Gary Sullivan (engineer)
Gary Joseph Sullivan (born 1960) is an American electrical engineer who led the development of the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC and HEVC video coding standards and created the DirectX Video Acceleration (DXVA) API/DDI video decoding feature of the Microsoft Windows operating system.
He was the chairman of the Joint Video Team (JVT) standardization committee that developed the H.264/AVC standard, and he personally edited large portions of it. Since January 2010, he has been a co-chairman of the Joint Collaborative Team on Video Coding (JCT-VC) and an editor for developing the High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard. He has also led and contributed to a number of other video and image related standardization projects such as extensions of ITU-T H.263 video coding, multiview and 3D video coding for AVC and HEVC, and JPEG XR image coding. Since October 2015, he has been a co-chairman of the Joint Video Exploration Team (JVET) for exploration of video coding beyond the capability of HEVC. He has also published research work on various topics relating to video and image compression.
Sullivan was born and raised in Louisville, Kentucky, and attended the Ascension and St. Margaret Mary elementary schools and Trinity High School, graduating in 1978. He received B.S. and M.Eng. degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Louisville J. B. Speed School of Engineering, Kentucky, in 1982 and 1983, respectively. He received Ph.D. and Engineer degrees in electrical engineering from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1991.
Sullivan holds the position of Video and Image Technology Architect at Microsoft Corporation. At Microsoft he also designed and remains lead engineer for the DirectX Video Acceleration (DXVA) API/DDI video decoding feature of the Microsoft Windows operating system platform. His DXVA designs include decoding acceleration schemes for H.261, MPEG-1 Part 2, H.262/MPEG-2 Part 2, H.263, MPEG-4 Part 2, H.264/MPEG-4 Part 10: AVC, Windows Media Video versions 8 and 9, VC-1, Scalable Video Coding, Multiview Video Coding, and HEVC.
Prior to joining Microsoft in 1999, he was the manager of communications core research at PictureTel Corporation, the former world leader in videoconferencing communication. He was previously a Howard Hughes Fellow and member of technical staff in the Advanced Systems Division of Hughes Aircraft Company, and a terrain-following radar system software engineer for Texas Instruments.
Recognitions and awards for Sullivan (and the projects he has led in the standardization community) have included the following:
- Best Paper Award of IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 2017 (together with Thiow Keng Tan, Rajitha Weerakkody, Marta Mrak, Naeem Ramzan, Vittorio Baroncini, and Jens-Rainer Ohm)
- Best Paper Award of IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 2013 (together with Jens-Rainer Ohm, Woo-Jin Han, and Thomas Wiegand)
- IEEE Masaru Ibuka Consumer Electronics Award (together with Gisle Bjøntegaard and Thomas Wiegand), 2012.
- Fellow of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) for achievements in video and image compression technologies, 2009.
- J. B. Speed Professional Award in Engineering, 2009.
- Paired Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards – one awarded to VCEG and one to MPEG by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences for development of the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC standard, 2009.
- Primetime Emmy Engineering Award – awarded to the JVT standards committee by the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences for development of the High Profile of H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, 2008.
- International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium (IMTC) Leadership award, 2008.
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Consumer Electronics Engineering Excellence Award, 2008.
- Fellow of the IEEE for contributions to video coding and its standardization, 2006.
- The video coding work of the ITU-T led by Sullivan for the preceding ten years was voted as the most influential area of the standardization work of the CCITT and ITU-T in their 50-year history, 2006.
- Technical Achievement award of the International Committee for Information Technology Standards (INCITS) for his work on H.264/MPEG-4 AVC and other video standardization topics, 2005.
Sullivan has held the following chairmanships in video coding standardization organizations:
- Rapporteur/chairman of the ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) – since 1996.
- Chairman and co-chairman of the video part of the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) – chairman March 2001 – May 2002, co-chairman since May 2002.
- Chairman and co-chairman of the Joint Video Team (JVT) – chairman for the development of the next generation H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video coding standard and its fidelity-range extensions (FRExt), and co-chairman for the development of the Scalable Video Coding (SVC) and Multiview Video Coding (MVC) extensions.
- Co-chairman of Joint Collaborative Team on Video Coding (JCT-VC) for developing the High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard – since January 2010.
- Co-chairman of Joint Collaborative Team on 3D Video Coding (JCT-3V) for developing 3D extensions of video coding standards – July 2012 (group closed June 2016).
- Co-chairman of the Joint Video Exploration Team (JVET) for future video coding technology investigation – since October 2015.
- Liaison representative to MPEG and JPEG from ITU-T on video and image coding topics.
The JVT, JCT-VC, JCT-3V, and JVET have been joint projects between the VCEG and MPEG organizations.
- Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG)
- Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG)
- Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG)
- JPEG XR
- High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC)
- H.264/MPEG-4 AVC
- H.263 and MPEG-4 Part 2
- H.262/MPEG-2 Part 2
- H.261 and MPEG-1 Part 2
- DirectX Video Acceleration
- Windows Media Video
- "Gary Sullivan '78 wins IEEE Award". Trinity High School. August 16, 2011. Retrieved 2014-09-29.
- "Gary Sullivan Leads Engineering Team to Emmy Award". University of Louisville J. B. Speed School of Engineering. March 17, 2009. Retrieved 2015-06-17.
- Data Compression Conference (DCC 2013), March 2013.
- Gary J. Sullivan biography, Visual Communication and Image Processing (VCIP 2012), November 2012.
- Rob Knies; Microsoft Research (2011). "Video Architect, Microsoft Research Collaborator Wins IEEE Award". Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Communication Society (2011). "IEEE CCNC Panelist biographies". Retrieved 2011-02-28.
- CSVT Transactions – Best Paper Award, IEEE Circuits and Systems Society web site.
- Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (2009). "SPIE Fellows: 59 New SPIE Fellows Elected". Retrieved 2009-04-21.
- National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (2008). "Honorees Announced for 60th Annual Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards". Retrieved 2009-04-21.
- Dolby Laboratories (2008-08-21). "Dolby Congratulates the Joint Video Team Standards Committee on Its 2008 Primetime Emmy for Developing the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC High Profile". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-04-21.
- Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (2008). "Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Announces Recipients for the 2008 Primetime Emmy Engineering Awards". Retrieved 2009-04-21.
- International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium (2008). "IMTC Leadership and Service Awards". Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (2008). "Recipients of the IEEE International Symposium on Consumer Electronics Engineering Excellence Award". Retrieved 2009-04-21.
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Computer Magazine, Volume 39, Issue 2, February 2006, pp. 79-83 (2008). "IEEE Announces 2006 Fellows" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-04-21.
- ITU-T Newslog (2006). "Video Coding Work Voted Most Influential".
- International Committee on Technology Standards (2005). "INCITS Awards Honor Roll".
Video coding standardization organizations
- Joint Collaborative Team on Video Coding (JCT-VC)
- Joint Collaborative Team on 3D Video (JCT-3V)
- Joint Video Team (JVT)
- ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG)
- ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG)
- ITU-T Study Group 16 (SG16)
Video coding standards
- ITU-T Rec. H.265, also standardized as ISO/IEC MPEG-H Part 2 (also known as HEVC)
- ITU-T Rec. H.264, also standardized as ISO/IEC MPEG-4 Part 10 (also known as AVC)
- ISO/IEC MPEG-4 Part 2
- ITU-T Rec. H.263
- ITU-T Rec. H.262, also standardized as ISO/IEC MPEG-2 Video
- ISO/IEC MPEG-1 Video
- ITU-T Rec. H.261
DirectX Video Acceleration
- DirectX Video Acceleration (DXVA)
- DXVA for Video Decoding
- DXVA for VP8 and VP9
- DXVA for HEVC
- DXVA for H.264/MPEG-4 AVC
- DXVA for Windows Media Video v8, v9 and vA (Including SMPTE 421M "VC-1")
- DXVA for H.261, MPEG-1, MPEG-2 (H.262), H.263, and MPEG-4 Part 2