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Gary G. Sick (born 1935) is an American academic and analyst of Middle East affairs, with special expertise on Iran, who served on the U.S. National Security Council under Presidents Ford, Carter, and for a couple weeks under Reagan as well. He has authored three books, and is perhaps best known to the wider public for voicing support for elements of the October Surprise conspiracy theory regarding the Iran hostage crisis and the 1980 presidential election.
Sick is a retired captain in the U.S. Navy. He received a BA from University of Kansas in 1957, a Master of Science degree at George Washington University in 1970, followed by a PhD in political science at Columbia University in 1973.
Sick served on the staff of the National Security Council under President Carter, and was the principal White House aide for Persian Gulf affairs from 1976 to 1981, a period which included the Iranian revolution and the hostage crisis.
After leaving government service, Sick served as Deputy Director for International Affairs at the Ford Foundation from 1982 to 1987, and is the executive director of the Gulf/2000 Project at Columbia University (1993–present), which has published five books and numbers many of the leading scholars on the Persian Gulf among its global membership. He is an adjunct professor of International Affairs and a senior research scholar at Columbia's School of International & Public Affairs, where he has been voted one of the top professors. He is emeritus member of the board of directors of Human Rights Watch, and serves as founding chair of the Advisory Committee of Human Rights Watch/Middle East.
October Surprise allegations
|Booknotes interview with Gary Sick on October Surprise, December 1, 1991, C-SPAN|
On April 15, 1991, The New York Times published an opinion piece by Sick that stated "individuals associated with the Reagan-Bush campaign of 1980 met secretly with Iranian officials to delay the release of the American hostages until after the Presidential election. For this favor, Iran was rewarded with a substantial supply of arms from Israel." While the "October Surprise" allegations had been promoted by others as early as 1980, the Times article immediately elevated the story to national prominence. Sick later detailed the allegations in his book October Surprise: America's Hostages in Iran and the Election of Ronald Reagan. Sick's allegations were addressed by both houses of Congress. The United States Senate's November 1992 report concluded that "by any standard, the credible evidence now known falls far short of supporting the allegation of an agreement between the Reagan campaign and Iran to delay the release of the hostages." The House October Surprise Task Force's January 1993 report concluded "there is no credible evidence supporting any attempt by the Reagan presidential campaign—or persons associated with the campaign—to delay the release of the American hostages in Iran".
- All Fall Down: America's Tragic Encounter with Iran (Random House, 1985)
- October Surprise: America's Hostages in Iran and the Election of Ronald Reagan (Random House/Times Books, 1991)
- The Persian Gulf at the Millennium: Essays in Politics, Economy, Security, and Religion (St. Martin's Press, 1997)
- Jonathan Tirone; Benjamin Harvey (21 January 2011). "Iran Refuses to Talk About Nuclear Program at Istanbul Meeting". Bloomberg. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
- "Gary Sick". sipa.columbia.edu. Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs. 2015. Retrieved May 3, 2015.
- "Gary Sick, Executive Director". gulf2000.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2016-04-17.
- Sick, Gary (April 15, 2015). "The Election Story of the Decade". The New York Times. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
- Pipes, Daniel (2003). Peter, Knight (ed.). Conspiracy Theories in American History: An Encyclopedia (PDF). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, Inc. pp. 547–550. ISBN 1-57607-812-4.
- Barry, John (November 10, 1991). "Making Of A Myth". Newsweek. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate (November 19, 1992). The "October Surprise" allegations and the circumstances surrounding the release of the American hostages held in Iran. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. ISBN 0160397952. OCLC 28306929. S. Rpt. No. 102-125.
- Task Force to Investigate Certain Allegations Concerning the Holding of American Hostages by Iran in 1980 (January 3, 1993). Joint report of the Task Force to Investigate Certain Allegations Concerning the Holding of American Hostages by Iran in 1980 ("October Surprise Task Force"). Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. OCLC 27492534. H. Rept. No. 102-1102.
- Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate 1992, p. 115.
- "October Surprise Task Force" 1993, p. 8.