, James H. Maloney. Franks then ran for the United States Senate in 1998, losing to incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Chris Dodd.


Franks was the first African American Republican to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives since Oscar Stanton De Priest won his last term representing the South Side of Chicago in 1932. The other African-American Republican member of the U.S. House in the 1990s was J. C. Watts from Oklahoma. In his 1990 election, Franks defeated former 6th District congressman Toby Moffett, whom Franks portrayed as too liberal to represent the district. Franks won in a three-way election in 1992 when Democratic candidates split between endorsed candidate Judge James Lawlor, a moderate from Waterbury, and A Connecticut Party candidate Lynn Taborsak, a pro-labor candidate from Danbury. James H. Maloney, then the Democratic state senator from Danbury, challenged Franks in 1994 and received 46% of the vote.

In a 1996 rematch, Maloney ran again and defeated Franks, benefiting from President Bill Clinton's strong showing in Connecticut.

Franks was the Republican nominee for U.S. Senate in 1998, challenging incumbent Senator Chris Dodd. Dodd was easily re-elected, with Franks receiving just 32 percent of the vote.

Franks is the author of Searching for the Promised Land: An African American's Optimistic Odyssey (1996).

Political views[edit]

Franks ran as a candidate in favor of welfare reform, an opponent of affirmative action and a supporter of the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court. He opposed increased taxation and supported a reduced capital gains tax and an amendment to ban desecration of the American flag.

Franks opposed the Civil Rights Act of 1990 when it was being debated in Congress, and when he was running for his first term. One of his reasonings was that enforced quotas would encourage companies to move out of Connecticut to states with a greater proportion of whites, since in Connecticut, companies' ability to recruit out-of-state white workers would be balanced against a large in-state African American population in a way that would not occur in states with fewer African Americans. However, he did vote for the Civil Rights Act of 1991 when he was in Congress during his first term.[1]

After becoming the first Republican voting member of the Congressional Black Caucus, Franks was ejected from the strategy sessions of the caucus on the claim he was a Republican mole due to his opposition to racial gerrymandering. He was later barred from the beginning half-hour long lunch of the Caucus.

Personal life[edit]

Franks married Donna Williams in 1990. They had a daughter in 1991 and a son in 1994. Since his retirement from politics, Franks has led a largely private lifestyle.[2]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Overton, Penelope (November 30, 2010). "Debt-racked ex-congressman settles in St. Lucie County, then disappears". TCPalm. Retrieved May 8, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
John G. Rowland
Republican Party Nominee for the 5th Congressional District of Connecticut
1990 (won), 1992 (won), 1994 (won), 1996 (lost)
Succeeded by
Mark Nielsen
Preceded by
Brook Johnson
Republican Party nominee for United States Senator from Connecticut
(Class 3)

1998 (lost)
Succeeded by
Jack Orchulli
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John G. Rowland
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's 5th congressional district

January 3, 1991 – January 3, 1997
Succeeded by
James H. Maloney